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Zendo and peace. The Surviving Artifacts of Buddhist Civilization

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Ancient temples, stupas, unique archaeological areas, and centennial sculptures strike with their grandeur. These objects simply can not remain outside the focus of modern travelers. The Buddhist culture has always attracted an attention of even those who are far from understanding its foundations. There are thousands of objects of Buddhist culture in the world. If some of them are quite young, the other’s age is more than two thousand years. A huge number of pilgrims attend these sites every year. They are also popular among ordinary tourists who want to visit the most unusual sights of the world. This review embraces the most amazing artifacts of Buddhist civilization. An acquaintance with them will give a lot of unforgettable impressions.

Maya Devi Temple, Nepal

A large part of world-famous Buddhist shrines is located in Nepal. The legendary temple of Maya Devi is among them. This modest temple is the greatest Buddhist landmark. It was built in the place, where according to legend, Buddha was born. The story tells that Maya Devi was walking along the beautiful tree-lined grove, when her labor pains began. She bathed in a nearby pond and gave birth to a son under the Bodhi tree. The tree and the sacred pool can be seen in the vicinity of the temple.

Maya Devi Temple, Nepal Pilgrims and curious tourists will be able to stroll through the picturesque garden set on the site of the legendary groves. In the immediate vicinity of the temple, there is another prominent attraction, the Ashoka pillar. The area of Maya Devi Temple is very valuable from an archaeological point of view. Here, researchers have found ruins of ancient monasteries and stupas, as well as Buddhist sculptures, which can be seen in the National Museum of Kathmandu.

The beautiful temple of Maya Devi is a part of a complex of Lumbini. Its main value is the ancient memorial stone that depicts the birth of Buddha. Lumbini is one of the most important pilgrimage centers in the world. It is visited by thousands of pilgrims every year. The first temple on the site of the birth of Buddha has been built in prehistoric times. The building that can be seen today, was built on the site of the old temple ruins. During archaeological works, researchers carefully restored remains of early Buddhist buildings that now attract an attention of everyone. Next - Erdene Zuu Monastery

Erdene Zuu Monastery, Mongolia

Erdene Zuu Monastery, Mongolia Survived ancient monasteries in Mongolia attract huge interest. The monastery of Erdene Zuu is considered special among them. In fact, Erdene Zuu Monastery is the temple complex consisting of three separate buildings that are excellent examples of Tibetan, Mongolian, and Chinese architecture. The monastery was founded in the late 16th century. Since then, it has been carrying one constant name. Originally, more than 10 000 lamas were living there. Complete article

Bodhi Tree, India

Bodhi Tree, India A lot of amazing Buddhist sites can be seen in India. A legendary Bodhi tree is among them. This is not just a natural attraction, but a unique historical object, which is associated with many incredible legends and historical facts. It’s believed that Buddha was born under this tree. Later he attained enlightenment there. Complete article

Mahaparinirvana and Parinirvana Stupa Temple, India

Mahaparinirvana and Parinirvana Stupa Temple, India Mahaparinirvana temple and Parinirvana Stupa are located in the Indian city of Kushinagar. These sights are usually regarded as a single point of interest, as they are very near to each other. The small town of Kushinagar is one of the most important pilgrimage sites in the world. According to the legends, it is here that Gautama Buddha attained parinirvana. Heyday of the town came in the 5-3 century BC. During the reign of King Ashoka, multiple viharas and stupas were built on its territory. Complete article

Egituysky Datsan, Russia

Egituysky Datsan, Russia Many important religious sites are located in Russia. Egituysky datsan is in the Republic of Buryatia, near the village of Egita. It was built in 1826. The main gem of the datsan is the Zandan Zhuu statue, Buddha made of sandalwood. According to a legend, it is the only statue made in Shakyamuni Buddha's lifetime. Its age is more than 2 500 years. Complete article

Alkhanay National Park, Russia

Alkhanay National Park, Russia Alkhanay National Park is one of the youngest in Russia, it was founded in 1999. The park occupies an area of ​​over 138 hectares. It is famous not only for its unique landscapes and outstanding spiritual treasures. Here, aside of Christian relics, you can see Buddhist shrines. A visit will be complemented with walks along the fabulously beautiful places. Complete article

Yumbulagang Monastery, China

Yumbulagang Monastery, China Many admirers of Buddhism visit Tibet year by year, as it is famous for its unique religious and architectural monuments. Here is the ancient Yumbulagang monastery. Its name literally translates as the Holy Palace of Mother and Son. This monastery was built over 2 000 years ago on the banks of the Yarlung River. That’s a magnificent four-tiered structure, the last tier of which is the main temple. Complete article

Longmen Grottoes Temple, China

Longmen Grottoes Temple, China One of the most spectacular sights is the Buddhist Longmen Grottoes Temple located in the Chinese province of Henan. It is an incredibly beautiful complex of several hundreds of caves, which have been cut within the limestone rocks at the shore of Yihe River. Besides caves, statues of Buddhist deities, images of the monks, as well as other interesting reliefs typical for Buddhist culture are carved in the rocks. Complete article

Bagan Ancient City, Myanmar

Bagan Ancient City, Myanmar Archaeological Area of Bagan is located in Myanmar. It can also be listed among outstanding Buddhist attractions. Once upon a time there was a flourishing city of Bagan. It was the capital of the eponymous state. The ruins were discovered by archaeologists quite recently. The main jewels of these places are ancient stupas and pagodas, which were restored during the excavation. Some stupas are fairly large. All interested can enter into them. Complete article

Bulguksa Monastery, South Korea

Bulguksa Monastery, South Korea In South Korea, the first Buddhist monuments began to appear at the end of the 4th century. In the last fifteen hundred years, more than 10 000 temples have been built in the country. Some ancient buildings managed to survive so far. The unique monastery Bulguksa, which is considered a landmark of world importance, is among them. This monastery is located near the city of Gyeongju. For some reason, it’s one of the most attractive for ordinary tourists. Complete article
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