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Great Britain

Cultural sightseeing in Great Britain. What to visit - museums, temples, castles and palaces

The keep England is one of the most ancient monarchic states. There is a huge number of landmarks, museums, and historical sights. The most famous museum of the country is the British Museum in London. It was founded in the middle of the 18th century. Today, it’s inferior in attendance only to the French Louvre. A spectacular building in the style of classicism was built in the 19th century. It contained one of the most striking collections of antiquities in the world. British Museum stores such exhibits as the Rosetta stone from Egypt with inscriptions in the ancient Egyptian language, which were made several thousand years ago. There is also marble Elgin from the Athenian Acropolis, numerous Anglo-Saxon treasures, works by Michelangelo, da Vinci, and Raphael. Originally, the facility was positioned as a museum of Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece. All in all, more than 7 million exhibits are stored there.
Tourists go to the UK not only to admire the delightful views or participate in fascinating tours. The country offers excellent opportunities for …
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Another famous London place is the Madame Tussauds Wax Museum. It was created more than 200 years ago. The earliest exhibits were created by the student of one of the British sculptors, Maria Tussauds. Her first works were the sculptures of Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, as well as members of the French royal family. During the French Revolution, she was able to copy posthumous masks. The museum impressed the imagination of the people. The most unusual exposition was the Cabinet of Horrors with the figures of criminals, murderers, revolutionaries and their victims. Today, more than 20 branches of this museum work in the whole world. Collections are constantly replenished with modern personalities. Another iconic museum in London is on Baker Street. The Sherlock Holmes Museum attracts fans of the great detective and suggests visiting an exhibition dedicated to this literary character.
Numerous London museums are situated in the area of ​​South Kensington. These include the largest exhibition of design and arts and crafts in the Victoria and Albert Museum. There are also more than 700 ancient photographs made in the 19th century. You can also visit several UNESCO World Heritage Sites in London. These are the Tower, buildings in the Westminster area, and the Church of St. Margaret. A large number of historical buildings are located in Manchester. The most famous of them is Manchester Castle. It was built in the 12th century. The building has survived in all its glory. In Manchester, it’s worth visiting the Gothic Cathedral built in the 15th century in the aforementioned style. One of the central museums of the city is the Art Gallery, in which tourists can get acquainted with the collection of 15-18 centuries. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
The luxury hotels in Great Britain, deserving attention of the most discerning traveler.
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Leeds is the third largest city in England. It houses the Royal Armory, which is the country's oldest collection. Previously, it was in the Tower. Due to a large number of exhibits, it had to be transferred to Leeds. The ruins of Kirkstall Abbey, which was founded in the 12th century, are situated close to the city. Today, there is a museum within the walls of the ancient fortress. The exposition tells about the history of the abbey. One of the most famous museums in Liverpool is the museum of The Beatles that is dedicated to the life and work of legendary musicians. In Liverpool, there is one of the four branches of the British Tate Gallery, which has been collecting the largest collection of works of art since the 16th century. The port of Liverpool that embraces six different places in the central part of the city, is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The structure reflects different periods of the city's history.
There are about 3000 medieval castles in Scotland. A huge number of these majestic fairy-tale buildings are perfectly preserved to our days. Culzean Castle, formerly owned by the Kennedy family, is now a welcoming hotel. Edinburgh Castle is a prime example of the classic Scottish castle architecture. Balmoral Castle has become the official country residence of the royal family. The National Gallery of Scotland holds the unique art pieces by El Greco, Rubens, Monet, Pissarro, Gauguin, and Titian. One of the most amazing museums in Belfast is the Titanic-Belfast, whose exposition is dedicated to the legendary Titanic and its twin brothers, Olympic and Britannic, which also sank in the early 20th century.
Great Britain guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Great Britain

Reference information
Map of all art museums
Art galleries in Great Britain
♥   Art museum 'Apsley House' London. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Ashmolean Museum' Oxford. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Barber Institute of Fine Arts' Birmingham. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery' Birmingham. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Bowes Museum' Barnard Castle. On the map   Photos
Map of all churches
Cathedrals and basilicas in Great Britain
♥   Cathedral Church of Our Lady and St. Philip Howard, Arundel. On the map   Photos
♥   Church of St. Joseph, Southampton. On the map   Photos
♥   Former Cathedral of St. Andrew, Wells. On the map   Photos
♥   Downside Abbey of St. Gregory the Great, Stratton on the Fosse. On the map   Photos
♥   Cathedral Church of St. Michael and St. George, Aldershot. On the map   Photos
♥   St. Augustine’s Abbey, Canterbury. On the map   Photos
♥   St. Martin’s Church, Canterbury. On the map   Photos
Map of all palaces
Palaces in Great Britain
♥   Palace 'Addington Palace' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Apethorpe Palace' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Basildon Park' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Bishopthorpe Palace' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Blenheim Palace' . On the map   Photos

