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Greece

Cultural sightseeing in Greece. What to visit - museums, temples, castles and palaces

Samos Ormos Marathokampos Greece is a country with an amazing culture and the greatest legacy. Annually, the state is visited by more than 20 million people. They all come here to touch and see the immortalized monuments and historical sights. The largest cities in the country are Athens and Thessaloniki. Athens is not only the capital, but also a cultural center. The city has about 200 museums and private galleries. The legendary Athens Acropolis annually attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists. Tours to the ancient cities of Delphi, Rhodes, Mystra, and Gortina on the island of Crete will be equally fascinating from a cultural point of view. A large number of Orthodox churches have survived in Greece. The monasteries of Meteora belong to the most famous.
Conditionally, the entire territory of Greece can be divided into three climatic zones. The Mediterranean climate dominates in the south of the …
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It’s almost impossible to visit all the museums of Athens during one trip, so rich the history of the country and its cultural heritage are. New Acropolis Museum is a must-see in the capital. It was specially built to store the unique Elmina Marbles, which are masterpieces of the ancient Greek art from the Athenian Acropolis. More than 20 thousand exhibits from prehistoric times are stored in the National Archaeological Museum of Athens. Sculptures, funerary masks, dishes, figurines, and funerary gifts are among the exhibits. The Byzantine Museum houses about 25 thousand exhibits of Christian art. The Museum of the Athenian Agora is located in the Stoic Attaly, built in the 2nd century BC. It displays various archaeological finds dating back to different eras. The museum of Cycladic culture contains objects of the everyday life and art of the civilization that existed 5 thousand years ago.
Athens Acropolis is one of the main monuments of the ancient Greek civilization. It is located on a 150-meter high rocky hill. That’s a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are more than 20 buildings created before our era. The Parthenon, the statue of Athena Parthenos, the theater of Dionysus, the temple of Nicky Ateros, and Hecatompedon are among them. The Temple of Olympian Zeus was built long before the onset of our era. According to a legend, it was founded on the site of the sanctuary of Deucalion, the forefather of the Greek people. The temple is located near the Acropolis. This place has the great value for the culture of the country. The Panathinaikos Stadium in Athens was built in the 4th century BC. The stadium constructed of white marble was the main arena for the Panathenaic Games. The stadium accommodated about 50 thousand people. The first Olympic Games of the modern era were held there. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
Greece has a fairly developed transport infrastructure. There are many airports in the country, most of which are international. Domestic airlines …
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In Thessaloniki, it's worth to look into the archaeological museum, which houses pre-historic artifacts and a large number of antiquities, including the golden head and the shield of the Medusa Gorgona. The museum dedicated to ancient Greek, Byzantine and post-Byzantine musical instruments has 200 different items that have been used for the last 4 thousand years. In the museum of Byzantine art, tourists can recreate a complete picture of the great state. Numerous Thessalonikan monuments of early Christian and Byzantine history are in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Arc de Triomphe of Galerius, the Basilica of Saint Dimitrios of the 3rd century, and the Church of Saint Sophia of the 7th century are among them. There is an acropolis in Thessaloniki with the remains of the ancient Greek temples.
Patras bridge (Rion-Antirion) The Rhodian fortress is one of the cult buildings of antiquity. The former is situated on the island of Rhodes, in the city of the same name. Once, one of the eight Wonders of the World - the Kolos of Rhodes - was there. For many hundreds of years, the Hospitallers of this impregnable fortress has been protecting it from the Muslims. You can also see the Rhodes acropolis, where the ruins of the temple of Apollo, the amphitheater, and the stadium are preserved. A large number of museums and historical monuments are found on the island of Crete, in the town of Heraklion. This place was named after the legendary Hercules. It is worth to visit the palace-temple in Knossos. This ancient city was the center of the Minoan civilization and the cult of Zeus.
Greece guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Greece

