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Croatia

Cultural sightseeing in Croatia. What to visit - museums, temples, castles and palaces

Croatia is not only a fashionable resort for beach holidays. There are various museums and monuments, ancient castles and fortresses in the country. Most of the museums are located in the capital city, Zagreb. One of the largest and most interesting is the Mimara Art Museum with a collection of world-class art. The museum features works by famous artists Van Goyen, Velasquez, Goya, Manet, Degas, Renoir, Delacroix, Lebrun, and Lorren. In the Modern Gallery in Zagreb, visitors will be able to visit exhibitions that feature more than 10 thousand works of 19-20 centuries, mainly by Balkan artists. There are about 400 artifacts in the archaeological museum, among which the world's only flax book of the ancient world can be seen. In an unusual museum of broken hearts, tourists will be able to see an exhibition of objects that once belonged to separated couples.
The best hideaways for couples in love, as well as top hotels for wedding and honeymoon.
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Split is one of the oldest cities in Croatia, so travelers can not only visit the most amazing museums, but also get acquainted with architectural monuments. One of the main attractions of the city is the palace of the Roman emperor Diocletian, built in the 3rd century. The palace occupies an area of ​​about 3 hectares. The temple of Jupiter, several ceremonial halls, and a mausoleum survived to these days. Buildings were constructed of brick and faced with white marble. The facade was decorated with sphinxes, which were specially brought from Egypt. The ruins of the ancient city of Salon, founded in the 4th century BC, are in the suburbs of Split. In the Museum of Croatian archaeological monuments you can see a huge number of exhibits that date back to ancient times, including sculptures, whose age is more than ten centuries.
A lot of discoveries await at the Istrian peninsula, which is one of the most popular resorts. A huge number of monuments of architecture is located in the largest city of the peninsula, Pula. The city was founded by ancient Romans. An amphitheater that was built 2 thousand years ago, has perfectly survived there. It still hosts major events and concerts. In Porec, it is worth to visit the Euphrasian basilica, built in the 6th century, and the ancient Roman temple of Neptune. Otherwise, tourists may just stroll through the streets of the downtown. The old part of Rovinj that is rich in monuments of Romanesque style, is worth a look too. The city museum is set in a beautiful building in the Baroque style. An amazing exhibition is represented at the premises of the Franciscan Monastery. One of the most recognizable cities in Croatia is Dubrovnik, which is known for the old part of the city located on the steep shore of the Adriatic Sea. The central part for walks is Stradun Street, which is lined with limestone. There are numerous shops and sights on it. It is worth to visit the Princely Palace, built in the 15th century. The mansion is designed in a mixed Gothic and Renaissance style; the building has very impressive bas-reliefs. Another monumental structure of the old part of Dubrovnik is the Franciscan monastery of the 14th century, which has a rich courtyard. Next to it, there is the Great Fountain of Onofrio, which was a part of the water supply in the old city. Dubrovnik has numerous amazing museums. One of them is Rupe Ethnographic Museum, located in the building of a huge granary. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
Hotels in Croatia are among the most stylish in Europe. They are affected by the neighborhood with Italy, the capital of the world fashion. …
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The archaeological museum in Zadar is one of the largest in Dalmatia. Its exposition consists of three parts. The ground floor of the building features collections of the Middle Ages; the second has a collection of the times of the Roman Empire, and the third displays art of prehistoric times. The collection of the Roman Empire embraces weapons of the Roman army, household items, and statues. Another cultural center of the country is the city of Rijeka. It contains a large number of historical attractions, such as the leaning tower of the Venetian building, the Capuchin Church, the Modello Palace, and the old Roman gate. Tourists will find it interesting to visit the Pomor Museum and the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art.
Croatia guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Croatia

