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Luxemburg

Cultural sightseeing in Luxemburg. What to visit - museums, temples, castles and palaces

Despite the fact that Luxembourg is a small country, there are many historical monuments and historical sites on its territory. Travelers will have lots of opportunities to get acquainted with the history of this dwarfish state, learn how several centuries ago the French-speaking population was taken to Belgium or how the country managed to gain independence. Most of the museums are concentrated in the capital of the country – Luxembourg. However, you can meet architectural monuments and historical sites in other regions too. You can travel around the country by car. Small distances between cities allow tourists to move freely. The largest and most ancient museum in Luxembourg is the National Museum of History and Art. It was opened in 1869 and is located in the historical part of the city. The museum serves as a powerful tool for preserving the cultural heritage of Luxembourg. It contains collections of the Grand Duchy Institute, which were transferred to the museum after its opening. In the exhibition are also items donated to the museum. The first room contains important archaeological artifacts and allows you to look at the history of Luxembourg in the prehistoric period. In other halls are stored works of art and paintings, collections dedicated to individual monarchs of the country and its history. Modern art occupies a separate room and is also widely presented to the public eye.
Traditionally, the most cheerful holiday of Luxembourg is Emeshen, held on Monday after the celebration of Easter. It is accompanied by numerous fairs …
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In Luxembourg you can visit one more fascinating museum - the Museum of trams and buses of the city of Luxembourg. Its collection began back in the 60s of the 20th century, but for the general public the museum opened its doors only in 1991. For the opening, the historical models of buses and trams were specially made, fully conforming to their originals. In total, the museum's collection has four historic tramcars, two old buses, and a car tower for network maintenance. In addition to the original models, tourists can get acquainted with the impressive collection of miniatures in a scale of 1: 8. Among the exhibits of the museum is not only transport, but also miniature figures of workers, travel tickets, thousands of photographs and documents.
The most important architectural monument of Luxembourg is Notre-Dame Cathedral. It belongs to the Catholic Church and is one of the symbols and adornments of the city. The cathedral was founded in the early 17th century and originally belonged to the Jesuits. Its architecture can be attributed to the late Gothic style with elements of the Renaissance architecture. Inside the cathedral is decorated with choirs of incredible beauty, executed in Moorish style. The main shrine of the cathedral is the miraculous image of the Mother of God, which the cathedral received back in the 18th century. The Mother of God is a comforter of mourners, the protector and patroness of the city. The image is still in the walls of the temple. In addition to it, there are several sculptures in the cathedral; the tomb of the Grand Dukes, decorated with bronze lions, the tomb of King John the Blind. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
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The Palace of the Grand Duke is also a landmark of Luxembourg. It was founded as a town hall and the ducal family moved into it only in the end of the 19th century. During the German invasion, the palace housed a tavern and concert ground. Therefore, after the war, the building especially its interiors had to be reconstructed. Another symbol of Luxembourg is the bridge of Adolf - the Duke of the country, who with his own hands laid the stone foundation of this bridge in 1900. More than 100 years after the construction, the bridge remains the largest stone bridge in Europe. Its height exceeds 150 meters. It connects the old and new parts of the city of Luxembourg.
In the city of Esch-sur-Alzette is located the Museum of Resistance of Luxembourg, dedicated to the period of invasion during the Second World War. On the first floor of the museum, there is a collection dedicated to the genocide of the Jewish population, household items from concentration camps. Also in the museum, there is a large collection of paintings of those times devoted to life and survival during the war. Since 2009, the museum hosts temporary exhibitions on various topics. In the city of Echternach, there is a fascinating Prehistoric Museum, where interesting artifacts from all over the world are stored. In particular, tourists will be able to look at spears, arrows and tips, objects of everyday life of cavemen of Europe, Asia, America, and Africa.
Luxemburg guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Luxemburg

Reference information
Map of all art museums
Art galleries in Luxemburg
♥   Art museum 'Mudam' Luxembourg City. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'National Museum of History and Art' Luxembourg City. On the map   Photos
Map of all palaces
Palaces in Luxemburg
♥   Palace 'Grand Ducal Palace' Luxembourg. On the map   Photos
Country maps Maps of Luxemburg
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Car rental in Luxemburg
Map of cities Cities map of Luxemburg

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Top cultural sites of Luxemburg: monuments, theaters and churches

Church of St. John, Luxembourg

Location on the map:   Interesting facts: » The church was built at the beginning of the 14th century and was a part of the Benedictine monastery. The references to it date back to 1309.
»  It was constructed upon the order of Henry VII. The beginning of the 17th century was marked by the construction of the new building. It has been survived until today.
»  There is a painted altar with 3 shutters depicting scenes from the Holy Scripture. There is also a Gothic chapel for baptism. The organ was placed here. It was created in 1710.
»  Pilgrims from all over the world come here to bow to the miraculous sculpture. It depicts the Black Madonna. She holds a baby in one hand and a rod in the other. The sculpture is made of wood and installed over the main portal. The Black Madonna looks over the heads of worshipers. Her baby looks at the horizon. His hand is over the chest. His face has not a childish but adult impression.
»  The patroness watches over the weak and pregnant women. As the legend says, the wedding will be happy for those who come to see the Black Madonna.
»  There are two statues of saints at the sides of the doorway. They are dedicated to the nun and the priest.

