Excursion tour in New York. Top architecture - monuments, castles, temples and palaces
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Statue of Liberty, New York
» The Statue of Liberty is often called the symbol of New York City and the United States, the symbol of freedom and democracy, and the Liberty Lady. That was a gift of the French on the centenary of the American Revolution.
» The goddess of freedom holds a torch and a tablet and stands with one foot on the broken chains. The date of the Declaration of Independence is carved with Roman numerals on the table.
» The height of the statue from the ground to the tip of the torch is 93 meters; the height of the statue itself is 46 meters.
» The monument is open for visitors. Overcoming 356 steps of a stairway you can climb to the crown of the statue, which offers extensive panorama of New York Harbor.
Chrysler Building, New York
» The Chrysler Building was being built very quickly, four floors per week. Despite of this, not a single worker has lost life at a construction yard.
» At night the top of the Chrysler Building is illuminated by numerous spotlights. There are various schemes of illumination allowing to highlight the upper part of the building in any color for every special occasion.
» Top of the building was initially used to install TV and radio transmitters.
» Six upper floors of the Chrysler Building are used for access to the equipment on the steeple of the skyscraper.
» Today, the Chrysler Building is the tallest building constructed of bricks.
Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, New York
» The cathedral has being built for more than a century; it was founded in 1892 and its construction still isn’t complete.
» Doors of the Cathedral are made of bronze and weigh 3 tons. Doors are decorated with about 60 scenes from the Bible; scenes from the Old Testament can be seen on the left side and the New Testament - on the right.
» The cathedral features 7 chapels dedicated to folks who came to New York in the year of foundation of the temple.
» Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the chief of the committee raising funds for construction of the cathedral; eight years later he became the president of the United States.
Riverside Church, New York
» One of the bells is up to 20 tons in weight and has the strongest resonance in the world; it’s also considered the largest bell in the world.
» The church has eight panels devoted to different personalities (Michelangelo, Socrates) whose lives reflect the teachings of Christ.
» The Riverside Church was built on the dime of Rockefeller Jr.
» The tower above the main entrance makes the church the highest in the United States, as it reaches 119 meters. The tower has 22 floors and includes residential and office space, as well as Sunday school.
» The church seems old from the outside, but inside it’s designed as an office building with elevators, underground parking and air-conditioning.
» The building includes not only the temple, but also a kindergarten, library, auditorium, sports and conference facilities.
1 World Trade Center, New York
» Initially, the original idea to construct the tower of concrete has been criticized within the framework of fear of the new attacks. That resulted in the nickname of the building, the Tower of Fear.
» The tower is crowned with 124-meter spire weighing 758 tons that serves as the transmitting antenna.
» Building height of 1,776 feet isn’t accidental; it emblematize the year of the Declaration of Independence.
» New World Trade Center became the tallest building in the United States, as its height with a spire is 540 meters.
St. Patrick Cathedral, New York
» Cathedral Gate is made of bronze and weighs more than 18 tons, but it’s so well balanced that can be opened with one hand.
» The main relic is the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe.
» The cathedral is built of brick and decorated with marble.
» Construction began before the start of the American Civil War, and was suspended for the same reason.
» Design of the altar in the St. Patrick Cathedral was made by Tiffany.
Grant Tomb, New York
» Ulysses S. Grant was a simple farmer, who led the group of volunteers at the beginning of the Civil War. He became the first General of the Army in the United States, and then the 18th president, who served two terms.
» It took 8,000 tons of granite to construct the mausoleum. Inside it’s decorated with mosaics depicting scenes of the Civil War.
» The antique mausoleum at Halicarnassus has inspired architects.
» Five years later, next to Grant Tomb was installed the tomb of his wife.
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