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Switzerland

Politics, constitution and administrative structure of Switzerland

Zurich Waterfront Politically, Switzerland is considered the Federal Republic. The Constitution in the country was adopted in 1848, and, 26 years later, some improvements were made.The central power in the country is rather poorly developed. The main reins of government are in the hands of the regional governments in cantons. The democracy of Switzerland can not be considered either presidential or parliamentary. The general political system consists of a bicameral parliament and the Federal Council. The Council includes 7 members or federal advisers, who are appointed for a period of 4 years. The parliament elects them.
The Swiss are very attentive to everything that represents the cultural value for the country, including the old buildings that quite often house …
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A council is being formed on the basis of the five largest parties. At the same time, ministers are prohibited from further propaganda of political concepts of their own party. All of them should act exclusively for the benefit of Switzerland, putting this goal above party principles and posts. Each year, one of the seven members of the Federal Council holds the post of president of the country. According to the current Constitution of Switzerland, all seven Ministers of the Federal Council are absolutely equal and must make decisions on the basis of collegial meetings. In this case, the position of the President is only a formality. There are 7 federal ministries in the country, and the activities of each minister are oriented towards the relevant ministry. Abroad, every minister has the right to represent the whole country independently.
The country's parliament consists of two chambers. The first is called the National Council and it embodies the entire Swiss people. The second chamber is the Cantonal Council that represents the cantons as a whole. The first large chamber includes 200 deputies. They are elected every 4 years by the people in every canton. The small chamber of the cantons includes 46 members. There are two representatives from each canton, and one from the half canton, which is a full-fledged subject of the federation. According to the basic rules of the majority system, the people of each canton elect representatives of the region to the Cantonal Council. Both chambers of the Government are engaged in approving federal laws and strict control over the actions of the Federal Council, including the President. The peculiarity of the political structure of Switzerland is the relative equality of both chambers of Parliament, so that large cantons are not able to press on small areas. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
There is an incredible number of holidays in Switzerland. Festivals and events held in each canton are added to the nationwide ones. The Swiss …
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The Federal Supreme Court is located in Lausanne. At the same time, its authority does not include the recognition of federal laws as unconstitutional. Its members are elected by the Federal Assembly for a period of six years. Traditionally, in Switzerland there is a militia system. All armed forces of the country were formed precisely on the basis of active citizens. Therefore, to date, there are practically no professional soldiers in Switzerland. All men liable for military service are urged to take courses annually, which allow citizens to combine professional activities with military service.
The practice of direct democracy allows citizens to influence on certain political decisions. Such democratic principles are considered to be among the most developed in the world. Swiss citizens can even propose a bill - it is necessary to collect 100 000 signatures for that - or protest against any law adopted by Parliament. The second form of democracy is the Referendum. And if citizens can collect 50 000 signatures in 100 days, after the adoption of a specific law, it can be challenged after voting on the Referendum. That is why, even in the case of the slightest disapproval from the citizens, the Government is trying to reform the legislation in order to avoid dissatisfaction of the population. The Swiss foreign policy is extremely loyal, which allowed to avoid various destructive wars. This gave an incredibly strong impetus for the development of a stable and reliable economic system.
Switzerland guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Switzerland

Places in Switzerland famous worldwide

Gotthard-Strassen tunnel

From the series “The Greatest Tunnels in the World”
One of the world’s longest tunnels is the Gotthard Road Tunnel. It is 17000 metres long. The underground motorway under the Lepontine Alps has specially been built to connect two major cantons – the northern Canton of Uri and the southern canton of Ticino. The construction began in 1969 and has been lasting for 11 years. Trips through the tunnel are easy and comfortable. The lighting system is carefully designed.