City History Museum, Luxembourg

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» Visit the History Museum to learn about city development. Here, you can see archaeological artifacts, household and religious items, and pieces of art.
»  The modern building was built specifically for demonstrating artifacts. The cultural institution is financed by the government.
»  Originally, the art object was created by enthusiasts in the late 18th century. They intended to preserve historical monuments and items of national pride. Church property was often sequestered.
»  All the conditions for better exposure are considered in the project of the construction. The museum was opened before the Second World War.
»  The first sector presents exhibits telling about historical artifacts and the natural relief. The museum is also proud of the astronomical machine of 1796.
»  Stone work tools, annals on parchment, weapons of ancient warriors, collectible numismatics, and preserved fragments of gravestones are just some of the exhibits being of academic interest and representing the life of the bygone era.
»  The part of the museum is dedicated to paintings and traditional crafts.

Museum of the Central Bank, Luxembourg

Location on the map:   Interesting facts: » The Central Bank was founded in 1856. In the building of the late 19th century, there is a parent financial institution. Collectible exhibits are kept here, in the namesake Museum.
»  The cultural institution was founded in 1995. At the area of 650 square meters, you can see artifacts telling about the historical development of the bank in Luxembourg.
»  Here, you can see metal coins used many years ago. You can also learn about the production of banknotes. One of the sectors is dedicated to money stolen from bank safes.
»  By watching a film, the visitor can learn about bank robberies and bold bank raids in the 20th century. There is a collection of figurines. These are different ceramic, porcelain moneyboxes where money was kept.
»  The main bank branch includes three additional buildings. They are connected by an underground tunnel. Nowadays, canvasses of contemporary art are exhibited in the tunnel.
»  There are terminals in the museum. You can find information about the financial activity of the city on their interactive displays. Inquisitive tourists can also learn about how the Central Bank is changing the economy of the country.

Notre-Dame Cathedral, Luxembourg

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The cathedral was named after the Mother of God in 1848.
»  In 1613-1621, the building located in the southern district belonged to the Jesuits. In 150 years, when members of the Order were exiled outside the country, the church was given the icon of the city patroness. The house of God was named Notre-Dame Cathedral after her.
»  It had been constructed for 8 years since the beginning of the 17th century. The updated interior is designed in Neo-Gothic style of the 19th century. There are a lot of magnificent sculptures.
»  You can see here the icon of the Virgin holding the Infant Christ. It is made of wood.
»  There are two organs inside. One of them has 11 bells. The biggest organ has a diameter of 185 m. The bell tower was destroyed by fire. It was restored completely in 1985. The citizens still hear a melodious chime.
»  Here, you can see richly decorated tombs of the founding fathers of the city and the stone crypt with the ashes of the King of Bohemia, John the Blind. The crypt is located under the church. It is guarded by two bronze lions.
»  On Easter days, thousands of pilgrims visit the cathedral to pray to the Virgin.

Saint Michael Church, Luxembourg

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» At Saint Michel Church, Catholic services are held.
»  In 987, the facility for private worships was constructed here. The building was destroyed and restored many times.
»  It has not changed since 1688. There is a preserved emblem in the form of three lines on the walls of the temple.
»  During the Revolution, the construction was saved from being destroyed completely by the icon of the saint with the crown resembling a Jacobin hood. The room served as an entertainment venue for the Jacobins. The altar turned to stage for theatrical performances. Revolutionary plays were staged here.
»  The church is named after the city intercessor. As the legend says, exactly Saint Michael saved citizens from the huge serpent that appeared from the lake. The sculpture of the savior (the 17th century) was placed in the deep niche at the entrance.
»  St. Michael’s Church was restored at the beginning of the 21st century (in 2004).
»  The altar is decorated with complicated intertwined elements. They create an elusive sense of space. The altar and Gothic vault were created in 1519. However, the only main entrance has left from the original chapel.

Culture and monuments in popular cities of Luxemburg

Luxembourg
Among other attractive architectural places of interest are distinguished an old Jesuit college, church of Saint-Michel, which was built in the 10th century, and the town hall. A walk through the garden of Ernst Mansfeld will bring you great pleasure, and fans of unusual excursions should not forget to visit Bock Casemates. During the Second World War the casemates have saved lives of more than thirty thousand people. The majority has been destroyed, so today visitors of the historical complex … Read more
Dudelange
Parc Hummerland is a great place to forget about stress and relax in a serene setting. It is hard to find a more suitable place for that purpose in Dudelange. It is also important to mention that it regularly hosts different concerts, so don’t forget to check the list of upcoming events in order not to miss something interesting. They take place at Rockhal and Kulturfabrik. When taking a stroll in the town, don’t forget to pay the attention to the architecture of local buildings and get … Read more

Luxemburg map of cultural and historical sites

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