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Politics, constitution and administrative structure of Portugal

Cascais Portugal is a democratic state in which the Republican government predominates. The state functions on the basis of the Constitution, which was adopted in April 1976. To this day, it has been updated and amended four times. The head of the country is the President. He is elected every five years. Elections take place by secret ballot. The Constitution of the country stipulates that the same candidate cannot rule the country for more than two consecutive terms. All citizens of the country who have already reached the age of 18 take part in the voting. The President’s direct duties include representation of his country in the international arena. He is the guarantor of the integrity of the country and state unity, and is also considered the commander-in-chief of the armed forces of Portugal.
The Portuguese are known to celebrate with joy all kinds of holidays and festivals. The reasons for celebrations could range from pilgrimages, …
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According to the Constitution, the President has the right to dissolve the parliament if its activities does not correspond to the current Constitution or does not inspire confidence in the President. After that, the President has the right to announce early elections and set a voting date. Besides this, in case of some pressing issues, the President of the country can allow for the Referendum to take place (that will represent the national interests of every citizen of the country). The President is also given the privilege to veto any law that was passed by the majority in parliament. If the law does not comply with the constitutional provisions, the President may challenge it before the appropriate tribunal. To date in Portugal, the President’s activities are directly related to the work of the State Council. This advisory body allows the President to cover all sectors of his country’s life and make reasonable decisions.
The Parliament of Portugal is called the Republican Assembly. It has a unicameral structure. Deputies get to stay in Parliament for a term of 4 years. To date, 230 deputies successfully work in the Parliament, which are given their positions through universal suffrage. Aside from this, the system of parliamentary elections is somewhat non-standard. So, despite the fact that deputies are elected from certain districts (according to the proportional system) in parliament, they represent the country entirely. The Government of Portugal consists of ministers from the relevant ministries, and is headed by the Prime Minister. At the constitutional level, Portugal has a multiparty system of government. Since gaining independence, only two parties are competing in the country’s political scene – Socialists and Social Democrats. Also in the modern parliament are deputies from the Portuguese Communist Party, from the left bloc, from the Green Party, as well as from the People’s Democratic Union. Copyright
Portugal is clearly divided into the northern wooded and southern plains parts. The south of the country is characterized in its appearance by the …
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The administrative territory of Portugal is divided into 18 districts, which are called Distritos. In addition, the territory has two autonomous regions that are geographically separated from the mainland of the country. These are the islands of Madeira and the Azores. A local government, as well as a specialized legislative assembly, functions on their territory. In total, Portugal has more than three hundred municipal districts. The role of the executive is very difficult to overestimate. Their main structures are the city administration, as well as the municipal chambers. Each administrative district is headed by a Governor who is appointed personally by the Minister.
Dom Francisco Gomes de Avelar statue - Faro - The Algarve Foreign policy in Portugal today is not aggressive, but is formed in connection with the needs and basic concepts of NATO, the OSCE and the European Union. It should be noted that Portugal is a fairly active member of these organizations, as well as other international communities, and participates in solving various world problems, in particular, the pro-Atlantic orientation. Today, the armed forces of Portugal include more than 45,000 people, of these, more than half belong to the land forces. The soldiers in the naval fleet are no more than 11,000. The air force has at least 7,000 soldiers.
The Mediterranean climate is dominant in Portugal. The ocean has a huge influence on its formation. Air masses coming from the ocean make the …
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The Republican Guard operates on the territory of the country, and is intended to enhance the country’s military potential and protect territorial borders. Service is mandatory for men, and is for a period of 4 months. The conscription age is from 20 years. The majority of servicemen work in the country on a contract basis. Portugal has set for itself, the goal of bringing the army to a completely professional level. To date, the maintenance of the armed forces takes 2% of the total GDP. It should be noted that various international military assets are located on the territory of Portugal. For example, NATO is based in Madeira, and US troops are landing in the Azores.
Portugal guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Portugal

Places in Portugal famous worldwide

Palacio Nacional da Pena

From the series “The Most Wonderful Castles and Palaces”
In Portugal, not far from the Sintra city, is the unique architectural monument of the world - the oldest palace in the world, built in the Romanesque style - the National Pena Palace (Palacio Nacional da Pena). The history of the beautiful palace is rich in the striking events. It was built in the 15th century and was converted into the monastery a few years later. In 1755 the construction was almost completely destroyed by the strong earthquake. The palace was only restored in 1838.

