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Egypt

Cultural sightseeing in Egypt. What to visit - museums, temples, castles and palaces

Club Fanara beach, Sharm el Sheikh Tourists from all over the world come to Egypt to relax on the famous resorts' sandy beaches and plunge into the atmosphere of the Ancient World. Dynastic period structures and the ruins of necropolises, majestic palaces and mosques, colorful oriental bazaars and picturesque oases surprise and conquer with their splendor. Near Cairo on the desert plateau of Giza is a complex of pyramids. The history of their construction is full of mysteries. The ancient Egyptians used pyramids for the burial of the pharaohs. Their impressive size and ideal proportions boggle the imagination. The largest structure is the Pyramid of Cheops with a height of 146 m. The complex includes the pyramids of Khafre and Menkaure, the burial place of Egyptian queens.
Egypt is a unique country lying simultaneously in two parts of the world. One part of the territory is in North Africa, and the other is on the Sinai …
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The symbol of Egypt is the Great Sphinx. It has protected the peace of the pharaohs from time immemorial. The giant statue is a mythical creature with a lion's body and a human head. The face of the Sphinx is turned towards the Nile. Between the monument's forelegs, there was a sanctuary for sacrifices. Today, Egyptians call it "The Father Of Horror". On the banks of the Nile are stone Colossi of Memnon. Eighteen-meter statues depict the Pharaoh Amenhotep III. The ruler sits with hands folded on his knees, looking at the rising sun. The symmetry of the two sculptures' faces surprises with its accuracy.
Not far from Luxor, in a mountain gorge, is the Valley of the Kings - a monument of the ancient civilization. Sixty-four tombs of pharaohs are cut in the thick of the cliffs. The most famous tomb is the burial place of Tutankhamun. Another necropolis - Sakkara - is located south of Cairo. The length of the complex is 8 km. Walls of the tombs are decorated with Egyptian hieroglyphics. Of greatest interest is the Step Pyramid of Djoser. The Abu Simbel rock rises on the west bank of the Nile. Two temples are carved in it in honor of Pharaoh Ramses II and his first wife, Nefertari. On the river's eastern bank is the Karnak Temple dedicated to the sun god Amun-Ra, the goddess Mut, and their son Khonsu. Inside you can see ancient wall drawings. The Alley of Sphinxes runs along the temple complex. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
These spots really worth the attention of a real traveler-researcher. …
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The Temple of Edfu was built in the 3rd century and became the second largest in ancient Egypt. Walls of the structure are dotted with hieroglyphics. In the center of the Nile is the sacred island of Philae, where according to the legend Osiris was buried. Originally, there was a temple complex on the island, which consisted of three monumental temples and an elegant pavilion. They were subsequently moved to Agilika Island. On the Sinai Peninsula, you will find Saint Catherine's Monastery. Founded in the 4th century, it is still operating. The monastery contains relics of the saint. In the 10th century, a mosque was built near the building. Tourists are recommended to visit the Great Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha erected in Cairo in honor of the Egyptian pasha. The example of Islamic architecture is adorned with two minarets and a dome. The mosque hosts public Friday prayers.
The building is located on the grounds of the Citadel of Salah Ed-Din, the main Cairo's attraction. The Inaccessible castle was erected in the 12th century by an Egyptian sultan. In the courtyard of the fortress, there is a statue of a lion. In Old Cairo, there is the most ancient Christian religious structure in Egypt - St. Mary's Coptic Orthodox Church. It keeps an iconostasis made of wood and ivory and over a hundred icons, the oldest of which date back to the 8th century. Al-Azhar Mosque is of great importance for Muslims around the world. It gave shelter to fugitives and pilgrims and served as a place for teaching Islamic doctrine.
Pyramids have always been the main symbol of Egypt. There are more than a hundred of pyramids in the country. Giza is the location of the most famous …
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Several bridges lead from Cairo to the island of Rhoda where the Manial Palace is located. The building's architecture combines several different styles. The royal palace houses a museum, whose exposition is represented by the royal family's everyday objects. In Hurghada, there is the colorful Palace of a Thousand and One Nights. It was built especially for tourists who want to enjoy the culture of Egypt. Dance performances of men wearing traditional Tanura skirts regularly take place in the atmosphere of oriental fairytales. Be sure to explore Montaza Palace in Alexandria. In the early 20th century, the majestic structure served as the residence of King Farouk. Today, the palace is surrounded by a picturesque park ensemble with beaches on the shore of a cozy bay.
In the same place, there is a monument of medieval architecture - the Citadel of Qaitbay. The fortress was built in the 15th century on the site of one of the Seven Wonders of the World - the Lighthouse of Alexandria. The citadel had protected Egypt from the Ottoman Empire ships for more than half a century. In the 19th century, the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities was opened in Cairo on Tahrir Square. Among its exhibits are many ancient artifacts, including unique items. The museum exposition covers periods of the historical development of Ancient Egypt. On the site of the destroyed Alexandria library today you can see a modern building striking with its architecture. Bibliotheca Alexandrina is a complex of several museums, a reading room, and a cinema hall. The historical and cultural heritage of Egypt is collected in these museums. The reading room can accommodate more than two thousand visitors.
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Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Egypt