Reference information
Map of all art museums
Art galleries in Croatia
♥   Art museum 'Art Pavilion' Zagreb. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Gallery of Fine Arts' Split. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Gliptoteka' Zagreb. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Ivan Meštrović Gallery' Split. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Klovićevi dvori' Zagreb. On the map   Photos
Map of all churches
Cathedrals and basilicas in Croatia
♥   Katedrala Majke Tereze, Pristina. On the map   Photos
♥   Katedrala Blažene Djevice Marije, Trebinje. On the map   Photos
♥   Crkva sv. Nikole, Ston. On the map   Photos
♥   Katedrala sv. Marka, Korčula. On the map   Photos
♥   Crkva sv. Stjepana, Stari Grad. On the map   Photos
♥   Svetište Kraljice Mira, Međugorje. On the map   Photos
♥   Katedrala sv. Marka, Makarska. On the map   Photos
Map of all palaces
Palaces in Croatia
♥   Palace 'Diocletian’s Palace' . On the map   Photos

Extreme Guinness-type places in Croatia

Aerodrom Zeljava

From the series “Famous Abandoned Military Bases and Forts”
A unique military facility is the Zhelyava air base, located in Croatia. It was built on the border with Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1968. The construction of the unique underground airfield took 20 years and cost more than 6 billion US dollars. For comparison, it can be said that today's defense expenditure of Serbia and Croatia is only about two billion.

At the time of construction, the underground air base Zeljava was one of the most expensive and largest military projects in Europe. During the Yugoslavian war in 1991, the air base was actively used. By 1992 it had been destroyed by the Yugoslav army. At the moment, Croatia does not have any funds for the reconstruction of the military complex, although part of the air base is still owned by the Croatian army.

According to the international … Read all

Pulska Arena

From the series “Ancient Amphitheaters and Arenas, That Are Still Operational”
In Croatia, the most famous and well-preserved amphitheater is to be found in Pula. The construction of the ancient monument had been lasting more than forty years and was completed in 68 AD. Nowadays, it is a permanent venue for theatrical performances, military ceremonies, public gatherings and enchanting concerts. The antique monument is perfectly preserved to this day. All three Roman orders and four towers have miraculously survived. In scale the largest amphitheater in Pula takes the sixth place in the world.

Limestone served as the main building material for the construction of external arenas. Their height is 29.4 meters. Originally, the theater could accommodate up to 23000 spectators. In the 5th century, when gladiatorial battles were banned, the arena gradually fell into … Read all
All unique sightseeing Croatia
Country maps Maps of Croatia
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Car rental in Croatia
Map of cities Cities map of Croatia

Expo 2020 in Dubai Was Visited by More Than 7 Million Visitors

If you haven’t visited this event yet, there is still time to book a hotel in Dubai because Expo 2020 Dubai runs until 31 March 2022. People who are unable to visit the emirate can make a virtual tour on the Expo 2020 website. By the way, the virtual visitation has already reached 31.6 million by the end of December. Read this

26.09.2022

Top cultural sites of Croatia: monuments, theaters and churches

Dominican monastery, Dubrovnik

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» There is the Dominican Monastery in the eastern district of the city. It had been built for several centuries. It is one of the fortifications.
» All the laymen of the city contributed much to the construction by making donations for the temple.
» The earthquake of 1667 damaged the building much.
» The small part of the lodge built in the 15th century is decorated as a garden.
» The monastery includes a working museum. It presents the collection of paintings dating back to the 14th century. One of them depicts the patron of the city, Blaise, holds the miniature of the city of the 16th century in his hands.
» There are many three-arch windows. The construction has three arched doorways along its length. The outer walls are not decorated. There are multiple holes and niches in the inner walls, stone pieces of furniture, gravestones, and a carved stand for reading the Scripture.
» The chapel of the 14th century and the library have been preserved. There are also the first print editions in Europe.
» The monastery is also famous for the crucifix and the wall fresco above the main altar.
» In the patio, there is a garden and a stone Gothic well.
» There is an art gallery at the site of the old chapel. It presents modern paintings.

