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Culture of Trier. Places to visit - old town, temples, theaters, museums and palaces

Trier The oldest city in Europe is home to numerous notable places and buildings. Archaeological excavations never stop on the territory of Trier. You can see the priceless discoveries of scientists in the Archaeological Museum. A large part of its exposition is occupied by the items belonging to the times of the Roman Empire.
Discovering the architecture of Trier from bird's eye view! Cathedral of Trier, Basilica of Constantine, Porta Nigra, Roman Bridge, Church of St. Paulinus, all those monuments are defining the image of Trier … Open
Basilica of Constantine is one of the oldest architectural places of interest of Trier. According to some reports, it was built in 310 by Constantine the Great, and was used as a throne room. At that time the inner decoration of the hall made visitors stop in admiration. In the Middle Ages the building was used as the residence of the archbishop. The building was converted into a church only in the beginning of the 19th century. Kurfürstliches Palais is a prominent architectural monument. The castle is located a few steps away from the basilica. The amazing building in the rococo style has the right to be called the most beautiful one of its kind. Here tourists have a unique opportunity to examine the inner decoration of the palace, which interior is closer to one that prevailed here in the beginning of the 17th century.
St. Paulin's Church is one more place that is also worth visiting. The beautiful cathedral was built in the middle of the 18th century. Beautiful wall paintings are the main decoration of the church. The drawings were made by skillful masters immediately after the construction. Gilding was the only material used in painting of the elegant patterns that cover the walls of the church. Trier Cathedral is an important tourist attraction. The construction of the church took place in the 4th century. This is one of the oldest shrines of the country, and so many interesting stories and legends are associated with it. Copyright
Trier was founded in the XVI century BC by the Romans. They gave the city the name "Augusta Treverorum", which means "the city of August in the country of Treveri". This is the oldest city … Open
Trier is famous for the fact that it is Karl Marx’s hometown. It is therefore not surprising that in the city, you can visit the house where the great philosopher was born and brought up. The house is unremarkable from an architectural point of view – it is an ordinary house, of which there are many. However, the fact that you can become familiar with the life of the founder of Marxism in it, makes it very interesting. Lovers of mysterious things will appreciate Grabkammern, burial places in the Church of St. Michel, reminiscent of Roman rule. The catacombs were built in 450 by Bishop Cyril, but today there are only three graves left here. Sarcophagi which were discovered during excavations are now part of the Landesmuseum.
trier-hauptmarkt There are a lot of buildings in the city from the time of the Roman Empire. Many of them today are destroyed, but are still worth a visit for one reason and one reason only; Trier is considered the oldest city in Europe and was once famous for Roman baths and aqueducts. Tourist attractions such as Porto Montenegro, Kaiserthermen, Barbarathermen, Thermen am Viehmarkt, Stadtmauer, are just a few of the places worth visiting when you arrive in Germany’s oldest city. This is perhaps the most impressive ruins that can be found in the country of castles.
Trier has become internationally famous because of historic landmarks that are well-known around the world. At the same time, these places of interest do not draw the attention of travelers … Open
Not far from Porto Negro which is the main attraction of the city and has long been its hallmark, you can find the Stadtmuseum Simeonstift. Here you can make the realest journey into the past, going as far back as the 19th century. Within the museum’s territory you can find sculptures, costumes and paintings of that era. The oldest pharmacy in Germany is also situated in the city. It is called Löwen Apotheke, which was built in the middle of the 13th century. The interior, as well as the exterior, looks very impressive from the very first minutes, just beckoning on every tourist to visit the building.
Downtown Trier Of course you cannot ignore the busiest street of the city, Marktplatz. It is here that the Christmas Fair is usually held. The region is surrounded by houses made in the style of German Fachwerk – this is what adds the special romance to the place. But then again the Krahnenufer quay is given a special romantic aura by two cranes – Alter Moselkran (built at the beginning of the 15th century) and Jünger Moselkran (built at the end of the 17th century). Through the windows you can see how the mechanism inside works.
Your city break in Trier will not be complete without visiting local restaurants that will surprise their visitors by high level of service and wide choice of dishes. Kartoffel Restaurant … Open
A wonderful monument belonging to Renaissance style architecture is the Roter Turm. The building was constructed in the 17th century, destroyed during the Second World War, and then restored in the late 60s of the 20th century. Please note that the Red Tower cannot be confused with Rotes Haus, that is, the Red House. This amazingly beautiful building built of sandstone, was erected in the year 1684. However, during the war it went through the same predicament as Roter Turm; it was destroyed and restored virtually at the same time. Next to the building you can feel the real atmosphere of old Trier.
In the section below, you can get one of our excursion, activities or city discovery tours over Trier and surroundings. Our website offers 10-30% lower ticket prices, when compared to the offline purchase on the spot.

