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Moscow

Culture of Moscow. Places to visit - old town, temples, theaters, museums and palaces

Moscow - St Basils Cathedral and Spasskaya Tower viewed from Red Square Several months of comprehensive tours will not be enough to explore all the landmarks and sights of Moscow. Hundreds of museums and architectural landmarks and monuments, majestic squares and vast ancient parks, world renowned historical objects and modern exhibitions centers turn Moscow into a genuine paradise for excursion enthusiasts. The most popular and recognizable Russian capital landmark is still the Red Square.
Moscow features as many entertaining centers as landmarks and sights. Open air leisure and recreation enthusiasts will love local parks and gardens. The Tsaritsyno museum and reserve is of … Open
It was established at the end of the 15th century and was initially called the Merchant Square as it was an established place for scale weekend fairs which attracted merchants from all over the country. The same significant symbol of the city is the Spasskaya Tower which was as well built at the end of the 15th century.
Initially the Tower was a part of fortifying constructions but at present the Tower is a part of the Moscow Kremlin. The Spasskaya Tower presents the Kremlin Chime and the clock. In close vicinity to the Red Square the tourists will discover the main religious landmark of the city being the Saint Basil’s Cathedral. Its opening was held in 1554. In course of its long history the Cathedral has been at the edge of total destruction for many times. The majestic building impressed Napoleon Bonaparte to such a great extent that he wished to transfer the Cathedral to France, however his dream was not fulfilled. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
1. Tourists are advised to determine a range of landmarks and sights for visiting just before the trip. Each tourist information center offers great many of excursions and tours being a real … Open
At present the Saint Basil’s Cathedral is a globally renowned landmark. A part of the building is occupied with the State Historical Museum of Russia. The Moscow Kremlin is a location of the world renowned Diamond Treasury. An excursion to the treasury is still one of the most popular tours among travelers. Each day the Moscow Kremlin is visited by hundreds of the city guests wishing to enjoy stunning beauty of the coronation regalia and precious articles used by Russian tsars during solemn ceremonies.
Moscow A unique collection of diamonds and gems, inimitable jewelry articles, imperial crowns and other precious pieces is considered to be the largest one in its kind. Among cultural establishments of the Moscow city the Tretyakov Gallery is the most remarkable one. The gallery is among the largest museums of the world. The same interesting and significant is the expositions of the Historical Museum. The Expo exhibition center regularly holds various exhibitions, presentations and other public events which always attract many visitors.
Everyone can spend a great time in Moscow regardless of their personal preferences and interests. Tired of visiting classic museums and exhibitions? Then it’s time to have a look at … Open
The Kolomenskoye museum, a former royal estate, is another cultural institution that every tourist may find interesting. The historical complex includes several churches—the Church of Our Lady of Kazan, the Church of the Ascension—as well as Polkovnichyi Chambers, Prikaznye Chambers, the Front, Park, and Back Gates, towers, Peter the Great’s House, a watermill. And that’s just a couple of interesting places in the open-air museum centre. The Tsaritsyno museum-reserve is also worth visiting if you want to learn more about local culture and history. Its collection includes items of traditional industry made of china, glass, ceramics, textile, leather, brought from different regions of Russia, as well as manufactured articles and archaeological finds. The museum hosts temporary exhibitions, concerts, and festivals—Classics and Jazz; Summer Romance.
Besides the Diamond Fund, the Moscow Kremlin is famous for its Armoury that used to be a treasury in the past. The collection of the cultural institution includes golden and silver items, tsar regalia, arms, armour, textiles, horse harnesses, and carriages. The Museum of Cosmonautics is another cultural institution that shouldn’t be missed. Here, you can view each exhibit carefully and learn more about the history of space exploration in the USSR. The magnificent Monument to the Conquerors of Space as well as Cosmonauts Alley with great sculptures—for example, depicting the solar system—are situated before the museum.
Those who love shopping can explore a huge variety of Moscow shopping malls. GUM is still the most popular place for elite and expensive shopping. The historic mall houses exclusive shops … Open
Those who don’t like ordinary museums should definitely check out the historical park called Russia Is My History where all exhibits are interactive and panoramic. It represents the history of the state from ancient times to the present day. Historical games are held here; huge projectors model simulations demonstrating the history of Russia. Nearby, there are amazing monuments to aircraft—the Mil Mi-8, Vostok rocket, Yak-42. There are also a couple of other interesting places nearby: Butterflarium, a butterfly house, and the Moskvarium oceanarium. The Experimentanium Science Museum is another wonderful museum with interactive exhibits thanks to which you can learn lots of interesting facts about the world through play and practical experiments.
Muzeon Park is of interest because of its sculptures and the history connected with them. The thing is, it was created by accident. In the 1990s, monuments of the Soviet era that were disposed of after the dissolution of the Soviet Union were brought here, which resulted in the foundation of the park with sculptures from Soviet times. The State Darwin Museum may also seem interesting to tourists. It’s another cultural institution with interactive exhibits and multimedia shows which introduce visitors to the world of plants and animals. Another remarkable place serving the same purpose is the Zoological Museum of Moscow University. The Living Systems museum with its interactive exhibits offers visitors to go on a captivating tour around the anatomy world.
Discovering the architecture of Moscow from bird's eye view! Saint Basil Cathedral, Novodevichy Convent, Ostankino Tower, Ivan the Great Bell Tower, Saint Sophia Church, Dormition Cathedral, all those monuments are defining the image of Moscow … Open