Dubrovnik Cathedral, Dubrovnik

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» In 1981, the masonry of the older building was found during the restoration of Saint Mary’s Cathedral. After studying architectural features, researchers concluded that the building date back to the 6th-8th century. This proves that there was a developed settlement at the site of modern Dubrovnik.
» The cathedral resembles the Latin cross (the vertical line is longer the horizontal one). 3 prolonged rooms are crowned with a painted dome. New annexes are attached to the halls.
» The precious values here is the painting of Tiziano (1552) and canvases of the 16th-18th centuries.
» St. Blaise (the Christian martyr) is the patron of the city. His remains are resting in the cathedral. There is also the part of the cross from Golgotha, on which Jesus was tortured.
» The building belonged to the Dubrovnik Republic. It was unlocked with keys that different people in power had.
» In the cathedral, there are unusual paintings of Christ, for example, one of them depicts him on the back of the donkey.
» Three domes seen from afar are very interesting.
» The treasury of the House of God presents the collection that includes 200 religious artifacts.
» The temple is open for visitors.

Franciscan monastery, Dubrovnik

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Franciscan Monastery is the complex of churches. Originally, the buildings were located beyond the city. Monks moved outside the walls of the city due to frequent military conflicts.
» The new monastery started to be built in 1317. It was destroyed by a strong earthquake. Only the southern entrance was not damaged. Then, the building was restored.
» The part of the arched wall depicts the Virgin Mary mourning Jesus. She is surrounded by saints. God the Father is above her.
» There is the sculpture of risen Christ above the central altar in the room. The podium is framed with patterned marble columns.
» In the church, there are the ashes of the South Slavic poet, Ivan Gundulic.
» In the Franciscan Monastery, there are closed bypass galleries. There are 120 octagonal pillars in one of them. Their peaks are different: the head of a man, an animal, or a flower.
» In the center, there is a fountain with sculptures of St. Francis.
» The second part of the cloister is living quarters.
» There are also a pharmacy and a library. Its collection includes over 70 thousand books. There are 1200 books of historical value. The monastery museum presents liturgical items and jewels.

Rector Palace, Dubrovnik

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Rector’s Palace is the residence of princes. Traditionally, the great person lived and worked here all the time. It was forbidden to leave the residence for personal purposes. The stamped inscription above the entrance says the same, “...serve only the state”.
» For a full-fledged activity, there were rooms for the nobles and servants, as well as premises services as a conference hall or a courtroom.
» Near them, there was a dungeon and a warehouse for ammunition and weapons.
» On the top floor where the prince lived, the keys to the city gate were kept. He locked it at night and unlocked in the morning himself. The rite symbolized the safety of citizens.
» In the east wing, there was a court chapel and a guardhouse. Their windows have a view of the sea. Here, you can see preserved pieces of furniture of that time and antique items and paintings.
» The royal residence is a single-storey building with four annexes. They surround a patio. It is linked with the other courtyard where the monument to the sailor of the Republican period is placed by the gallery.
» Classical music concerts are held in the atrium.
» Today, the palace serves as a museum. The Rector’s Palace was built in the 15th century.

Saint Blaise Church, Dubrovnik

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The gilded statue of Saint Blaise was cast in the 15th century and placed on the roof of the cathedral named after him. He holds the miniature of the city in his hands. He was exalted in 971.
» According to the chronicles, the priest had the vision of Saint Bacchus who came as an elder with a long waiving beard. He held a rod in his hands and wore a high miter. The prophet warned about the attack of the sneaky Venetians wanting to conquer the city.
» Blaise had been declared the defender and patron of the city since that time. You can see his profile on banknotes, city stamps, and the republican flag.
» On the day of his worship, 3 February, there is the festive procession of worshipers with icons, crosses and the box with the bones of the saint who died in agony for his faith.
» In 1715, the facade was made in the baroque style that features pretentious architectural elements. The entrance is a wide staircase. The dome has the shape of a huge half-sphere. Stained glass windows give an unusual light.
» Near the main altar, there is an organ surrounded by paintings and icons in gilded frames. They depict the saints.

