Sightseeing in Donetsk - what to see. Complete travel guide
The city was founded in the 17th century when its territory was used as a Cossack settlement. The first metallurgic plant was opened here in the middle of the 19th century. It granted Donetsk the status of the industrial city. The main sight of the city is devoted to its industrial prosperity. We are talking about Mertsalov Palm that was created in 1896 from a piece of rail. The original monument is acknowledged as a unique masterpiece; it has got many awards and today the monument adorns the entrance of the Mining Institute in Saint Petersburg. One of the Donetsk squares keeps the copy of the monument that was made according to the project of smith Sergei Kapruk in 1998.
One more amazing monument is devoted to a famous opera singer A.B. Solovyanenko. The monument is installed on the square in front of the National Academic Theater that also has the name of the great singer. Another wonderful monument has been installed to praise the founder of the city and is called “the monument of John James Hughes”. In 1872 Hughes founded a small settlement called Yuzivka on the territory of the modern city. Tourists, who like old buildings, should visit the house of Hughes that still keeps many interesting and old items. In the house you will see wonderful paintings and furniture, drafts and important documents. John Lames Hughes has been the founder of one of the city’s factories and a famous entrepreneur, so the house still has several folders with documents and projects. Today these papers are considered important museum’s exhibits.
The most interesting sight of Donetsk is the Pharmacy Museum Lache. At the end of the 19th century, a doctor from Belgium, Lache, moved to the city. He opened a pharmacy on the first floor of his house, which at that time, was one of the largest in the city. In this pharmacy, various medications were prepared and sold, and you could even buy cosmetic products in it. Despite the fact that over the years the historical building has changed its appearance several times, the internal setting of the pharmacy has remained virtually unchanged. Today, the museum houses an interesting collection of things one way or another, related to the pharmacy business.
There are many picturesque parks in the city, and even more symbolic monuments. A special place is the Park of Forged Figures. On its territory, there are real works of blacksmith's art. Absolutely all the sculptures presented on the territory of the park were forged by local blacksmiths. Here you can see figures of very different subjects. Among them there are miniature copies of world famous landmarks, and the symbolical signs of the Zodiac, as well as thematic figures, including those dedicated to football.
Donetsk has a beautiful botanical garden, which was founded in 1964. This garden is huge; its area is more than 260 hectares, and more than 5.5 thousand plants can be seen in it. During the walk, visitors to the garden can admire the beautiful ponds located on its territory. Also, several beautiful old buildings still remain in the garden. Many unique plants are kept in the greenhouse; you can admire them even in winter.
In Donetsk, many fine historical monuments of various periods, among which the spectacular House of Balfour, have been preserved. This magnificent house was built in 1889 for one of the wealthy local industrialists. At the end of the 19th century, the territory around the house was decorated with a luxurious garden. To this day, the beautiful garden has not been preserved, while the historic building and the surrounding buildings stay almost unchanged.
A bright architectural monument of the beginning of the 20th century is Gorelik's House. It also bears the name of its first owner - a wealthy merchant. During the revolutionary period, this historical building housed a printing house, and aftert, a radio center. A lot of interesting stories are connected with the historical building. According to one of them, Mayakovsky lived here for some time in his life and read poems from the balcony.
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