Sources of mono-religion. The Surviving Artifacts of Jewish Civilization
The Temple Mount, the Wailing Wall, and the streets of old Jerusalem are unique attractions of the Jewish civilization that are known around the world. For thousands of years, they have been at the center of devastating wars and have experienced a lot of natural, military, and social catastrophes. However, some artifacts of the Jewish civilization managed to survive unchanged to the present day. Today, they are objects of worship for pilgrims from around the world. Ruins of ancient cities, sacred parts of Jerusalem, and old churches that are hiding priceless relics, attract a huge interest. Not only adherents of Judaism would like to visit these unique historical objects, but also anyone interested in the history and culture of the ancient world.
Temple Mount, Israel
Perhaps, one of the best known and most visited monuments of Jewish civilization is the Temple Mount. That’s a great area located in the Old City of Jerusalem. This sight was built on a hill. It is enclosed by a stone wall that reaches the height of 45 meters. The first mention of this place dates back to the 10th century BC. For many years, this area is researched by archaeologists who manage to discover new artifacts.
Scientists believe that even more ancient settlements existed there, and buildings serve as an evidence of that. For people who adhere Judaism, the Temple Mount continues to be one of the most sacred places in the world. The first Temple in Jerusalem was originally settled in this area; now there is the second temple. In the immediate vicinity, there are many places of worship, including the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque.
The history of the square base is very amazing and is inextricably linked with the name of King David. According to the legend, he bought the plot of land from the Jebusites Aravani and subsequently raised a first altar dedicated to the God of Israel. The first temple was built there already during the reign of King Solomon. It lasted for more than 400 years. Hundreds of years ago, there has been a legislative center and the Supreme Court. During hundreds of years, the sacred buildings located on the Temple Mount, were repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt. Today, it, like thousands of years ago, attracts pilgrims from all over the world. The sight features the unique atmosphere of peace and tranquility. Next - Tomb of Aaron
Tomb of Aaron, Jordan
Another sacred object that is amazing from the historical point of view is the tomb of Aaron that travelers can visit in Jordan. This monument is located near the city of Petra, in a remote mountainous area. A special physical training is not required to get to the top of the mountain. The Islamic sanctuary, which is located there, is known since the 14th century. According to historical records, it was built on the ruins of an ancient church of the time of Justinian the Great. Complete article
Cave of Patriarchs, Israel
In Judaism, the second holiest place after the Temple Mount is the Cave of the Patriarchs, also known as the Cave of Machpelah. It’s located in the historic crypt of Hebron. According to the biblical tradition, Isaac, Abraham, Jacob, and their spouses are buried there. Directly above the cave, a very beautiful monumental building stands. Its height is 12 meters. The exact construction date is unknown. According to the available data, it hadn’t have a roof previously. Complete article
Babylon Ruins, Iraq
People who practice Judaism and show interest in the culture of the ancient world, will like to visit the ruins of the ancient city of Babylon. This city was founded more than 5 000 years ago. It was one of the largest cities in ancient Mesopotamia. For hundreds of years, Babylon remained the most important political, economic, and cultural center. Today, you can see the ruins of one of the oldest cities in the world near Al Hillah. Babylon was destroyed as early as the 1000 BC. However, the ruins of this ancient city do not cease to amaze with their greatness. Complete article
City of David, Israel
The City of David is the historic district of Jerusalem, located near the Temple Mount. According to the legend, this is where King David built his first palace, around which the city was formed later. Today, visitors can see the ruins of old buildings, as well as the surviving fragments of city walls that surrounded the settlement back in the Bronze Age. Complete article
Wailing Wall, Israel
One of the greatest shrines of Judaism, located outside the territory of the Temple Mount, is the Wailing Wall. It is a part of the preserved ancient wall that thousands of years ago has surrounded the Temple Mount. The length of the surviving fragment is 57 meters. The rest of the wall was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD. For more than a thousand years, the Wailing Wall has been a symbol of hope and faith for people who practice Judaism. Complete article
Tel Beer Sheva, Israel
Another amazing religious shrine that is important from the historical point of view is the ancient city of Tel Beer Sheva located in the southern part of Israel. Researchers have discovered it relatively recently, in the 70s of the last century. The oldest of the finds dates back to the 4th century BC. Findings relating to the 2nd century BC are much more interesting. They indicate that there was a large village, whose residents had knowledge and skills that were outstanding for that age. Complete article
Tomb of Zechariah, Israel
In the Kidron Valley, close to the Temple Mount, there is a unique object, the tomb of Zechariah. It was built during the time of the Second Temple. That’s one of the few monuments of the architecture that has been preserved to this day in its original form. The tomb is carved in the rock. That’s an equilateral cube, whose height is about 12.5 meters. According to Jewish tradition, this tomb belongs to the prophet Zechariah. As many other objects of the Kidron Valley, it is an important place of pilgrimage. Complete article
Well of Jacob, Palestine
In Nablus, tourists will have an opportunity to visit the amazing sight, the old well, which have been associated by Jews with the name Jacob for more than 2 000 years. This well was found not far from the archaeological area of Tel-Balat. It is quite deep; the rock-cut pit is 35 meters roughly estimated. According to the biblical writings, here Jesus met the Samaritan woman, which is described in the Gospel of John. Complete article
Oak of Mamre, Palestine
There are also quite unusual among the Jewish holy places. A great example is the Oak of Mamre. A nice biblical legend tells about this old tree. According to it, Abraham was talking to God there. For these reasons, a unique tree is also known under the name Oak of Abraham. If this tree has really managed to survive to the present day, the oak has to be about 5 000 years old. Complete article