The Museum of the Great Patriotic War demonstrates visitors the history of the Great Patriotic War and great battles that took place on the territory of the Russian Federation. It’s interesting that the cultural institution is surrounded by monuments. Moscow also remembers the sufferings of Jews during the Holocaust, and that’s what the Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center is dedicated to. If you want to learn about the opposition of the Soviet Union and the USA and what was generally happening after World War II, you should visit the Museum of the Cold War located on a historic site—Bunker-42 in Tagansky District. Another tragic period of Russia’s history is reflected in the State Museum of GULAG History.
A museum called Kutuzov’s Hut is dedicated to the Patriotic War of 1812—to be more exact, to the military council in Fili, which played a decisive role in the whole war, as important strategic issues were solved there. The cultural institution is most famous for its panorama called Borodino Battle created by artist Franz Roubaud. There are also monuments in honour of those killed in battles. The Museum of the Moscow Railway, an open-air cultural institution exhibiting a collection of trains of the late 19th to early 20th century, is also worthy of a visit.
Kremlin, Bolshoi Theater, Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, Mausoleum, State Historical Museum, as well as many others, they all become the world's cultural heritage objects and remain as iconic monuments for Moscow … Open
Sacral art aficionados should definitely visit the Museum of Russian Icons displaying Byzantine and ancient Russian artworks. If you want to learn more about the Russian Orthodox Church, you should go to the Central Andrey Rublev Museum. The Russian National Museum of Music is one of the oldest music museums. Its collection includes original manuscripts, recordings, rare editions, unique musical instruments. The Ochakovo Museum of Traditional Russian Beverages introduces visitors to traditional brewing and kvass-making. Most people will like the final part of the tour most—beverage tasting.
Famous writers, poets, artists, composers often lived in Moscow. Today, their houses are turned into museums, where the original interior is recreated for visitors to feel the presence of former inhabitants. For instance, you should definitely visit the houses where Alexander Pushkin, Mikhail Bulgakov, Anton Chekhov, and Fyodor Dostoevsky used to live. Another cultural institution, Zurab Tsereteli’s Museum, is worth visiting even if you’re not familiar with the sculptor’s work and sculpture in general. You may drastically change your opinion after visiting the museum. If you are looking for something unusual, you can go to Tochka G (G Spot), an erotic art museum, the Museum of Unique Dolls, or the Museum of the History of Corporal Punishment. As for children, they will definitely enjoy a visit to the Museum of Childhood, Zabavushka Museum of Traditional Toys, and the Museum of Chocolate and Cocoa History.
Moscow has become a popular tourist destination long ago. The reason for this is in rich choice of attractions that have national significance. In order not to waste a single day in this … Open
The Triumphal Arch is one of Moscow’s brightest landmarks. It was erected to commemorate the victory in the war of 1812. It was designed by architect Joseph Bové and constructed in 1834. A century later, the gate was dismantled, so today guests and local citizens can see a copy of the original construction. Staying in Moscow, you should definitely take a walk around colourful Kitay-gorod (and pay special attention to one of the main landmarks of the area, the Old Merchant Court (Gostiny Dvor)), picturesque Patriarch’s Ponds, hymned by many great Russian writers, and visit Krutitsy Metochion, an architectural and historical monument of the Russian capital.
The Church of Saint Nicholas in Khamovniki built in 1682 is a wonderful example of Orthodox architecture. The building impresses visitors with its richly decorated facade that immediately catches the eye. By the way, Leo Tolstoy, a classic Russian writer, the author of the immortal novel War and Peace, was one of the parishioners and often mentioned the church in his works. Besides Orthodox churches, the capital of Russia also houses temples of other denominations—for example, Moscow Cathedral Mosque and the Moscow Choral Synagogue that are remarkable landmarks as well.
In Moscow, there is an immense range of child-friendly entertainment facilities. Modern water parks, amusement parks, museums for kids and other attractive sights are available for the … Open
Moscow is a modern city, so it surely couldn’t dispense with modern constructions. The Moscow International Business Center with its skyscrapers has become the city’s symbol, while some of its buildings are the tallest in whole Europe (the Federation Tower, the City of Capitals). If you want to get the best view of the business center, you should go to Sparrow Hills. In 1957, the majestic Hotel Ukraina, one of the most remarkable buildings in the capital of Russia, was built. Today, it’s called the Radisson Royal Hotel (renamed in 2010). The building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs designed by architects Gelfreykh and Minkus and built in 1953 is a great monument of Stalinist Empire style. It’s remarkable because it’s the only Soviet building without a star and a spire, which were distinctive features of the style.
Soviet high-rise The Shukhov Tower, a constructivist building erected in the 1920s, is another interesting construction. The landmark is named after its creator, Vladimir Shukhov, and was used as a TV and radio tower in Soviet times. Krymsky Bridge—a suspension bridge designed by Alexander Vlasov and built in 1936—is also an interesting construction. One of the most original buildings in Moscow is Melnikov House. The monument of the Soviet avant-garde built in 1929 was designed by Konstantin Melnikov (for his family and himself), who was famous for his offbeat approach to architecture. It’s also worth noting that there are numerous magnificent sculptures and fountains in Moscow that are wonderful to come across.
Moscow offers its guests more than one thousand of gastronomy establishments. Tourists eagerly visit as upscale restaurant so small budgetary cafes and eateries. The Bolshoi restaurant is a … Open
The city is also packed with a lot of great theatres. Staying in Moscow, you can go to various performances in different theatres every day. You should definitely check the upcoming events in the Bolshoi Theatre, the most famous cultural institution in the city. However, you can also watch remarkable plays in the Vakhtangov State Academic Theatre, the Stanislavski and Nemirovich-Danchenko Moscow Academic Music Theatre. Tourists will also like wonderful productions of the Kostroma Russian National Ballet. Those who prefer music performances should definitely visit the Moscow International House of Music.
In the section below, you can get one of our excursion, activities or city discovery tours over Moscow and surroundings. Our website offers 10-30% lower ticket prices, when compared to the offline purchase on the spot.

