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Germany

Politics, constitution and administrative structure of Germany

Germany is located in central Europe. Its official name is the Federal Republic of Germany. The capital of Germany is Berlin, but some ministries are located in Bonn. The country owns the North-Frisian and East Frisian islands, and the Federation includes Helgoland, Dune and Fehmarn in the Baltic Sea. If we consider the form of government, Germany is a parliamentary federative republic. Under the law of the Federation, the power of the president is extremely limited. He or she, in fact, participates only in the organization of various ceremonies and events. The President is elected for 5 years. That’s the person who is authorized to represent the country at the international level and to sign acts on pardon of criminals. All other reins of government are in the hands of the Federal Chancellor of Germany or, in other words, the Prime Minister.
The luxury hotels in Germany, deserving attention of the most discerning traveler.
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The president has the power to represent a suitable candidate for the country's supreme chancellor. In case if the parliament does not want to approve the nominated candidate by the president for any reasons, the ruler has the right to dissolve both chambers at the legislative level. The same actions of the president are permissible if the parliament does not want to agree and continue to work with the already appointed acting chancellor. The legislative branch consists of a bicameral parliament. Its upper house is the Bundesrat. It has power to approve the laws passed. The Upper Chamber is formed of representatives of individual lands in an amount directly proportional to the number of people in certain regions. Thanks to this, Germany stands out among the whole European Union, as a country in which all the rights and norms of citizens are fully observed.
The Lower Chamber is Bundestag Federal Government. It is headed by the Federal Chancellor. The chamber also includes all heads of relevant ministries, and deputies who are elected for a period of four years. The lower house deals with all the main issues in the field of international relations and defense. The lower chamber is fully engaged in settling and solving all existing problems and issues related to financial and communication spheres. In the Federal Republic, there are only 16 lands that are considered separate federal subjects. Each of the lands has the right to build its own concept of development and external relations, as well as the bodies of internal self-government. All Federal lands are divided into communities within which a certain communal structure operates. Due to the fact that the financial development base is defined and formed in each subject separately, all conflict situations are resolved very quickly. One can clearly say that the state structure of Germany regards to land and federal levels. This forms a two-stage structure of the political system. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
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In different regions, the tax system and the structure of budget can differ. Every German land has the right to create its own law and allocate its own authority. However, all regions develop in one common direction and rhythm, as prescribed by the parliament. The highest judicial instance in the Federation is the Federal Constitutional Court. Both chambers of the parliament have a right to elect eight judges to the board. Each of them is appointed as a judge for twelve years. The Supreme Court is engaged, as a rule, by checking the decisions of other courts and resolving disputable constitutional issues.
A black hotel under the blue sky of Neuhaus The constitutional court even can disband a particular party. However, this is possible only in case when it was proved that the party pursues goals that will outstrip the entire state system of the country, as well as infringe the basic aspects of the functioning democracy. The highest structures of justice in Germany also include the Labor Court, the administrative court in Leipzig, the public and financial court. All Federal Courts, as a rule, are engaged in verification and resolving issues related to the formal legality of land decisions. The current Constitution in Germany was adopted in 1949. Over time, some articles were canceled or partially amended. The control over the monetary situation of the Federation is maintained by the Central Bank. Since the creation of the European Union on 1.01.1999, the Central Bank of Germany is fully subordinate to the Central European Bank.
Germany guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Germany

Places in Germany famous worldwide

Gozec Circle

From the series “15 Historical Monuments, with Riddles not yet Solved”
In Germany on the territory of Gozec commune was found an unusual Neolithic building named Gozec circle. It is a complex of deep concentric form ditches, alternately with palisade 75 meters rings. In the palisade rings, we can see several gates. Actually, this part was reconstructed.

This unique historical monument was found accidentally in 1991 during the air exploration. While the specialists were examining the area from the air, they saw a clear outline made from the wheat-land. Something like Gozec circle was found in other regions of German, Croatia, Austria. Nevertheless, no one knows about its original usage. The researchers came up to the conclusion that all gates were made according to the sunrise and sunset during the solstice days.

This fact tells us that such complexes … Read all
All unique sightseeing Germany
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27.10.2021

Photogallery of famous places of Germany

Electorate - mentality of people in Germany regions

Berlin
Beer lovers simply can’t fail to be attracted by the festival called Beer Mile, which is held on the first Saturday of August. All main celebrations take place in Friedrichshain district that prepares for the celebration - beer tents are set along a beautiful avenue. In these tents visitors can try best drinks from breweries from around the world. The first festival was held in 1996. Since this time the festival has become one of the favorite holidays for tourists and locals. Carnival of … Read more
Munich
The industry actively uses solar panels and wind turbines, many of which have become real landmarks that attract curious tourists. The locals are very hospitable. They smile a lot and this fact can even surprise some travelers. Locals are always willing to help and do not mind to talk with guests on such subjects as cooking, sports or politics. Each fall the city attracts thousands of fans of beer. Oktoberfest is a special holiday in Munich, which is celebrated with a special scale. Colorful … Read more
Hamburg
Fantastic cowboy performances are the main entertainment during the summer festival. A small special town is constructed in one of the city’s streets especially for this purpose. The town looks exactly like towns seen in the films about the Wild West. The winter festival is the best time to participate in various carnival processions. Anyone can buy an original medieval costume and join various demonstrations and solemn processions. Such festive activities appeared for the first time yet in … Read more
Cologne
There are many interesting and symbolic events in Cologne. Perhaps, a five-day long carnival celebration is the most famous among tourists. The carnival is conducted each year and starts on November 11. The holiday begins exactly on 11 hours and 11 minutes. Starting from that time locals and visitors are welcome to attend cultural events and interesting presentations. Here you can try various dishes in street cafes and take part in numerous competitions. Perhaps, a large costume parade is the … Read more
Frankfurt am Main
Every year in mid-August the Frankfurt cider festival is held. This cheerful and bustling holiday is dedicated to the favorite drink of local residents. Locals claim that one of the main secrets of incomparable taste of the local cider is a special way of cooking, which is kept secret. The local drink is served solely in ceramic jugs. During the festival, travelers are invited to try the most diverse varieties of cider, as well as original cocktails and refreshing drinks cooked of it. … Read more
Dusseldorf
A no less colorful carnival takes place in February. Every day of this festival has a special theme and offers a list of interesting activities. The first Monday of February is called Pink Monday. The most anticipated and vivid performance takes place on this day. It is a carnival train that passes through the main streets of the city. The passengers of the train – carnival’s members - shower passersby with candies and other sweets. The train is a continuous string of beautifully decorated … Read more
Dresden
Stuttgart
Over the years, the festival's program expanded. In the early 20th century, the celebration was held for 3 days; in 1920, it has taken 5 days. Since 1860, beer has been the main symbol of the holiday; during the festival, it just flows like water. Since 1972, the festival has been celebrated not less than 14 days; in addition to tasting beer, it provides a lot of interesting entertainment options. Seven huge tents are set in the city, but holidaymakers also have an opportunity to go to one of … Read more

Germany: traditions in regions

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