It was established at the end of the 15th century and was initially called the Merchant Square as it was an established place for scale weekend fairs which attracted merchants from all over the country. The same significant symbol of the city is the Spasskaya Tower which was as well built at the end of the 15th century.
Initially the Tower was a part of fortifying constructions but at present the Tower is a part of the Moscow Kremlin. The Spasskaya Tower presents the Kremlin Chime and the clock. In close vicinity to the Red Square the tourists will discover the main religious landmark of the city being the Saint Basil’s Cathedral. Its opening was held in 1554. In course of its long history the Cathedral has been at the edge of total destruction for many times. The majestic building impressed Napoleon Bonaparte to such a great extent that he wished to transfer the Cathedral to France, however his dream was not fulfilled.
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