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Austria

Politics, constitution and administrative structure of Austria

Impressionen aus Linz Austria is a federal republic. The Constitution was signed in 1920. It reflects all the fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens, the principles of equality, the basic division of power, etc. Amendments to the constitution were made repeatedly. They were adapted due to the modern requirements of the people. The country works on the basis of democracy, therefore all power comes from the people; their decisions are reflected in elections. The capital of Austria is Vienna. The federation of the republic includes 9 regions or lands. Each federation is divided into certain communities, within which the own system of self-government operates. The state control is carried out on several levels: political, legal, economic, and penal.
Austria has long been located at the intersection of routes to various European countries. This has led to the fact that the hotel industry is well …
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The head of Austria is a president elected for a period of six years. At the same time, Austrians do not have an option to elect the same candidate. Direct equal elections are held by the secret ballot. The power of the president is in some way formal and is based, for the most part, only on the representative activity. Presidential duties include appointing or dismissing various officials and deputies, making a candidature for the Chancellor, and other members of the government. If, in the common opinion of the President and the Bundesrat Assembly, the activities of the National Council are found to be illegal or ineffective, the president may completely dissolve the council. The president of the country is also the commander-in-chief of internal troops.
The Federal Assembly is the supreme body of legislative power. It consists of two chambers. The first chamber is called the Bundesrat. It embraces 62 deputies. They are appointed by lands. For the implementation of full democracy, the number of deputies entering the council is proportional to the population of a particular land. Deputies are elected for 5-6 years. The second chamber is called the National Council. It includes three times as many deputies, or 183 seats. They are elected by means of a nationwide voting. Their terms of service are 5 years. Partial lists during the election are partially open. The government is headed by the Supreme Chancellor carrying a responsibility for the formation of the Cabinet of Ministers and overseeing its activities. The Chancellor can not take any decision without the consent of the Vice-Chancellor. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
Tourists travel to Austria to experience the local flavor and amazing features. The festivals and traditions of the Austrian people are the best for …
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The main parties in Austria are the Social Democrats and the Freedom Party. As a result of the last elections, they took the majority of seats in the parliament. The political stability of Austria is based on the proportionality of the legislative system. If the elected president belongs to the same party, then the position of the chancellor may be occupied by a person from the opposite. The judicial structure of Austria is headed by the Supreme Court. It considers both criminal and civil cases. There is also the Constitutional Court that regulates the observance of all constitutional canons. It also resolves disputed and conflict situations that arise during an interaction of various government agencies. The Administrative Court reviews cases related to the legality of public administration.
Maria Hilferkirche, Graz Trade unions are strong in the country. Each individual union closely interacts with the government as a whole. The Federal Chamber of Labor is considering all trade-union organizational issues. Historically, Austria's political system has been oriented towards maintaining peace and prosperity within the country. Only in the early 2000s, during the adoption of a major retirement reform, mass protests and actions were observed. The foreign policy of the country is loyal and non-aggressive. As a rule, Austria occupies neutral military and political positions at the international arena. After the country joined the European Union, Austria became a member of NATO. The number of land and air forces is about 50 thousand.
Austria guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Austria

Places in Austria famous worldwide

Mozarthaus Vienna

From the series “Houses of Famous People and Stars Currently Open to Tourists”
The Mozarthaus, located in Vienna, is one of the most visited urban sights. During several years of life in the Austrian capital, the outstanding composer has changed dozens of apartments. The original furniture was only available until our days only in the apartments under the address Domgasse 5. Mozart has been living here since 1784 to 1787, working on his greatest work - 'Figaro's wedding' - in these magnificent six-room apartments.

The unique historical apartments in which the composer lived are located on the ground floor of the building. Later, the entire three-storey historical house was rebuilt into the museum, dedicated to the work of Mozart and the history of Vienna. On the first floor, the exhibition is dedicated to the work of the composer. On the last floor you can see a … Read all
All unique sightseeing Austria
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Vaccinated Residents of the UK Are No Longer Required to Self-Quarantine After Return

Indeed, keeping the borders of the UK closed is costly. The country is losing £70m in exports every day. Businesses cannot start working properly, donating to the overall recovery after the pandemic. Inbound tourism is the fifth largest sector in the UK, and this branch of the economy is currently dying. The government needs to come up with a plan as soon as possible and let foreign guests visit the country. Read this

24.07.2021

Photogallery of famous places of Austria

Electorate - mentality of people in Austria regions

Vienna
The indifferent attitude of locals to coffee has also become a notable feature of Vienna. You will surely see numerous coffee shops during your walk on the streets of Vienna. They have long become the most favorite place of rest for the local people. On evenings and during the lunchtime the locals gather on terraces of cozy cafes and enjoy the flavorful drink. Some coffee shops have nothing similar with the establishments that can be seen in other cities. These are unique "oases of comfort" … Read more
Salzburg
St. Rupert's Fair is an interesting celebration. During the festival you can also see numerous local residents and tourists wearing beautiful old costumes. Each citizen in the city certainly has a special holiday outfit. Women here wear beautiful dresses and hats that were fashionable several centuries ago, and men sew tail coats and put on cylinders. Those people, who have not had time to get such festive apparel, are welcome to visit special workshops, where they can easily order most unique … Read more
Solden
You will be surprised when you realize how many citizens ski in any free time. It's kind of a national sport here. Children are sent for training from 4-5 years. Young skiers participate in competitions at the age of 7. Local residents generally love to play sports and take care of their own health. You will rarely see fat people on the streets of Solden. However, the daily schedule is not conducive to overeating. A self-respecting citizen spends almost all of his time at work. The people … Read more
Innsbruck
Mayrhofen
Rise&Fall gathers more and more participants from year to year. This is quite understandable because the event is very spectacular. In addition, in general, the complexity of the tracks allows participating in them not only professional athletes but also amateurs. However, even if you do not want to participate in the competition, you should still visit at least the beginning of Rise&Fall for a rather entertaining opening ceremony. Several interesting local freestyle and downhill events take … Read more
Kitzbuhel
A few days after the end of the festival haute cuisine another large-scale festival, which will be interesting to all jazz fans, starts. Usually Jazz Festival takes place in the last week of March; not less than twenty concerts are held within festival. Among the participants of the festival, there are young music bands and popular artists that have fans all over the world. The scenes where concerts are held are built in the town square; some performances are held in specially prepared rooms. … Read more
Badgastein
Several dozen beautiful hotels were located on the territory of the town by the middle of the last century. They were very diverse from very modest and small houses to luxury residences designed for rich guests. Unfortunately, the resort's popularity began to decline in the 60s. Many of the hotels were abandoned or completely demolished. Bad Gastein is once again famous today but more as a ski resort. However, anyone can visit the thermal tunnels. Their total length is two kilometers. They are … Read more
Graz
In order to thank the nature for rich harvest, it was decided to organize various colorful performances. These days this amazing medieval feast is celebrated in a larger scale. The main city park has become the main platform on which most of performances are held. The territory of the park becomes the location of several scenes that attract connoisseurs of contemporary literature, classical music and theater arts. The park is full of people simply every day. The Festival of Body Art is one of … Read more

Austria: traditions in regions

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