OrangeSmile Tours Best destinations around the world - Travel Guide

Politics, constitution and administrative structure of Poland

Evening in Warsaw The Government of Poland has a republican system with the power in the country belonging to the people. Poland has a democratic two-chamber parliamentary political system. The administrative division of Poland is voivodships. There are a total of sixteen of them. Each voivodship is in turn divided into powiats consisting of several communes. The main government is the President of the country. He is chosen by the people through a secret open voting process. Each President is allowed a term of five years. According to the law, citizens can re-elect the same candidate only once. It is the President of the country who represents Poland in the international arena, concludes international agreements, and also manages diplomatic appointees. The President is also the Commander-In-Chief of the country’s internal Armed Forces. At the same time, every law or act created by the President must compulsorily be signed by the Chairman of the Council of Ministers.
Poland is a very religious country. The local population adheres to Catholicism and regularly attends services in churches. Religiosity is one of the …
Read further
The main branch of the legislative arm of government in Poland is the National Assembly; it is a kind of Parliament which consists of two chambers. The upper chamber is called the Senate, and the lower one is called the Sejm. The Sejm has the most members comprising of a total of about 460 deputies. Office holders get into power according to the results of elections by a majority and proportional system. There are only a hundred Senators in the upper chamber. Each one of them is elected by the Polish people exclusively by the majority system. Thus all the desires of the citizens of the country are displayed in determining who comes into power. Each deputy of the assembly can be in office for only four years, after which re-elections are conducted. Any citizen of the country who is up to the age of 21 can submit his candidacy at the elections and become a deputy. On the other hand, it is possible to run for the post of a Senator only if you are up to 30 years of age. In order for a law to be passed in the lower house, it is necessary that at least half of all deputies are present at the passing of the bill, and the majority of them should also vote “for” the specific project or law. After that, the bill is sent to the Senate.
Within one month, Senators must either approve the bill or reject it. Also, Deputies of the Senate have the right to amend it and send for a second consideration. If the deadline was ignored, the bill approved by the Sejm automatically passes to the President for signing. From this moment on, the President must sign the law and send it to the press within three weeks. The Head of State has the opportunity to send a bill to Deputies of the lower house for reconsideration or to apply to the Constitutional Tribunal. If the bill is approved twice by the Sejm or the Tribunal recognizes the bill as legitimate and drafted according to the Constitution, then the President has no option but to sign the bill. Copyright
A huge number of monuments of history and architecture wait for tourists in Poland. You could learn about the difficult life of the Polish people. The …
Read further
All executive power is in the hands of the Government, which is called the Council of Ministers. The structure of the organization is standard: the head is the Chairman who has a number of profile ministers and some chairmen from important committees as his subordinates. The main duty of the Council of Ministers is to implement Poland’s domestic and foreign policies. In order for the Chairman to be elected, the Ministers themselves must put forward his candidacy and it is in the power of the President to approve or reject it. After this, the newly elected Chairman must provide the lower house with a full package of development of the Republic’s policy within two weeks at the maximum. If the ideas of the Chairman of the Council seem unworthy to the Sejm, then it has the right to reject this candidature and independently appoint a Head of the Council of Ministers.
Krakow in June The main political parties in Poland are the Civil Platform, Law and Justice, the Polish People’s Party, the Palikot’s Movement, and the Democratic Left Alliance. The Judiciary in the country is represented by a standard structure. The main judicial body is the Supreme Court. There are also local or specialized courts, with the military also included. All representatives of the highest courts are personally appointed by the President. They supervise the implementation of the Constitution of the relevant Constitutional Court. It should be noted that all the judges appointed by the President occupy their position for life. The judges however, are elected regularly.
Poland has the richest natural resources. The coast of the Baltic Sea is to the north. About a third of the entire territory is occupied by …
Read further
Poland has a highly trained military base consisting of a land army, a navy, aviation and airborne units. Service in the Army is mandatory for every man in the country. The call up age is between 19 to 50 years. The standard service life is exactly one year. The foreign policy of the state is focused on maintaining and developing friendly relations with Western countries, particularly with the United States of America. Since Poland became a member of the European Union, its political and economic relations with the eastern countries, especially Russia, have ceased almost completely. Also, it is worth noting that for several years now, Poland has been an active member of the NATO alliance.
Poland guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Poland

Country maps Maps of Poland
Car rental on Car rental in Poland
Map of cities Cities map of Poland
Map of sights Map of sights in Poland