City tours, excursions and tickets in Moscow and surroundings

Plan your own excursion through Moscow: churches, museums and castles

Saint Basil Cathedral, Moscow

» The St. Basil Cathedral is situated on the Red Square in Moscow. It’s widely known as the monument of Russian architecture.
» The St. Basil Cathedral is one of the most famous sights of Russia. For many it’s the symbol of Moscow.
» Currently the Cathedral is a branch of the State Historical Museum and is included in the List of World Heritage Sites in Russia.
» The Cathedral has been repeatedly restored. Asymmetric extension, tents over porches, intricate decorative domes (they were gold originally), decorative painting on the outside and inside were added in the 17th century.
» The modern bell tower was built on the site of the ancient belfry that has decayed and fallen into disrepair in the second half of the 12th century. In the 1680s it was replaced by the bell tower, which stands to this day.

Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, Moscow

» The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is the Russian Orthodox Cathedral, not far from the Kremlin on the left bank of the Moscow River.
» Existing facilities are 1990s re-creation of the same name temple created in the 19th century.
» The original temple was erected in memory about Napoleon's invasion. Construction of the temple has lasted almost 44 years, but later the building was destroyed on December 5, 1931 in the midst of Stalin's reconstruction.
» Funerals of people significant for modern Russian history and culture were held in the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour.
» Great Orthodox relics and shrines such as a particle of the Robe of the Lord, the ark with holy relics, Reese of Blessed Virgin Mary, the relics of John the Baptist, the nail of the Holy Cross, and others are exhibited in the temple.

