The city is located not far away from Venice. This is a magnificent resort, which has gained popularity among tourists long ago. The territory of the modern city has got its first inhabitants yet in the prehistoric times. This fact is proven by numerous archaeological finds. However, first mentions of the city are found only in the 1st century AD. At that time Emperor Otto II started a construction of a beautiful castle here. Nowadays the ruins of this castle are considered one of major sites.
During its long history Udine has experienced many tragic events. The rulers of the city were changed repeatedly. This place was ruled by the Turks and then by noble Italian families. Only in the second half of the 19th century the city officially became the part of the Italian kingdom. Such rich history couldn’t have failed to leave a trace on the architecture and culture of Udine. Nowadays you can see numerous monuments and buildings that remind of important historical events.
Piazza della Liberta Square is the favorite place for walking. It is surrounded by picturesque buildings from the beginning of the 19th century. The biggest art gallery in the city named Arcado di San Giovanni is located near the square. The gallery exhibits priceless items made in 16th - 18th centuries. Among the medieval buildings we should definitely mention Galleria di Storia ed Arte Antica Castle, which is in a really great condition. The halls of the castle provide space for exhibitions of two museums. Museum of Ancient Art exhibits a rich collection of archaeological finds, among which are a collection of figurines and jewelry. Museum of History is full of interesting facts and details related to the development of the city and its rulers. Among the oldest religious buildings we should definitely mention the local Cathedral, which is a unique combination of Gothic and Romanism styles. The famous artist Tiepolo has worked over the design of the halls. The frescoes of this church amaze visitors for centuries.