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St Basil Cathedral, Russia

From series “The Most Astonishing Orthodox Churches”
Year: 1561. Height: 65 m.

A wonderful St. Basil Cathedral has placed at the Red Square in Moscow. It is one of the main religious and architectural landmarks of Russia. This splendid cathedral has been built for 6 years and the first believers visit it in the 1561 year. This cathedral commemorates the capture of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible troops. A great number of marches on Kazan were unsuccessful but in 1552 the tsar decided to take over the leadership of the troops and promised in case of a victory to build a marvellous church.

St Basil Cathedral, Russia When Kazan was conquered Ivan the Terrible turned back to Moscow and ordered to start the building of a new stone church at the place of the old Trinity church. There was used the red brick, which until the middle of the 16th century, was a new building material. The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed has a number of unique peculiarities. It has an unusual architectural form. There is no clearly stated façade.

In 1561 this cathedral was the highest 65 meters peak of Moscow. Now there has placed a Historical museum that is visited by numerous tourists. Nevertheless that at the beginning of the 19th century the church was sacked by French soldiers, some original elements of the precious decoration were saved. There you can see a gorgeous iconostasis, gilded elements and renewed old frescos. The main decoration of the cathedral rooms is the wall oil paintings that were made during the reconstruction of the 19th century. Next - Church of the Resurrection of Christ


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St Basil Cathedral - interactive map


Nearest airports:
 »  Vnukovo Airport VKO - in 25 km
 »  Sheremetyevo Airport SVO - in 27 km
 »  Domodedovo Airport DME - in 41 km
 »  Migalovo Airport KLD - in 165 km
 »  Yaroslavl Airport IAR - in 253 km
 Cities nearby

Best hotels near St Basil Cathedral

Seasons Hostel

Located in 0 km from St Basil Cathedral
Route on the map:
Rooms: 4
All rooms at Seasons Hostel are decorated in bright colours. Guests can use the public kitchen, equipped with a microwave and electric kettle. Moscow … More: photo, rates and booking
Z-Hostel

Located in 1 km from St Basil Cathedral
Route on the map:
Rooms: 4
The bright hostel rooms offer colourful décor. Some rooms have air conditioning, and the shared bathroom facilities are in the hallway. Guests can … More: photo, rates and booking
TVST Apartments Arbat

Located in 2 km from St Basil Cathedral
Route on the map:
Rooms: 2
Smolenskaya Metro Station is a 10-minute walk and provides a direct link to the Red Square. The Christ the Saviour Cathedral is 1 km away from the … More: photo, rates and booking
World hostel

Located in 3 km from St Basil Cathedral
Route on the map:
Rooms: 8
The bright dormitory rooms offer wooden bunk beds and light-coloured décor. The shared bathrooms are in the hallway. Guests can cook their meals in … More: photo, rates and booking

Nearest unique sightseeing spots to visit

Kremlin and Red Square
0 km - Kremlin and Red Square
The Moscow Kremlin and the nearby Red Square are considered to be a single historical object. They are the main historical symbol of the country and its most famous landmark. The construction of the Kremlin took place between 1482 and 1495. The old fortress has 20 …
Monument to Peter I
1 km - Monument to Peter I
In 1997, Russia hosted a large military celebration of the 300th anniversary of the Russian Navy base. This important event coincided with an opening of the new monument in Moscow. It was the magnificent statue of Peter the Great, which is regarded as one of the …
Bulgakov House-Museum
2 km - Bulgakov House-Museum
In Moscow, in House № 10 on Bolshaya Sadovaya street, there is a 'monstrous apartment' - the apartment, where the well-known writer MABulgakov lived since 1921. Apartment № 50 is considered a 'monstrous', because it served as a prototype of the …
Evolution Tower
5 km - Evolution Tower
In Moscow is an interesting twisted skyscraper - the Tower of Evolution. Its twisting form slightly resembles a structure of a DNA molecule. The total area of ​​the 54-story skyscraper is 154000 square meters. Within its walls are various office buildings, as well …
Friendship Cheese Monument
6 km - Friendship Cheese Monument
The monument to the processed cheese 'Druzhba' (Friendship), which is located at the entrance to the Moscow factory of processed cheese 'Karat', is a good confirmation that the strange and peculiar sculptures can be dedicated not only to the sublime …
Ostankino Tower
7 km - Ostankino Tower
You can admire panoramic views of Moscow from the observation platform of the Ostankino TV tower, which is located at an altitude of 340 meters. The tower was completed in 1967. By the end of construction works, it was the tallest building in the world. Currently, two …

Top destination around St Basil Cathedral - Moscow

Sacral art aficionados should definitely visit the Museum of Russian Icons displaying Byzantine and ancient Russian artworks. If you want to learn more about the Russian Orthodox Church, you should go to the Central Andrey Rublev Museum. The Russian National Museum of Music is one of the oldest music museums. Its collection includes original manuscripts, recordings, rare editions, unique musical instruments. The Ochakovo Museum of Traditional Russian Beverages introduces visitors to traditional brewing and kvass-making. Most people will like the final part of the tour most—beverage tasting.

Famous writers, poets, artists, composers often lived in Moscow. Today, their houses are turned into museums, where the original interior is recreated for visitors to feel the presence of former inhabitants. For instance, you should definitely visit the houses where Alexander Pushkin, Mikhail Bulgakov, Anton Chekhov, and Fyodor Dostoevsky used to live. Another cultural institution, Zurab Tsereteli’s Museum, is worth visiting even if you’re not familiar with the sculptor’s work and sculpture in general. You may drastically change your opinion after visiting the museum. If you are looking for something unusual, you can go to Tochka G (G Spot), an erotic art museum, the Museum of Unique Dolls, or the Museum of the History of Corporal Punishment. As for children, they will definitely enjoy a visit to the Museum of Childhood, Zabavushka Museum of Traditional Toys, and the Museum of Chocolate and Cocoa History.
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