Ostankino Tower, Moscow

» Ostankino is the TV and radio broadcasting tower.
» The tower is 540 m, thus it occupies 8th place in the world by height.
» The project was created by architect Nikitin overnight; the inverted lily became the prototype of the tower.
» Ostankino TV tower has two viewing platforms, indoor and outdoor, of 337 m and 340 m, respectively. The outdoor observation deck is open only in warmer months, from May to October.
» For 30 years the TV Tower observation deck and restaurant Seventh Heaven have being visited by over 10 million visitors.

State Historical Museum, Moscow

» The State Historical Museum is located on the north side of Red Square in Moscow. The museum also occupies the neighboring buildings of the Mint and the Moscow City Duma.
» The collection reflects the history and culture of Russia from ancient times to the present day; it’s unique in the number and content of exhibits.
» Currently the museum is the largest in Russia. Two floors and 39 halls are dedicated to the history of Russia from ancient times to the beginning of the 20th century.
» Exposition starts on the second floor. It’s dedicated to the primitive society, Ancient Rus, the fight against foreign invaders, uniting Russia, culture, and development of Siberia.
» The third floor shows Russia since the era of Peter I: politics, culture, the economy of the Russian Empire.
» Massive reconstruction has happened to the museum. Throughout the rooms contain informational materials; the exhibition has a large number of screens and monitors except paper information support.

Saint Sophia Church, Moscow

» The Saint Sophia Church in the Middle Sadovniki is the Orthodox church on Baltchug Island opposite the Kremlin.
» The church is an architectural monument of federal significance.
» Wall paintings created at the turn of 19-20th centuries by artist Count Komarowski have preserved inside.
» The free-standing three-tier belfry was built in 1862 - 1868 by the architect Nikolay Kozlovsky. Its distinctive silhouette in the Russian-Byzantine style isn’t associated with the architecture of the temple itself, but corresponds to the verticals of the Kremlin towers located opposite.
» The church didn’t act in 1930s, as the premises were used for housing and laboratory.
» Currently, the temple is fully restored and elements of 17th century are reconstructed.
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What to visit during two-day excursion in Moscow

The Armoury In The Kremlin
Where: The Kremlin, entrance from the Alexander Garden., Moscow; Telephone: +7 495 621 46 31;
The Red Square And The Lenin Mausoleum
Where: Krasnaya Ploshad’, Moscow;
St. Basil’s Cathedral
Where: Krasnaya Ploshad’ 2, Moscow;
The Tretiakov Gallery
Where: Lavrushkinskiy pereulok 10, Moscow; Telephone: +7 495 953 10 51; Metro: Tretyakovskaya, Novokuznetskaya;
Reference information
Map of all palaces
Public palaces near Moscow
♥   Palace 'Terem Palace' , 0.1 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Palace 'Grand Kremlin Palace' , 0.2 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Palace 'Ostankino Palace' , 8.1 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Palace 'Kolomenskoye palace' , 9.7 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Palace 'Kuskovo Palace' , 12.1 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Palace 'Tsaritsyno palace' , 16.2 km from the center. On the map   Photo
Map of all art museums
Art galleries in Moscow and around
♥   Art museum 'Kremlin Armoury' Moscow, 0.3 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Art museum 'State Historical Museum' Moscow, 0.4 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Art museum 'Pushkin Museum' Moscow, 0.9 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Art museum 'State Tretyakov Gallery' Moscow, 1.2 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Art museum 'Moscow House of Photography' Moscow, 1.6 km from the center. On the map   Photo
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Rentals in Moscow

Photogallery of cultural heritage of Moscow

Landmarks of culture on Moscow map: art-galleries, monuments, palaces, etc

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Excursions over cultural sights of neighbours of Moscow

Culture guide to Moscow. Which fascinating sights to visit once you are in Moscow: temples, churches, museums, theaters and castles. Recommendations (with addresses, phone numbers and links) on the places 'must visit' in Moscow. Plan your own city excursion by using this page info!
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