The modern architecture recognizes not only the classical elements of the Romanesque style, but also the fine lines of Mauritanian and Bavarian styles in the exterior of the castle. After full restoration in the first half of the 19th century, it was decided to build an extensive garden around the palace. … Read all
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Hilton builds third luxury hotel in Kyoto

It will welcome its first guests in 2024. 313 rooms of various categories will be available, the interior of rooms and hotel spaces will become one of the main features of the high-class hotel. When decorating the rooms, it is planned to use local textiles, which are famous for their high quality and are considered to be one of the best in the world. Read this


Photogallery of famous places of Portugal

Electorate - mentality of people in Portugal regions

These peculiar features are extremely noticeable for city guests as peace and tranquility is reigning in the streets of Lisbon. Another exuberant character feature is the special pride in history and culture. Local people consider their nation to be unique and this conviction turns them intolerant to any comparisons of their customs and course of life to any other nations’ culture. Instead the foreigners taking interest to the history and traditions are immediately turned into welcome … Read more
Every holidaymaker will find all kinds of entertainment according to his liking in Albufeira. Here you will like numerous cafes and restaurants serving delicious fish and seafood dishes, crazy nightlife establishments, as well as traditional museums and sights. By right, Albufeira is considered the most crowded, popular and noisy city on the southern coast of Portugal. By the way, the name of the city can be translated from Arabic as "a castle by the sea". Lovers of architectural monuments will … Read more
Local people have numerous interesting traditions that must be definitely followed during the celebration of important dates and events. As vine is known as one of the most important national symbols, the presence of grape on a holiday table has always been a good sign. On New Year's night, when the clock strikes midnight, it’s necessary to make a wish and eat a grape. If you do this, the locals believe your dream will come true. Many people wear special holiday clothes on the days of … Read more
The most anticipated and exciting event of the New Year is a grand fireworks show. The local incredibly beautiful fireworks show is listed in the Guinness Book of Records; locals usually prepare for it all year long. In February, the city hosts a colorful carnival, which is always accompanied by folkloric performances and solemn parades. Tourists who wish to get acquainted with the culture and customs of the indigenous population definitely have to visit this merry and bright holiday. Many … Read more
Familiarity with traditional applied arts remains one of the most interesting entertainments for travelers. In Lagos, you'll find many handicraft workshops and souvenir shops where craftsmen make unique things with their hands. Among other crafts, the manufacture of pottery is really widespread. From ceramics, craftsmen make beautiful dishes, vases and home decorations, and some of them know how to make original ceramic jewelry. Customers are always welcome in such workshops, here they can not … Read more
One of the most favorite entertainments of festival’s guests is contest in fast sardine eating. Every year contest’s participants manage to set up new records, today’s champion ate more than 50 fish for 15 minutes. Every year Sardine festival is visited approximately by 80 thousand of foreign guests, festival’s organizers every year try to please lovers of festival by new interesting events. In festive days there are special gastronomical tours for the guests, all who wish can visit the … Read more
The local cuisine is somewhat different from the Portuguese one. Thus, due to the proximity to the sea, seafood and fish predominate here (the most popular are sardines, horse mackerel, dorade). Besides that, the region is famous for wine production. While in Vilamoura, you must try such dishes as Caldeirada (a thick fish stew), South Portuguese gazpacho, Arroz de lingueirão (rice with mollusks), desserts “Dom Rodrigo” and Morgado (balls with sugar and almonds). Alcoholic beverages worth … Read more
Gastronomic culture of Braga also has many interesting features. Despite widest choice of restaurants and cafes that can be found right at every step in the city, gourmets prefer to have a lunch at the monastery bakeries. Cooking connoisseurs are sure that the delicacies prepared in the local monasteries are simply fantastic. Unique "celestial" names of dishes make food even more original. Monastery's cooks are worthy rivals of chefs from most upscale restaurants. The locals are very friendly … Read more

Portugal: traditions in regions

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