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Excursion tour in Barcelona. Top architecture - monuments, castles, temples and palaces

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Museu Nacional d Art de Catalunya, Torre Agbar, Casa Mila, Olympic Stadium, and Hospital de Sant Pau are the next landmarks in the review. Just like in the beginning of the review, we have prepared a collection of historic facts and some awesome photographs for each of these top architecture monuments of Barcelona. Don’t forget to admire the look of these sights from a bird’s eye view. This view is available in the flyover video of the architectural skyline of Barcelona. After such a guide, it won’t be a hassle to make up a great plan of a real-life excursion tour in Barcelona. Ready, steady, go!

Museu Nacional d Art de Catalunya, Barcelona

» Museu Nacional d Art de Catalunya was created by merger of the collections of the Museum of Modern Art and the Museum of Art of Catalonia.
» The Romanesque Collection of the museum is considered one of the most complete in the world. It was formed on the basis of the unique Romanesque frescoes department; they are exposed at an appropriate architectural background.
» That’s the largest museum of Catalonia and the most important center of Spanish painting in the world.
» The museum is located at the foot of Montjuic at the National Palace built in 1929.
» If you delve into the history, then you can see that this museum was opened in 1934. However, the Spanish Civil War affected the activities of the museum, and the later was closed after having existed for only about two years.

Torre Agbar, Barcelona

» The height of the building is 145 meters. Alain Robert, known as Spiderman, climbed into the building Oct. 9, 2007.
» The water with bizarre outlines of Montserrat rock massif close to the town and the bell tower of the Cathedral of the Holy Family has inspired architects on creating this form.
» Torre Agbar is equipped with light sensors inside the space, which open and close the blinds as needed, thereby saving considerable energy. At the same time it serves as a window for natural ventilation.
» Agbar Tower is the building with a special double front. The facade of the tower consists of two layers. The first layer is thick concrete shell, and a second layer is a system of translucent glass blinds fixed at arm's length.
» The cost of the project amounted to more than 130 million euros.

Casa Mila, Barcelona

» The second name of Casa Mila is La Pedrera.
» There are the famous sculptural figures, simultaneously acting as ventilation shafts and chimneys on the roof. The construction features lots of steps and views of Barcelona.
» Everything here meanders, bends and floats perfectly as a living organism. Casa Mila is anywhere from the building, to the ocean and the forest. It’s impossible to describe it, so you can only go and see.
» Casa Mila has no load-bearing walls, which means that plan of apartment is to the discretion of owners.
» Gaudi himself said about his work, “... the corners will disappear, and the matter will appear generous in its astral circularity, the sun will come here from all four sides and the image of paradise will appear there ... so my palace will be brighter than light.”
»  Perhaps the house is lovely; that's the best and most complete expression of the architectural concept of the nature of loyalty professed by Gaudi. It's kind of a man-made mountain with caves that open on the front spreading a powerful vitality.

Olympic Stadium, Barcelona

» Olympic Stadium is the multi-sport stadium in Barcelona that was the main arena of the Summer Olympic Games in 1992.
» The stadium is named in honor of Lluis Companys, the President of Catalonia during the Spanish Civil War.
» For the first time the Olympic Games were to be held at the stadium in 1936, as an alternative to the Olympic Games, organized by the Nazis in Berlin.
» The day before the opening of the Olympic Games (17 July) there was the signal for a coup organized by General Franco. That’s the well-known phrase, ‘Above all Spain cloudless sky.’
»  Many years later, when the Olympic Games were held in Barcelona in 1992, the central part of the sports arena at Montjuic became the main venue of the Olympic Games. Olympic ring, raised here, included the most important and impressive sports facilities.

Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

» The Hospital de Sant Pau is the hospital complex in Barcelona designed by the Catalan modernist architect Lluis Domenech i Montaner. In 1997, the unique complex was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
» Although the current building dates back to the 20th century, the Hospital de Sant Pau was founded in 1401 by combining the six medieval Barcelona's hospitals. In 1991 it was awarded with the cross of St. George by the Government of Catalonia.
» The complex consists of a main building and 27 pavilions. All the buildings are connected by underground passages adapted for transportation of patients.
» Names of the best doctors in the hospital from the very beginning are seen on tiles on the facade of the main building.
» Symbols of apostles were used in design of the hospital. For example, the bull is the slowest animal, and the lion is more spiritual, but not yet capable to understand the idea of God.
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