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Excursion tour in Edinburgh. Top architecture - monuments, castles, temples and palaces

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Any guide of Edinburgh would be incomplete without a review of its most impressive architecture monuments - Palace of Holyroodhouse, Scott Monument, St. Mary Cathedral, National Gallery of Scotland, Nelson Monument and many others. It’s difficult to overestimate their historical and cultural importance for Great Britain. The style and architecture of any of these landmarks are worth a visit when you are on vacation in Edinburgh. However, you can virtually visit any of these wonderful monuments without leaving your comfortable chair. For that purpose, simply 'fly' over the 3D model of Edinburgh that was created by OrangeSmile and GoogleEarth. All you need to do is to click the video on this page.

Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh

» The Palace of Holyroodhouse is the official residence of the British monarch in Scotland.
» In the absence of the royal family the palace is open to public access.
» You can enter the palace through the grand staircase of the 17th century constructed in Baroque style. Ornate molding on the ceiling depicts angels keeping Scottish regalia.
» The grand staircase opens to the richly decorated dining room and the Royal Throne Hall, where George IV was crowned.
» The most impressive are the private rooms of Mary Queen of Scots, which contain a variety of antiques, valuable paintings and tapestries.
» The gallery of the castle houses portraits of 110 Scottish monarchs. The gallery also has exhibits of works of art from the private collection of the royal family.

Scott Monument, Edinburgh

» The Scott Monument is the monument to the Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott built in neo-Gothic style.
» The total height of the monument is 61.11 meters.
» The Scott Monument has several viewing platforms. The highest observation deck can be accessed after overcoming 287 steps.
» The monument is decorated with 64 sculptures, and most of them are heroes of Sir Walter Scott.
» The statue of the writer, resting from writing the new novel with a pen in his hand and a dog at his feet, can be seen in the center of the monument.

St. Mary Cathedral, Edinburgh

» The St. Mary Cathedral is the cathedral unique in its grandeur and beauty built on the project by George Gilbert.
» The St. Mary Cathedral is one of the most prominent places of worship in Edinburgh. There is no entrance fee in this temple.
» Interior decoration of the cathedral is striking with its neo-Gothic architecture, stunning stained glass windows and wonderful paintings.
» The St. Mary Cathedral is well seen from afar thanks to three high spires towering over it.

National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

» The National Gallery of Scotland is the oldest art gallery of the country, founded in 1859.
» The National Gallery is set in the downtown building designed by the famous Scottish architect William Henry Playfair.
» The gallery houses Scottish folk art collection, as well as a rich collection of European painting and sculpture from the Renaissance to the early 20th century.
» The gallery represents works of great masters such as Rubens, Titian, Van Dyck, Rembrandt, Watteau, Gainsborough, Monet, Gauguin, Pissarro, Scotsman William Aikman and other great artists.

Nelson Monument, Edinburgh

» The Nelson Monument was erected in memory of the famous Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson, who died at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
» Since the opening, the monument was accessible to visitors, and in 1853 it began to serve as the signal mast for ships.
» The 32 -meter tower is equipped with an observation deck offering stunning panoramic views of Edinburgh. You have to overcome 143 steps to get to the observation deck.
» An important role in the popularity of the monument is played by its original appearance, which resembles an inverted telescope mounted with the time ball on its top.
» The time ball is the mechanical device weighing 762 kg, which helped sailors to verify chronometers. The ball functions even these days; every day it’s raised to the mast at about 12:55am and dropped down exactly at 1:00pm after gunfire from Edinburgh Castle.

Edinburgh Central Mosque, Edinburgh

» The Edinburgh Central Mosque is the main mosque in Edinburgh.
» Construction of the mosque took more than six years.
» The mosque can accommodate in its main hall more than one thousand people at the same time.
» The mosque has a large library and a kitchen.
» Interestingly, there were serious problems of funding the construction, which, however, have been resolved, when Saudi Arabia's King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud donated 90% of the total project cost.
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