Extreme Guinness-type places in Great Britain

Zaha Hadid House

From the series “Extravagant houses and apartments of designers”
The house of the famous designer and architect Zaha Hadid is located in London. The atmosphere in this spacious studio will immediately seem familiar and logical to those who are familiar with the basic principles of her work. Strict lines are practically absent here. The smooth design of the walls and ceilings merges. This makes the line between them imperceptible. Zaha used some of her early work to decorate the house. They belong to the period when the work of the Russian artist El Lissitzky inspired her.

Some compare Zaha Hadid's home to the cabin of a spaceship. Indeed, there are a lot of unpredictable and original forms here. Even the dishes carefully arranged in the dining room have very original shapes. There are no plates and glasses in the usual sense of the word here. Zaha … Read all

British-Arctic Trap Formation

From the series “Volcanoes that changed the face of the Earth”
The British-Arctic Trap Formation occupies a vast area. It extends to the Faroe Islands and the British Isles, Greenland, and Iceland, as well as the island of Jan Mayen. This formation began to form more than 65 million years ago during the Early Cretaceous period. The formation of the huge magma trap lasted for more than 20 million years. It was held in four stages. The last of them ended about 40 million years ago.

The formation located on the territory of present-day Iceland is considered the most interesting. Its formation continues today. The area, located on the territory of Scotland, is considered to be the most studied. The most detailed studies of basalt rocks were conducted on the Isle of Skye. The island of Jan Mayen is the most interesting for modern researchers. Samples of … Read all
All unique sightseeing Great Britain
Country maps Maps of Great Britain
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Car rental in Great Britain
Map of cities Cities map of Great Britain
Map of sights Map of sights in Great Britain

Dubai Reaches a 1 Year Milestone Since It Has Reopened to Foreign Guests

According to the report, more than 3.7 million overnight travelers arrived in Dubai during the period from July 2020 to May 2021. This once again proves an important role of Dubai in global tourism. More than 1.7 million visitors out of 3.7 million arrived between July and December 2020, and the remaining 2 million guests visited the city during the first five months of 2021. This proves that tourism rebounds despite the troubles caused by the pandemic. The diversity of source markets is another reason for such a high number of guests during the COVID-19 era. This is a fundamental strength of Dubai. Many destinations that rely primarily on visitors from certain countries faced a drastic decline in the number of tourists. Read this

27.07.2021

Top cultural sites of Great Britain: monuments, theaters and churches

Buckingham Palace, London

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» Any traveler can take direct part in receptions, dinners and banquets in the royal garden at Buckingham Palace.
» Walk-in days tradition appeared in the official residence of British monarchs due to lack of funds. In 1992, fire has damaged Windsor Castle, so money for its restoration was needed.
» During a visit to Buckingham Palace, just 19 rooms can be seen. The Throne, Ballroom and Banquet Hall, Music Room and Art Gallery are among them.
» The special flag is hung above the main facade of the building; it announces the presence of the Queen in the palace.
» Buckingham Palace consists of 775 rooms. The royal and guest quarters occupy 52 of them, 19 rooms are aimed at state servants, 188 chambers are reserved for staff, 92 - for offices, and 72 are bathrooms.
» The territory of Buckingham Palace has its own post office, police station, hospital, swimming pool, and cinema. The Palace houses the royal collection of works by Rubens, Rembrandt and other artists.

Cardiff Castle, Cardiff

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The excavation proved that Cardiff Castle is over 2 000 years old.
»  Originally, it was an ancient Roman fortress. Later, the building served as a legal agency. Then, the noble family purchased the construction. Upon the order of the last owner, the fortress was turned into a mansion with a lot of halls.
»  It houses the collection that has a historical value. Its interior impresses with multiple stained glass windows, sophisticated braided moldings, sculptures, painted walls, and carved ceilings. All the interior elements are thoroughly designed.
»  Near the castle, there is a big parking area.
»  Cardiff is the building complex. It consists of a castle, a Gothic mansion, a clock tower, and a house called “Norman Donjon”.
»  The high pedestal leads to the fortress. Its doorways are narrow and zigzag.
»  Fortress walls are heavy stone. They are decorated with flags. You can see a red dragon in the midst of the white and green canvass.
»  There is a smoking room in the tower. The ceiling looks like a casket. It is decorated with colorful figurines of women that symbolize the morning, midday, evening and night.
»  The children’s bedroom is decorated with fabulous paintings.