Those motorists who wish to go for a ride through the longest tunnel in Switzerland should definitely pay attention to the observance of the speed mode. The maximum tunnel’s speed limit is 80 km/h. Besides, a distance of 150 metres between the vehicles is advised. Fright transport is the major hazard in the tunnel, as traffic flows are very intense. The last major … Read all
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Iceland Wants to Open Its Doors for Vaccinated Tourists

Initially, only tourists coming from the EU/EEA area were eligible for simple entry to Iceland without any testing or quarantine. However, everyone can apply today and provide proof of vaccination. Note that the vaccine must be certified by the European Medical Agency. Full requirements can be found in the guidance provided by the Chief Epidemiologist of Iceland. If the vaccine is validated by the WHO (World Health Organization), this international certificate (the International Certificate of Vaccination or the Carte Jaune/Yellow Card) is also accepted by Iceland’s government. Read this

10.04.2021

Photogallery of famous places of Switzerland

Electorate - mentality of people in Switzerland regions

Zurich
Zurich is the most important administrative center of Switzerland and the financial capital of Europe. The very name of a metropolis is associated exclusively with the word "quality", and not without reason. Zurich has headed various prestigious ratings, which almost every year awarded it the status of a city with the highest standard of living in Europe. The same can be said about the well-being of local residents, as well as prices: Zurich has traditionally been considered one of the most … Read more
Zermatt
If you manage to start a conversation with one of the townspeople, you will find that they tend to understate personal achievements. For example, if you ask a Swiss man if he can play a musical instrument, your interlocutor will answer "a little". In most countries, this answer will mean knowing the simplest guitar chords or compositions. A person who has studied at a music school for several years or even graduated from it with honors will give you this answer in Zermatt. It is so accepted … Read more
Geneva
Escalade, which is celebrated each December, is one of most famous and colorful national holidays. A large historical procession is the culmination of the festival. The townspeople dress up in medieval costumes and walk on main city streets with an orchestra consisting of flute and drum players. Hot red wine is considered the main drink of the holiday. It can be tasted in many coffee houses of the city. From early morning till late at night the Old Town becomes the venue of numerous music … Read more
Interlaken
Festivals in Interlaken are always fantastic and unforgettable events that you will definitely not want to miss. At the beginning of June, vacationers will find it very interesting to visit the event named Greenfield. It lasts three days. This is the time when the festival’s venue (namely, Flugplatz military base) is filled with the sound guitar riffs, inviting all visitors to dance as they have never danced before. Among headliners, there are always popular and famous performers because the … Read more
Luzern
The main events of the festival are grand marches or mask parades. Traditionally there are two parades during the Carnival. The first one is considered to be official and austere. The representatives of different non-governmental organizations and guilds are commonly participating in the march. Tourists are commonly more interested in the second parade – the Monster parade in which any enthusiast may participate. To take part in the mask parade one should just get a monster suit. Many city … Read more
Basel
The end of October is the time for a large gastronomic fair, on which the local companies show off their products. Travellers really enjoy purchasing delicious Swiss cheese, dairy products and sweets from street vendors at very competitive rates. If you’re an art lover, the best time to visit Basel is June, when the city hosts the International Exhibition of Art. In the galleries of the exhibition you will find priceless works of Swiss artists. In addition to old and beautiful paintings, … Read more
Locarno
Townspeople are big fans of such holidays and always take an active part in them. Their behavior may even seem strange to many foreigners since it is not at all associated with the restrained nature of local residents. Here, it is extremely rare to witness excessive emotions or see people chatting with each other in crowded places. All communication usually takes place in a more secluded and less crowded setting. It goes without saying that talking to strangers on the streets is not accepted … Read more
Lugano
The history of the festival is rather engaging. Few decades ago a company of local music fans arranged a small scale event. Annually the event engaged more and more of participants. Today it has developed in an upscale world class festival. In October Lugano is visited by numerous gourmands. The reason is that in October the haute cuisine festival takes place. Local restaurants and cafés make the comprehensive preparation for the event. Guests are offered special menu in every house. Each … Read more

Switzerland: traditions in regions

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