Sponza Palace, Dubrovnik

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» At different times, the palace served not only as the prince’s residence. It served as a treasury, a customs house, a school. Here, coins were minted, people of art held literary meetings. It also served the needs of the bank.
» Today, there is the archive of national importance on the ground level. Precious historical documents dating back to the 12th century are kept here. Over a hundred thousand papers tell about business relations with other countries.
» In the local museum in the palace, there is an exhibition that tells about tragic events during the defense of the city in 1990.
» There is the statue of the rich sailor (the 17th century) in front of the entrance. He made his will for the republic.
» Annual summer festivals have already become a tradition.
» The palace built in 1522 is a big rectangular building with a patio. The facade is decorated with sculptures and relief masonry. On one of the walls, you can see a medallion with twisted initial letters of the name of Christ.
» It is suggested that the building was built at the place where the rainwater accumulates in the special vessel. It is called Spongia, which means “porous”.

Culture and monuments in popular cities of Croatia

Dubrovnik
Among the religious sites that are worth noting is Church of St. Blasius, which is named after the first patron of Dubrovnik. Blasius constantly saved citizens of the city from aggressors, warned merchants and rulers of the plans of enemies. Even nowadays local residents devote many national holidays to their patron saint, honoring this amazing person, who lived here in the 10th century. Loggia Square is the location of a beautiful church named after St Vlach. Fine stained glass windows are the … Read more
Split
Among other palace buildings the Peristyle is noteworthy; it is a monument of the Roman Empire. It is a large rectangular courtyard surrounded by tall pillars; the large-scale building was used for ceremonies. Nearby is the so-called Hall - a beautiful round hall with a dome, which was used as an entrance to apartments of the emperor. In the tiny historic town there is the Temple of Jupiter; in the Middle Ages it was converted into a Christian church. Surprisingly, the building has escaped … Read more
Hvar
Next to the cathedral there is the Bishop's Palace. This historic building was once converted into an interesting museum. It holds a rich collection of objects of church utensils and fine jewelry. On the square in front of the cathedral there is another interesting historical object, the city well, which has remained the main source of fresh water for local residents for many years. Despite the fact that now the island doesn’t strive of fresh water shortage, locals still treat old wells with … Read more
Zadar
St. Anastasia Cathedral is a striking religious monument. The construction of the church made in the Romanesque style was completed in the 12th century. Right after the opening in the cathedral has become home to an important religious artifact - the relics of St. Anastasia. The priceless relic is still kept in the cathedral, and every year thousands of pilgrims come there to bow to the artifact. The center of the city is the location of Narodni trg, which is surrounded by buildings of … Read more
Zagreb
Stone Gate is an interesting architectural monument, which is the only surviving part of the old defensive structure. The gate was built in the 13th century and acted as an entrance to Hradec – a small town, which later became a part of Zagreb. In 1731 virtually all residential buildings and fortifications were destroyed by fire, so only one of the five stone gates managed to survive. Tourists should definitely not forget to visit Croatian Sabor. The construction of the Serbian parliament … Read more
Porec
Center of historical district is beautiful Marafor Square, near it there are debris of ancient Roman forum. One of the main city’s symbols is Eufrazijeva Bazilika. It is beautiful monument of Byzantine Empire time which is the sight of worldwide importance. Unique medieval buildings are kept in Porec, among them there are three towers – Pentagonal, Semicircular and Round. They were built in the first half of 15th century, every tower is noted for originality of architectural forms. There … Read more
Rovinj
Near the basilica tourists will find another remarkable construction being the Church of the Holy Trinity. It has been preserved in its initial look till present days. Its building presents a unique fusion of Romanic and Gothic styles. At present time this church hosts an art gallery, where tourists find and observe works of local artists. The age-old Church of Our Mother of Mercy is the next recommended landmark to visit during Rovinj exploration. An exact date of the church establishment is … Read more
Opatija
A religious landmark of a later period is the Church of Annunciation. Its building was constructed in the beginning of the 20th century. The church features a unique architectural style and interesting design of inner premises. A significant symbol of the city is the statue of the Maiden with the seagull. The statue ornaments the city from the middle of the 20th century and is among the most significant tourist attractions. A must visit tourist destination in the city of Opatija is the Villa … Read more

Croatia map of cultural and historical sites

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