Castell Coch , Cardiff

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The red castle resembles a fantasy building with its architecture combining different styles, Victorian and Gothic.
»  The oval construction has several round towers of different height. The unusual house is located on the hilltop. It has thick fortification walls. The patterned roof contrasts with outbuildings.
»  To enter the castle, you can cross the lift bridge. The entrance is protected with a movable grille.
»  The stone building was last rebuilt in the late 19th century. The architect reconstructed the medieval castle.
»  Castell Coch (translated as “red”) was built at the site of the former fortress of the 13th century.
»  You should visit the Red Castle to feel the atmosphere of the Middle Ages. In the audience hall that belonged to the noble family, there is the wonderful collection of picturesque canvasses and antique items. In the living room, there is a fireplace made by a famous master.
»  The former owner almost did not live in the new house although it made significant investments in its reconstruction. The Marquis passed his property to the state.
»  The building is very attractive and appeared in many fantastic films due to its picturesque landscape.

Church of Our Lady and St. Nicholas, Liverpool

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» There is a gilded wing boat on the spire of the church tower. This is the symbol of the city patronized by the God-pleaser who watches over sailors and travelers.
»  Originally, the church was named after the Virgin Mary (1257). It was rebuilt when the number of parishioners had risen. Then, the name of St. Nicholas was added to the name of the building.
»  The church is located in the city center. Long windows give so much light that electric lights are switched on only at night. Stained glass windows depict the Mother of God and St. Nicholas.
»  The inner walls are decorated with massive wood panels. On them, you can see patterns of bunches of grapes. These symbols are related to the words of the Son of God “I am the vine, you are the branches”.
»  Organ concerts that go hand in hand with other events are held in the church.
»  The stone fence surrounds the construction. Here, you can also see a fountain, from which you can even draw water.
»  The memorial Simpson Fountain pointed by the engraved plate is dedicated to William Simpson. He helped people in need and never refused to help. Traffic was blocked on the day of his funeral because too many people came to accompany him on his last journey.

Church of St. Luke, Liverpool

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» St. Luke Church is buried in lush thickets of the city garden. The sharp top with a spire of the House of God rises over nearby houses and is seen from afar.
»  The history of St. Luke Church goes back to several centuries. However, the exact date of the construction of the church is not known.
»  The building gained its present form in 1971. The entire construction is faced with gray cut stone produced in the local sand quarry. The bright red tiled roof contrasts with other exterior elements.
»  The outer walls of the cult building are decorated with moldings. Every picture depicts a particular Biblical scene.
»  Stained glass windows have the form of arches. One of the windows depicts the unknown Liver bird. The frames are decorated with curls.
»  The strict design made a sharp contrast with decorative leaves, which confirms the date of the construction (between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, 1811).
»  There is a crypt in the subsoil of the church.
»  The bells and the clock on the bell tower were damaged during the bombing in 1941.
»  The temple was named after evangelist St. Luke. He followed Christ’s precepts, became a healer and a preacher, and propagated Christ’s teachings.

Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Edinburgh Castle is the ancient fortress in the center of Edinburgh, which is the most important and attractive tourist attraction of the Scottish capital.
» The castle was built on the rock that was once an active volcano.
» The castle has been built in the early Middle Ages and was rebuilt several times. In the end, it was adapted for the defense of land from artillery.
» Three sides of the fortress are protected by steep cliffs, so access to the castle is available just across the road on the east side. By the way, you can pass only through the esplanade, a long empty inclined portion of the fortress, where the annual parade of the Royal Edinburgh Military Orchestras is held.
» The oldest building in Edinburgh, the St. Margaret Chapel, stands on the grounds of the castle. The crown of Scotland is also kept at the Edinburgh Castle.
» The Edinburgh Castle is one of several ancient castles in the UK, which still has its own military garrison, although it's used mainly for ceremonial and administrative purposes.

Glasgow Cathedral, Glasgow

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» There used to be a small chapel on the site of the cathedral founded by missionary and apostle Kentigern, known as Mungo (meaning ‘my dear’). The cathedral is named after him.
» Glasgow Cathedral was consecrated in 1136. The ash of the patron of Glasgow rests in one of the parts of the cathedral.
» The construction has different names: the High Kirk of Glasgow (common in the Christian community), St Kentigern’s or St Mungo’s Cathedral.
» 500-year sculptures reminding of the seven deadly sins are installed on the 14th-century wooden roof. Wooden structures and slabs also date from that time.
» The building is 100 metres long. The pictures on some stained glass windows are similar to symbols of military regiments that took part in World War II. The walls are decorated with mosaic pictures from the revered saint’s life.
» The cathedral is divided into two churches – Upper and Lower. The building itself stands on a slope.
»  Inside, there are dark high Gothic vaults supported by straight columns. The stairs lead to the Lower Church. Stone fragments of the 12th-century cathedral are preserved here.
» The Bridge of Sighs connects the cathedral with a hill where the Glasgow Necropolis – a city cemetery with old gravestones and vaults – was erected.
» 200,000 people visit the cathedral annually.