Hilton builds third luxury hotel in Kyoto

It will welcome its first guests in 2024. 313 rooms of various categories will be available, the interior of rooms and hotel spaces will become one of the main features of the high-class hotel. When decorating the rooms, it is planned to use local textiles, which are famous for their high quality and are considered to be one of the best in the world. Read this


Photogallery of famous places of Poland

Electorate - mentality of people in Poland regions

During a year a huge number of festivals and important cultural events take place in Krakow. These events attract travelers from all over the world. So, on April is conducted the Festival of student songs - one of the most anticipated and funny events for youth. The festival entitled "Music in Old Krakow", which is usually held in late August, also attracts music lovers. Fans of dancing should not miss a popular festival named "Polonaise", which takes place in October. Also, local residents … Read more
Local dishes are extraordinarily hearty, lovers of good meals will be delighted with visiting the capital of Poland. The most common products are meat and cabbage. When traveling around Warsaw, you should definitely try such local delicacies as golabki (stuffed cabbage rolls with minced meat), bigos (stewed cabbage with meat), flaki (soup on meat broth with vegetables), szarlotka (apple pie), kapusta kiszona. Well, how many legends go about Zubrowka (special vodka on herbs)! So do not deny … Read more
Authors of famous cookery books, organizers of gastronomical tours and head-cooks of eminent European restaurants always arrive to the festival, they are glad to share with secrets of craft. Within the limits of festival there is the contest “Polish fruit liqueur of the year”, where producers of home fruit liqueurs take a part. This contest is the most dimensioned in the country, that’s why the victory is especially important for competitors. Lovers of modern cinema will be interested in … Read more
In this city every fairy tale character has its own name and history. Everyone can participate in exciting sightseeing tours, see all statues and learn an interesting history of each gnome. Unusual bronze statues have also become a real attraction for vandals, so the statues are occasionally broken or stolen. Despite the fact that keeping an eye on dozens of statues is very difficult, the city government replaces all broken and stolen statues very quickly. Wroclaw is also famous for its music … Read more
The festival is also the time for exciting master classes, during which confectioners share with guests the secrets of chocolate making. They will also teach visitors how to make candies out of it and how to make chocolate bars of various original forms. It should be noted that during the cooking of sweets, many professionals use recipes that were made several centuries ago. The festival ends with awarding best confectioners and sculptors. Fans of theater art should not forget to visit Gdansk … Read more
At first glance, the Easter traditions of Lodz may seem mundane and boring, however, there are quite original ones, like Śmigus Dyngus. This tradition appeared many years ago and its history remains unknown to this day. On Easter, it is customary to arrange "water battles", during which they use all available means. Water pistols, plastic bottles and bags filled with water - any means at hand are used in the battle. Local residents simply take to the streets and spray each other with water, … Read more
The city is still located at the intersection of important trade routes, so its colorful fairs do not lose their relevance. Hundreds of years ago, not only merchants but also street performers, musicians, and artists attended the holidays. Now the fair is held for three days, each of which is full of entertainment. Many come to the historic district in search of exotic goods and unique souvenirs, while others are more attracted by spectacular shows of street performers. On the streets, they … Read more
Many tourists say that local people are very different from the typical European image that most of them have. They are easier to communicate, quite easy-going and friendly. Religiousness is another distinctive feature of local people, and age has no meaning there. Young people often go to church to pray for their relatives. It is normal for them to enter a church and make a short pray before an important exam. Some ways of expressing politeness may seem a bit unusual to foreigners, but … Read more

Poland: traditions in regions

Address/Sight name City/Region Country Within radius, km
 Types of touristic objects to search for
Hotels & Car rental
Carhire locations
0 star
1 star
2 stars
3 stars
4 stars
5 stars
Touristic places
Art galleries
Touristic areas
Attraction parks
Aqua parks
Train stations
Bus stations
Fuel stations
Open the list of object types
Open the list of object types
Open the list of object types
Open the list of object types
Open the list of object types
City services
Open the list of object types
Useful services - online travel reservation expert providing reliable car rental and hotel booking services. We feature more than 25.000 destinations with 12.000 rental offices and 200.000 hotels worldwide.
Secure Server
Head office
Weegschaalstraat 3, Eindhoven
5632 CW, The Netherlands
+31 40 40 150 44

Terms of Service | Privacy Policy | About us
Copyright © 2002 - OrangeSmile Tours B.V. | | Under the direction and management of IVRA Holding B.V. - Registered at Kamer van Koophandel (KvK), The Netherlands No. 17237018