City tours, excursions and tickets in Trier and surroundings

Plan your own excursion through Trier: churches, museums and castles

Cathedral of Trier, Trier

» The cathedral dates back to 320.
»  The Roman warlord Constantine ordered to build a cathedral. The Empress sacrificed her palace for the construction. There are still its remains in the foundation.
»  The Normans almost destroyed the building in 882. It started to be restored in 1196.
»  Originally, the building was built in the Roman style. At the beginning of the 18th century, clergymen decided to add baroque elements to the facade.
»  In 1723, the altar was placed here. The walls are decorated with carving and relief pictures.
»  When Christ was crucified, his dress was town into 4 pieces. The altar contains the piece of the martyr’s chiton (a sleeveless shirt).
»  For 17 centuries, worshipers had seen the dress only 16 times, in 1996 for the last time. This was due to the material.
»  In the late 20th century, the organ appeared in the hall.
»  There are a lot of cult relics in the shrine of Trier. In the sacristy, there is the preserved link of the chain, by which Apostle Peter was bound. The iron rod from Christ’s body and the shoes of St. Andrew the First Called are attractions too.
»  In the underground shrine, there are the relics of St. Helena and arks of church bishops.

Basilica of Constantine, Trier

» The Basilica of Constantine is the monument of the past because there is the preserved old throne hall.
»  It is 67 m long, 26 m wide, and 33 m high. The floor is covered with black-and-white marble tiles. It is heated. The heating system is also integrated into the walls. Wall panels are inlaid with natural stone. Windows are adorned with mosaics. There are statues in the niches. Foreign guests were welcomed here.
»  The building built in 310 served as the residence of the first Christian Emperor. It is named after him.
»  The residence was not reconstructed many times, even though it changed many owners.
»  The big house is built of red bricks. The masonry is plastered.
»  The age of the Roman Empire was changed by the period of the reign of Frankish kings that loved staying here. In the 12th century, the local diocese occupied the palace. In the 17th century, Aula Palatina became the part of the prince’s castle. The army of Napoleon used its rooms as barracks. In 1856, the building served as an Evangelical refuge, the Church of Our Savior.
»  It had existed for 1500 years but was blown up during the Second World War. The ancient building was reconstructed in 1956.

Abbey of St. Maximin, Trier

Location on the map:   Facts: » The imperial abbey is one of the oldest monasteries in Western Europe.
»  It was named after the clergyman Maximin when the bishop died in 353. The crypt with the clergyman’s body has survived to this day. You can see the sarcophagus in the courtyard of the monastery.
»  The temple was built in the 4th century. The complex is located near the city market square.
»  Over the years of its existence, the building was repeatedly damaged by the fire and looted during the war.
»  In 1674, buildings of the church complex were demolished. They were rebuilt by a new plan. During the Second World War, the houses were destroyed again. The original exterior has not been preserved.
»  Only the central entrance and the church has remained undamaged. The religious building served not only as the House of God. There are barracks for soldiers and cells for prisoners.
»  In 1996, the territory of the abbey became the property of the private person. Now, there is a concert hall that can accommodate 1 200 guests and the Catholic school in updated rooms.

Church of St. Paulinus, Trier

Location on the map:   Facts: » During the development of Christianity, legionaries refused to sacrifice to pagan gods. They paid for this. They were executed in Trier. Seven thousand martyrs were killed with the sword.
»  One of the temples was built in the place of execution and was called the Church of Great Martyrs. Now, it is called the Church of St. Paulinus.
»  The first church dates back to the 4th century. The Bishop of Trier preached to irreligious people about the Christian faith. When the preached died in 358, his bones were delivered to the Church of St. Paulinus.
»  A few years later, the monastery was built around the House of God.
»  In 882, the Normans looted the building. In 1093, the fire left only the part of the complex.
»  At the beginning of the 12th century, it was decided to reconstruct and bless the church.
»  The church has flourished for five centuries. The army of Louis XII destroyed the consecrated place.
»  The church was rebuilt in 1757. The interior impresses with wall painting by great masters that is dedicated to the life of St. Paulinus. Sankt Paulin Kirche is an architectural monument. The exterior of the building combines different architectural styles of the past, baroque and rococo.
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What to visit during two-day excursion in Trier

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Reference information
Map of all palaces
Public palaces near Trier
♥   Palace 'Kurfürstliches Palais' Trier, 0.9 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Palace 'Grand Ducal Palace' Luxembourg, 39.2 km from the center. On the map   Photo
Map of all churches
Cathedrals and basilicas near Trier
♥   Basilika St. Paulin, Trier, 1.9 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Basilique Saint-Willibrord, Echternach, 16.8 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Luxembourg, Luxembourg, 39.3 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Basilika St. Wendalinus, Sankt Wendel, 49.8 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Basilika St. Salvator, Prüm, 52.8 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Abbaye Saint-Maurice, Clervaux, 55.5 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Basilika St. Johannes der Täufer, Saarbrücken, 63.2 km from the center. On the map   Photo
Car rental on Rentals in Trier

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Photogallery of cultural heritage of Trier

Landmarks of culture on Trier map: art-galleries, monuments, palaces, etc

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Excursions over cultural sights of neighbours of Trier

Culture guide to Trier. Which fascinating sights to visit once you are in Trier: temples, churches, museums, theaters and castles. Recommendations (with addresses, phone numbers and links) on the places 'must visit' in Trier. Plan your own city excursion by using this page info! - online travel reservation expert providing reliable car rental and hotel booking services. We feature more than 25.000 destinations with 12.000 rental offices and 200.000 hotels worldwide.
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