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Sightseeing in Kaluga - what to see. Complete travel guide

The year of the foundation of the city is 1371, when Kaluga was first mentioned in the charter of Olgerd, the Grand Duke of Lithuania. After a couple of decades, the city became part of the Moscow principality. Initially, Kaluga was a military city, a small outpost, which defended Moscow from raids from the south. The fortress in Kaluga was well fortified, and its successful location on the high bank of the Oka allowed subsequent camping of the troops of the Tatar-Mongols here. In the Time of Troubles, Kaluga became a native city not only for the well-known rioters who led the peasant uprisings, but also for the numerous "false princes" who also sought shelter here.
In Kaluga, there are a lot of attractions, whose age is more than two hundred years. A significant part of the excursion program is made up of ancient religious buildings; one of the oldest … Open
How hospitable Kaluga was to its "own" rebels, just as firmly rose against any attempts of foreign conquest. When the city was captured by the Polish prince Vladislav, the locals simply refused to serve and obey him. After the Ukrainian lands were annexed to the Russian Empire, Kaluga lost its original military importance. The city began to be built up by residential buildings, and soon the first industrial establishments appeared on its territory. At the end of the 18th century it was already a large industrial center, which specialized in cable and sailcloth production.
Kaluga is famous for its traditionally Russian traditions and an abundance of interesting sites. It is a real ancient Russian city, which managed to carry through the centuries its unique culture. The most revered shrine of the Kaluzhans is the icon of the Mother of God of Kaluga. During the Patriotic War of 1812 the icon more than once defended locals. There are numerous testimonies of the French who saw the icon floating in the air. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
1. In Kaluga, Tarusa embroidery is widespread - the old artistic craft of this region. As a souvenir, it is worth buying some product with such embroidery. It is performed only on natural … Open
In Kaluga there is uniqueness, from the architectural point of view the Trinity Cathedral, which was built in the 18th century. The development of the project involved a fairly well-known architect at that time Yasnigin, who proposed to build a dome 8 meters in diameter without additional fortifications. This was the first experience of such construction in Russia, and the debate was very long, as everyone believed that the dome would certainly collapse. But the magnificent dome of the cathedral still pleases the townspeople and guests of Kaluga with their extraordinary beauty and grandeur. Kaluga will surely impress travelers who do not imagine recreation without exciting excursions and wish to get acquainted with beautiful Russian traditions.
Kaluga - guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5
Reference information
Map of all parks
National and city parks around Kaluga
♥   National Park 'Ugra' , 29 km from the center. On the map   Photo

Sightseeing in Russia: things to see

Russia is a wonderful place to try different types of tourism. In this country you find wonderful beach resorts, ancient cities with rich historic heritage and magnificent nature parks. … Open
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Sightseeing in regions nearby Kaluga

All about Kaluga, Russia - sightseeings, attractions, touristic spots, architecture, history, culture and cuisine. Prepare your trip together with OrangeSmile.com - find out the 'must see' things in Kaluga, which places to visit, which excursions to take, where the breathtaking views are waiting for you. Planning your trip with this travel guide will help your to get the most out of Kaluga in few days.
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