Reference information
Map of all art museums
Art galleries in Egypt
♥   Art museum 'Darb 1718' Cairo. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Egyptian Museum' Cairo. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Gezira Center for Modern Art' Cairo. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Mohamed Mahmoud Khalil Museum' Cairo. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Museum of Islamic Art' Cairo. On the map   Photos

Extreme Guinness-type places in Egypt

Oasis de Siwa

From the series “The Most Cozy Towns Full of Zen”
Even in Egypt, with its desert landscapes and sweltering heat, you can find the amazingly beautiful places that you won’t like to leave. A perfect example is the oasis of Siwa. It has a rather impressive scale. The length of the oasis is about 50 km, and the width is 20 km. At the heart of this beautiful oasis there is a town, whose population is about 7 000 people. Next to it there are lots of smaller settlements, which are home to other 16 000 people.

About one hundred years ago, Siwa began to attract the attention of archaeologists. They were able to find out that this picturesque oasis has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Travelers who visit this incredibly beautiful area, are able to stroll through the extensive olive and palm groves, visit the quiet villages, and get … Read all

Shrine of Sohag City

From the series “ Survived Artifacts of Early Christian Civilization”
The Egyptian city of Sohag is considered to be a real Christian open-air museum. Numerous religious sites with a long history are situated there. This is a beautiful modern city with lively streets and spectacular architecture. Here, Christian shrines can be seen along with the majestic mosques. There are several monasteries and temples. The most famous monastery is Anba Beshoy and the church of St. Psoy situated on its territory.

The exact history of the emergence of religious sites is unknown. Using the available manuscripts, researchers only found out that shrines were built in the 5th century. After more than 1 500 years, the old monastery has survived perfectly.  A series of unique Christian jewels were preserved in its walls. Visitors of the old monastery will be able to see the … Read all
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IHG Brings Its voco Brand to Scotland

As hotels in Scotland might open in April or May, the opening of two new hotels is a signal that life is slowly going back to normal and leisure travel will resume closer to summer. The name of the brand – voco – means “invite” or “call together” in Latin. The Glasgow hotel will be the first property by this brand in Scotland. The voco Grand Central Glasgow is a rebranded property open instead of the existing Grand Central Hotel. IHG reimagined the popular place, retaining its original charm. The new Glasgow hotel now features 230 rooms, meeting and event spaces, and an interesting option – a possibility to contact resident experts known as voco hosts who are ready to explore the most interesting parts of the city together with guests. voco Grand Central is a perfectly suitable choice for both leisure and business travelers. Read this

24.06.2021

Famous sites of culture and history of Egypt in photoset

Culture and monuments in popular cities of Egypt

Cairo
Hanging Church is a beautiful architectural monument. The first religious building on the site of the church appeared in the 9th century. The chair of the church is made of marble, and its hall is decorated with unique religious artifacts and icons. Every day hundreds of tourists come to the church to admire the beauty of the building and walk through the picturesque courtyard of the church. Bab Zuweila is a striking monument of the Middle Ages. The construction of the monument was completed … Read more
Hurghada
The monastery of St. Paul named after a local hermit is also notable. At the turn of 3rd-4th centuries of our era the hermit has lived in one of the local caves; later it was decided to found a monastery over there. The building is large and fortified; for many years it was used by monks as fortification and saved them from invaders. Currently, an interesting collection of ancient manuscripts, paintings and religious artifacts is kept within walls of the monastery. Several ancient freshwater … Read more
Alexandria
An interesting historic landmark is Villa Ambron where the famous writer Lawrence Darrell lived. Throughout its existence, the building has never been renovated, so now it looks very dilapidated. An important sightseeing facility is the Graeco-Roman Museum housing a huge collection of antique pieces of art. Forty thousand exhibits also include ancient statuettes, elegant vases, and paintings. Fans of walking in picturesque places should think about visiting Montazah Palace Gardens. A beautiful … Read more
Sinai
You can see the Chapel of the Annunciation built in the 4th century in the main temple of the monastery. You can get there only after the liturgy and for a short time, the temple is usually closed after the services. Pilgrims go barefoot on the territory of the chapel. There are 12 chapels in the monastery which you can visit and a local library which has a large number of treatises. At noon, the relics of St. Catherine are brought for people. However, even if you are not religious, you … Read more

Egypt map of cultural and historical sites

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