Reference information
Map of all art museums
Art galleries in Greece
♥   Art museum 'Archaeological Museum of Delos' Delos. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Archaeological Museum of Komotini' Komotini. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Archaeological Museum of Olympia' Olympia, Greece. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Archaeological Museum of Rhodes' Rhodes. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Archaeological Museum of Thera' Santorini. On the map   Photos
Map of all churches
Cathedrals and basilicas in Greece
♥   Armenian Church of St. Gregory the Illuminator, Athens. On the map   Photos
♥   Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Athens. On the map   Photos
♥   Cathedral of St. Nicolaos, Chios. On the map   Photos
♥   Cathedral of St. Jacob and Christopher, Corfu. On the map   Photos
♥   Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Thessaloniki. On the map   Photos
Map of all palaces
Palaces in Greece
♥   Palace 'Achilleion' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Mon Repos' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'New Royal Palace' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Old Royal Palace' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Palace of Saint Michael and Saint George' Corfu. On the map   Photos

Extreme Guinness-type places in Greece

Waterfront of Nafplion

From the series “The Most Beautiful Waterfronts and Embankments”
Greece small Nafplion town has an incredibly beautiful and outstanding embankment. It will steal your heart from the first sight. The atmosphere of this place is very romantic. The main decoration of the embankment are the old houses, built in Venetian style. From the embankment opens the great panorama view on the gulf. Also, you can see the Bourtzi Fortress. It has located on the island. This fortress is very outstanding and has the important place in the history of the town.

Waterfront of Nafplion is a real entertainment center in the open air. There you can find several restaurants and cafes. In the evening you can drink some glasses of vine in the bar or to dance in the club. In the daytime tourists can rent a boat and to make a sea voyage along the coastline. There is no minute … Read all

Saint Theoktisti Street

From the series “Top 13 Most Fantastic and Colorful Streets and Quarters”
The Greek island of Lesvos can boast the charming old town of Molyvos. Its central street is one of the most beautiful places not only in the country but in the world. The main decoration of this ancient cobbled street are wisterias. Because of them, the street shines with dozens of purple shades. When wisteria is in bloom, its magnificent trusses with flowers give pleasant shade. The cobbled street looks like a real fairytale tunnel.

Even on the hottest days, it's nice to walk along this street. There you can see many beautiful old buildings. Amazing shops and restaurants are on the first floors of some houses. They make a trip even more exciting. Molyvos is considered one of the most beautiful and picturesque cities of Lesvos. There, the old architecture was preserved as much as … Read all
All unique sightseeing Greece
Country maps Maps of Greece
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Car rental in Greece
Map of cities Cities map of Greece
Map of sights Map of sights in Greece

Thailand Wants to Resume Tourism by July 1

If Thailand reopens its borders by July 1, it can overperform other popular Asian destinations. The petition underlines that tourism can speed up the economic growth of the country and suggests implementing potential requirements for international tourists, such as proof of vaccination, health insurance purchase, a negative COVID-19 test, and so on. In 2019, tourism in Thailand was an industry worth approximately US$96.5 billion. Almost 40 million tourists visited the country in 2019, providing over 8 million people with jobs. Between two and four million of these people already lost their jobs due to travel restrictions. Read this

08.05.2021

Top cultural sites of Greece: monuments, theaters and churches

Cathedral of Athens, Athens

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Cathedral of Athens is the biggest church in the city; that's the most important Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Archbishop of Athens and all Greece.
» Construction of the cathedral began on the Christmas of 1842 and lasted 20 years. Consecration of the Cathedral in honor of the Annunciation took place on May 21, 1862 in the presence of the King and Queen of Greece.
» Marble of 72 destroyed churches was used for construction of the Cathedral.
» The Cathedral of Athens is the seat of the bishop of Athens and an important spiritual center of the Greek Orthodox Church.
» Today the temple is the venue for official ceremonies, coronations, weddings and funerals.