Imperial War Museum North, Manchester

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Imperial War Museum North in Manchester is the fifth branch of the London Museum. Exactly this museum was seriously damaged by German bombs.
»  The famous architect Daniel Libeskind has designed an impressive museum building. The construction lasted from 1997 to 2001.
»  The building consists of three separate sectors that symbolize a broken globe. The museum collection includes artifacts telling about the First and Second World Wars.
»  The main purpose of the exhibition is to show the damaging impact of wars on human life. On the website of the museum, you can see these words: “It is more a world museum than a war museum.
»  At the entrance, there are the Soviet T34 tank and the English AV8a plane. They played a big role in the Second World War.
»  The walls of all halls are deep red, which symbolizes the blood spilled during military operations. The core of the collection is letters, photos, and belongings of ordinary people. The main purpose of museum founders was to show human destinies but not confrontations between countries.

Culture and monuments in popular cities of Great Britain

London
Baker Street is the location of a no less attractive object - Sherlock Holmes Museum. Among the religious buildings of the city we should definitely mention beautiful Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral. The cathedral is also one of the largest Catholic churches of the country. There are some Orthodox religious places of interest in the city, the most prominent of which is Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady. Classical music fans are recommended to visit Royal Albert Hall, Theatre … Read more
Edinburgh
Tourists, who enjoy making unusual excursions, are recommended to visit Scotch Whisky Heritage Centre. During the tour you will learn about all secrets and tricks of the process of making whiskey. Of course, the excursion will be finished with tasting best varieties of this amazing drink. Saint Giles Cathedral is one of the most famous religious sites of the city. The first church on the site of the original cathedral was built in the 9th century. During its many centuries long history the … Read more
Blackpool
The city is home to a huge number of entertainment venues that easily fit absolutely different tastes. However, more and more visitors prefer to make a walk to the elegant Stanley Park. This is the place where you can admire graceful swans, hand feed the local squirrels and enjoy the majestic look of ancient trees. The park is also the location of the most famous open air museum in the city - a model of a village. The park has repeatedly won various honorable awards thanks to its high level of … Read more
Manchester
Manchester will also entertain the fans of pictorial art with plenty of places to visit and explore. The sightseeing tour should include the Manchester Art Gallery. A beautiful building of great architectural significance hosts the gallery. The exhibition of the art gallery offers a rich collection of paintings of English artists of the 17th – 19th centuries. The same attracting tourist spot is the Manchester Museum which unique collection is concentrated on the Ancient Egypt history. The … Read more
York
The plan of the cathedral was so big that its building lasted more than 400 years. Today experts in architecture can easily distinguish elements of various styles, the combination of which looks very harmonious and impressive. A large part of the original fortifications has survived in York. A walk along a strong stone wall is also a must-see destination of each excursion program. Tourists can see the huge gates that were used as the entrance to the city several centuries ago and visit the … Read more
Glasgow
You can perfectly combine the observation of famous architectural and historical sites with visits to various museums. The Burrell Collection Museum is a very popular excursion destination among tourists. The halls of the museum exhibit a luxurious collection of antique furniture, pottery, art and jewelry. The collection of the museum is considered one of the most beautiful in the world. Priceless artifacts have become available for public only in 1943, when the Burrell family presented them to … Read more
Birmingham
Among the architectural places of interest we should definitely mention St. Martin’s Church, which was built in the second half of the 13th century. It is believed that the site, on which is built this beautiful cathedral, is mystical. Each year a huge number of pilgrims come to the church. Visitors constantly notice a feeling of incredible strength and grace of the divine spirit that comes from this place. The beautiful Gothic church is the main symbol of Birmingham and its most beautiful … Read more
Liverpool
The biggest cathedral in the UK is located in Liverpool. Its construction took place in the first half of the 20th century. This prominent religious monument is also known as one of the main symbols of the city. Metropolitan Cathedral, which attracts tourists by its unusual architecture, is a no less remarkable place of interest. Walker gallery is an important object of various excursions. This is one of the largest and most famous art galleries of the country. The majority of the gallery’s … Read more

Great Britain map of cultural and historical sites

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