The city was founded in the 17th century when its territory was used as a Cossack settlement. The first metallurgic plant was opened here in the middle of the 19th century. It granted Donetsk the status of the industrial city. The main sight of the city is devoted to its industrial prosperity. We are talking about Mertsalov Palm that was created in 1896 from a piece of rail. The original monument is acknowledged as a unique masterpiece; it has got many awards and today the monument adorns the entrance of the Mining Institute in Saint Petersburg. One of the Donetsk squares keeps the copy of the monument that was made according to the project of smith Sergei Kapruk in 1998.
One more amazing monument is devoted to a famous opera singer A.B. Solovyanenko. The monument is installed on the square in front of the National Academic Theater that also has the name of the great singer. Another wonderful monument has been installed to praise the founder of the city and is called “the monument of John James Hughes”. In 1872 Hughes founded a small settlement called Yuzivka on the territory of the modern city. Tourists, who like old buildings, should visit the house of Hughes that still keeps many interesting and old items. In the house you will see wonderful paintings and furniture, drafts and important documents. John Lames Hughes has been the founder of one of the city’s factories and a famous entrepreneur, so the house still has several folders with documents and projects. Today these papers are considered important museum’s exhibits.
You should definitely visit Donetsk Regional Art Museum as this is one of the largest museums in Ukraine. The museum exhibits a collection of paintings; here often take place exhibitions devoted to modern art. Local History Museum is also worth your attention. Its collection exceeds 120 thousands of priceless items.