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Architecture of Brazil. Must see and must visit landmarks

Altino Arantes, Sao Paulo

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» Altino Arantes building is one of the most famous skyscrapers in Sao Paulo.
» This 36-storey building with an internal area of nearly 18,000 m2 reaches a height of 161 meters.
» During construction of the skyscraper architect Plinio Botelho do Amaral was inspired by Empire State Building in New York, so apparently they are very similar.
» The skyscraper houses the headquarters of Banespa city bank.
» The observation deck of a skyscraper situated on the 33rd floor offers magnificent views of nearly 40 kilometers, so that the whole city is almost at a glance.

Candelaria Church, Rio de Janeiro

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» According to the legend, the Candelaria Church was built in the 17th century by Spanish master Antonio Palma.
» He and his crew sailed on Candelaria ship and got into a terrible storm. In honor of salvation in 1609 they built a small chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Candelaria.
» During the following centuries, the church has being altering and changing its appearance. Therefore, it combines a variety of styles, from Baroque to Neo-Classicism.
» As for the interior, in 1878 it was decorated in style Italian Neo-Renaissance.
» Today you can listen to classical and sacred music, and attend a church service in the Candelaria Church.

Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro is one of the most famous and popular monuments in the world. It even was chosen to be one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007.
» The Christ statue sits atop Corcovado Mountain in Rio de Janeiro; that’s the symbol of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil as a whole.
» The height of the statue with pedestal is 38 meters, and arm span is 28 meters.
» Being the highest point of the county, the statue becomes a regular target of lightning, so the Catholic Diocese specifically stores the stone used for construction of the statue to repair damaged parts of it.
» Annually not less than 1.8 million tourists climb to the foot of the statue that offers panoramic view of the city and the bay. The picturesque Sugarloaf Mountain, famous beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema, and a huge bowl of the Maracana Stadium are seen from there.

Luz Station, Sao Paulo

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Luz Station is the railway station in the district of Luz in Sao Paulo. It was built in the late 19th century. The station is a terminal for commuter trains and subways of Sao Paulo, bringing together many of the lines of both systems.
» For decades, the station has dominated above the urban landscape, and its clock served to check all watches in the city.
» The Luz Station is an architectural monument showing the influence of traditional architecture. In many ways it defined the face of the city.
» The Luz Station is also known for its interactive museum of Portuguese Language that was open on the third floor in its building in 2006.
» The aim of the museum is to create a living representation of the Portuguese language and to educate visitors through its unusual aspects.

Maracana Stadium, Rio de Janeiro

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Maracana Stadium is the largest football stadium in Brazil.
» The stadium was built for the World Cup in 1950 and has long been the most spacious football stadium in the world.
» The maximum capacity of the stadium is still unknown. According to various sources, it's from 180,000 to 200,000 places.
» The official name of the venue is Mario Filho. This name was in honor of the sports journalist who wrote a book about football; he was the founder of the famous sports magazine, talked with many players and has been closely involved in the construction of the stadium.
» Flamengo and Fluminense, as well as Brazil's national team of all ages hold games at the stadium.

Municipal Market, Sao Paulo

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Municipal Market of Sao Paulo is the place, where you can buy all kinds of fruit; that's unique not only in Brazil, but also in other countries of Latin America.
» The building of the market itself is the interesting sight built in 1933 by famous architect Francis de Azevedo Ramus.
» Amazing columns and arches of the market make the building an architectural monument. Walls of the second tier of the building are decorated with large colorful stained-glass windows depicting the Brazilians involved in cultivation and harvesting.
» The second tier of the market is rich in cafes and restaurants, where you can taste the local cuisine.
» The market is open from five o'clock in the morning to 4.00pm. The highest prices are at the entrance; they become lower as you move to the center.

Municipal Theatre, Sao Paulo

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The building of the Municipal Theatre was built in 1911 in neo-Baroque style.
» The Municipal Theatre is one of the city's attractions. That's the historical and architectural monument designed by famous Brazilian and Italian architects.
» The theater is decorated with various elements of marble and bronze, stained glass windows and mosaics.
» A long time, only rich people had the opportunity to go to the theater, but at the moment it became public.
» There were many celebrities, such as Isadora Duncan, Anna Pavlova, and Ella Fitzgerald performing in the Municipal Theatre.