Church of Panagia Dexia, Thessaloniki

Location on the map:   Interesting facts: » There is a beautiful brick building near the Arc de Triomphe. It is called Panagia Dexia.
»  The modern church was built in 1956. It replaced the Byzantium Hypatius’s Church.
»  The facade of the religious building is decorated with columns placed near the central portal. The House of God is built of light blocks. The altar is faced with patterned tiles. Wall panels are covered with the bright art painting. It depicts saints and Biblical stories.
»  Pilgrims are attracted by the Icon of the Kikk's Mother of God. It is also called the Merciful as the Virgin begs Christ for preserving the human race. There is a belief that the Holy Scripture made by the Evangelist Luke was blessed by the Mother of God. It is considered that it is her in-life portrait.
»  The name of the church derives from Kykkos.
»  The miraculous painting traveled a lot until it found refuge on the island of Cyprus. It had been in the Orthodox community in Egypt and in Constantinople.
»  The picture depicts the Virgin holding the baby on the right (Dexia), which contradicts the tradition.

Church of the Holy Apostles, Athens

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Church of the Holy Apostles is one of the oldest Christian churches in Athens built in the 10th century.
» The Church of the Holy Apostles has paramount importance as it's the only monument of the Athenian agora (town square of Athens), which remained completely in its original form.
» The Church of the Holy Apostles consists of four columns supporting the dome over the cruciform building. Apart from the main temple, the church has two of the porch completed later making the shape of the church almost U-shaped.
» The northern narthex houses a sarcophagus, where the patron of the parish was probably buried; following the Byzantine tradition he and his relatives had the right to be buried in the temple.
» Other burials were found by archaeologists in the vestibule and on the yard of the church.

National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The National Archaeological Museum of Athens is the largest and one of the most interesting museums in Greece.
» Its permanent exhibition consists of more than 20 thousand items of different eras; its collection of ceramics and sculptures is considered one of the richest in the world.
» The museum's prehistory collection include vessels, figurines, ornaments, tools and weapons made of clay, stone and bone. These findings date back to 6800-3300 BC. In addition, there are museum exhibits of the Early and Middle Bronze Age.
» The collection of objects found during archaeological work on the island of Santorini, in particular in excavations of the ancient city of Akrotiri on Thera Island, is notable; the city was destroyed during an eruption of the volcano in the 14 century BC.
» The collection of sculptures includes single statues, sculptural groups, sarcophagi, busts and altars found in Greece and dating back to different historical epochs.
» The bronze collection includes statues, weapons, jewelry, pottery, working pieces, religious and funerary objects.

National Historical Museum, Athens

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» Construction of the National History Museum of Greece was completed in 1871.
» The Greek Parliament occupied the museum in the period from 1875 to 1932, and therefore the building is now often referred to as the Old Greek parliament.
» The museum houses a collection of the Historical Society of Greece. The exhibition includes items relating to the period from the fall of Constantinople in 1453 to World War II.
» Particular attention is given to Greek revolution and the further development of the modern Greek state.
» The museum features weapons, and personal memorabilia of famous historical figures, historical paintings by Greek and foreign artists, manuscripts, as well as a large collection of traditional costumes from different regions of Greece.

St. George Chapel, Athens

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Byzantine St. George Chapel is at the top of the Lycabettus Mountain located in the center of Athens. The mountain has a height of about 300 meters above sea level.
» The Chapel was built in the 11-12th century to commemorate power of the Byzantine Empire and Christianity in that period.
» The white shrine is a small single-nave church with a dome and the bell given by Queen Olga (wife of King George of Greece I); she has taken the church under her wing.
» In 1930, the church building has been severely damaged by fire, but a year later the church was restored and reopened for parishioners.
» The church can be reached on foot or by cable car.

Temple of Hephaestus, Athens

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Temple of Hephaestus is one of the best preserved ancient temples in Athens. It was built in 449-415 BC and was dedicated to the god Hephaestus. Hephaestus is the Greek god of fire, volcanoes and metal.
» Construction of the temple of Hephaestus was begun in 449 BC.
»  Temple of Hephaestus in Athens was the first temple built of marble.
»  In the 7th century AD Orthodox priests converted the temple of Hephaestus to the Church of St. George.
» The length of the temple is almost 32 meters, and width is almost 14 meters. Not only all 34 columns of the Temple, but the roof has survived miraculously.

Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Temple of Olympian Zeus is the largest temple in Greece.
» The length of the temple was 96 meters and the width was 40 meters.
» Construction of the temple began in the 6th century BC and ended only in the 2nd century BC.
» The temple had 104 17-meter towers, but only 15 of them have survived to this day. Sixteenth columns fell to the ground during a storm in 1852 and still lie there.
» The first temple was excavated in 1889-1896; further work was carried out by German and Greek archaeologists. Today the ruins of the temple are hardly the main historical attractions of Athens.

Culture and monuments in popular cities of Greece

Athens
Fans of exciting excursions should definitely see the exhibits in Acropolis Museum. You will find here a rich collection of unique and precious historical artifacts. Among the religious sites of this place Kesariani Monastery certainly deserves special attention. There are several springs on its territory; local buildings and the old cathedral always strike visitors by their unique architecture and unusual decoration of premises. You can see a collection of ancient frescoes in the cathedral. … Read more
Naxos
Everyone can walk through the area of the significant archeological value and enjoy the majestic construction of marble and stone. The port area is domineered with a high hill which is a location of a beautiful Venetian fortress. Near the mighty fortress which has excellently survived till nowadays tourists will find beautiful mansions and palaces. A few centuries ago these mansions were owned by the representatives of local aristocracy. The outer walls of the mansions form a massive fortifying … Read more
Chania
Vacationers are recommended to start exploring city's attractions with scenic Plateia Santrivani. Near the square there is the great Janissaries Mosque that has survived to this day in its original form. A walk through the Topanas district will give a lot of impressions; buildings dating back to of Venetian rule are represented here. Walking through the winding streets of the quarter, you can go to the beautiful Firkas fortress. Its powerful walls provide unforgettable panoramic view of the … Read more
Rethymno
The history of the monastery is rather interesting as a while ago it was a significant cultural establishment, thereafter the monastery played a great role in the War of Greek Independence. The monastery building has been well preserved till present days, today its building is open to public and anyone can walk along its spacious halls and picturesque enclosed courts. The Chrisoskalitissa Monstery which name is interpreted as “golden steps” is located on the top of one of the high rocks. … Read more
Mykonos City
The guests of the island should necessarily visit the Monastery of the Panagia Tourliani which is among the most significant historical landmarks of the island. The monastery was established in 1580. The landmark is presented with an architectural complex of ultimate beauty. The walls of the monastery are painted snow white and the building is crowned with vermilion cupolas and elegant turrets. The monastery keeps the most precious religious relic being the ancient icon stand with miniatures of … Read more
Thessaloniki
The Church of Saint Demetrius is one of the most remarkable religious sites of the city of Thessaloniki. The first religious construction on a place of the church was erected in the 5th century. However it stood only for two centuries and was badly damaged with a powerful earthquake. Afterwards the construction was many times restored and ruined each time significantly changing its look. The last reconstruction took place in the first part of the 20th century after the next natural disaster. … Read more
Agios Nikolaos
Platia Eleftheriou Venizelou is the main square of the city. The main religious attraction of Agios Nikolaos, a beautiful church, is located on it. The building was completely reconstructed in 1980, and today its inner hall is decorated with skillful painting in the Byzantine style. Among the cultural institutions of the city we should definitely mention the local ethnographic museum, which is located not far away from the shopping street. Archaeological Museum is also worth your closest … Read more
Kos
Another important attraction is Agora, a historical region where ruins of buildings of different eras have preserved. Here you can see the surviving fragments of ancient Greek temples, ruins of prehistoric forums and beautiful mosaics, as well as fragments of the Christian basilica built in the 5th century. Agora is not the only monument of ancient times; visitors should definitely see the ruins on the Grigoriu street. The ruins of Mycenaean buildings, 17 fully restored columns, prehistoric … Read more

Greece map of cultural and historical sites

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