Museu Paulista, Sao Paulo

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Museu Paulista in Sao Paulo was created to preserve the memory of the proclaiming of Brazilian independence.
» Today, the museum's collection of Paulista consists of approximately one hundred thousand historical objects of various kinds. The museum has antique furniture and clothing accessories, famous historical figures, as well as works of art.
» The library that has a huge book collection of 100 thousand volumes and 40,000 manuscripts is situated in the same building. Its room contains all sorts of historical documents.
» The most popular work of art in the museum is Independence or Death by Pedro America.
» The Museu Paulista is one of the main attractions that you must visit. The museum has entrance fee.

Museum of Art, Sao Paulo

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Museum of Art is one of the most famous and important museums in Latin America; furthermore, it's one of the most visited venues in the world.
» The museum area of 10,000m2 contains 8,000 works of art.
» The Museum of Art was founded by journalists Assis Chateaubriand and Pietro Maria Barda. Its modern building opened in 1968 was designed by the architect Lina Bo Bardi.
» Two colonnades support 9,200-ton building shaped in form of 74-meter cube.
» The museum has one of the best Western art collections in Latin America.

Museum of Football, Sao Paulo

Location on the map:   Interesting facts: » The Museum of Football is the venue dedicated to the football theme. The museum is set in front of the municipal stadium, the area between the monumental facade and rear rack is of 5,600m2.
» The Museum of Football is dedicated to the national sport; it's not associated with any particular club or fan group.
» The Museum of Football includes multimedia space, a memorial gallery of the best Brazilian players, a room dedicated to the fans and journalists, the studio audience for discussions about sports, clubs and shops, a multimedia room, a restaurant and a cafe.
» The museum features permanent exhibits, which are monitored and updated by researchers such as radio holdings or offices providing statistics on Brazilian players abroad.
» Every year the museum attracts many visitors not only from Sao Paulo, but also from across the country and around the world.

National Historical Museum, Rio de Janeiro

Location on the map:   Interesting facts: » The National History Museum was opened in 1922. It retains and displays a rich and varied historical and cultural heritage of the country.
» Iit's hard to explore all the exhibits in one day, because the area of the museum complex is more than 20,000m2.
» The museum has a collection of books, furnishings, paintings, sculptures, weapons, jewelry and much more.
» The National Museum is constantly being improved, restored; its exhibits, antique galleries and fountains are restored too.
» Today, the museum is an important cultural center and is under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture of Brazil. Every day it's visited by hundreds of tourists from all over the world.

National Library, Rio de Janeiro

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The National Library of Brazil founded in 1810 is the largest library all around Latin America and the seventh largest in the world.
» The library was originally a branch of the National Library of Portugal and only people who have received special permission from the king had access to its books.
» Later library doors were opened to all visitors.
» Now the library has more than 9 million books, icons, periodicals, maps and manuscripts.
» The National Library of Brazil is an architectural monument.

Old Cathedral, Rio de Janeiro

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Carmel was built in the second half of the 18th century.
» It combines neo-Baroque and Rococo styles.
» In 1770 consecration of the temple was held.
» At the beginning of its history, the cathedral has served as the church of the Carmelites, but later (in1808) the church became a cathedral.
» Today the church features the cathedra and it's also called the Old Cathedral.

Quinta da Boa Vista, Rio de Janeiro

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» Quinta da Boa Vista is the palace and the park complex that embraces Sao Cristovao Palace, the park and the zoo of Rio de Janeiro.
» The Palace houses the National Museum of Brazil.
»  The museum's collection is very diverse (from insects to Aboriginal utensils).
» The zoo is the most memorable part of the complex.
» The zoo was built in 1945, so that's the oldest zoo in Brazil. About 2,000 different animals live there.
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What to see in top cities of Brazil

Rio de Janeiro
If you don’t have enough time for long excursions and walks in the city, but you still want to see the main historic landmarks of Rio, it’s high time to make a trip on an amphibian bus. These cute yellow buses make rides to the most picturesque historic streets of Rio. When an excursion is about to end, the bus goes down to Guanabara Bay and magically turns into a boat. During an hour and a half, travelers will be able to observe main landmarks of the city and then enjoy panoramic views of … Read more

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