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Sweden

Politics, constitution and administrative structure of Sweden

The Kingdom of Sweden operates the system of constitutional monarchy. Since the beginning of the 19th century, the Bernadotte Dynasty has been in power. The legislative arm of the country relies on the Constitution, which was adopted in the year 1975. The head of the country is the King, although his title is quite a formality. Historically, the King participates in all official events in the country, represents his Kingdom on the international arena, but in general does not deal with any important issues. The main functions of the executive branch are largely vested in the government, which is confirmed by the provisions of the current Constitution. At the same time, all decisions taken by the government do not need the approval or signing of the King.
The nature of Sweden fascinates and delights everyone who comes to this country. Behind the Arctic Circle, one can observe a unique natural phenomenon …
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It is worth noting that the King does not even have the right to elect or vice versa – to remove from office, the deputies of the government, the highest judicial staff, and other important officials. In other words, we can say that the main authority of Sweden is the parliament, called Riksdag. Its structure is unicameral and includes about three hundred and fifty officials. Each of them is elected by the proportional system for a term of office of 3 years. It should be noted that practically all issues related to such spheres of activity as trade, transport infrastructure, life and labor protection, health care, maintenance of public order, as well as industry and energy, are within the jurisdiction of the parliament.
The main executive power in the Kingdom of Sweden is the government and the cabinet. It is formed by the parliament itself and the cabinet of ministers carries strict report to the Riksdag. It is worth noting that the government to date also has quite extensive rights, which previously belonged to the King. The government deals with the basic issues of the economy, the social and political life of the Kingdom. This state body also has the right to appoint all senior officials and even the supreme judges. It is the government that is the main leader of the country’s armed forces. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
The Kingdom of Sweden is located on the Scandinavian Peninsula and bordered by the Baltic Sea. For the most part, this is the reason for the …
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When it comes to the administrative division of the state, Sweden is a unitary state that is divided into districts; there are more than 20 of them nowadays, and they are called counties (Lena). Now they are administered by local authorities. Officials get to positions by a voting system, and run a term of office of three years. The activity of all officials from a number of local governments is strictly controlled by governors, who represent a kind of central authority. It is worth noting that every year, Sweden tries to give the municipality more rights and freedoms so that they can independently manage their own budget and solve all important issues for themselves at the local level.
The system of modern courts in Sweden has been operational since the end of the 18th century. It is headed by the Supreme Court, and consists of about 20 advisers, one of whom is appointed by the government chairman. In general, the Supreme Court can be divided into three divisions, in which approximately seven members of the court deal with cases. Also, there are 6 major courts of appeal in Sweden, each of them being located in a separate district of the country and has two or three small offices. Each court consists of five judges who deal with appeals against judgements or sentences. But, despite the developed network of appellate courts, usually not more than 5% of sentences and decisions are appealed.
Sweden is the most visited country in Scandinavia, which is why the country’s transport infrastructure is very good. The country has many roads and …
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The next part of the judicial system is the district courts; there are about a hundred of them within the territory of Sweden. Also in the country are; the supreme administrative court in Stockholm, the administrative court of appeal, and the administrative court of Lena (territorial unit). The foreign policy of the country is based on strict neutrality and lack of desire to join any military blocks. Sweden is an active member of the international community, United Nations, and it even took part in some military operations under the auspices of this organization. Also, the Kingdom of Sweden is a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development of Europe. Thanks to this policy of neutrality, Sweden’s operational capability has risen to a high level. To date, about 3% of the country’s GDP is spent on the military sphere.
Sweden guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Sweden

Places in Sweden famous worldwide

Orebro Castle

From the series “Impressive Castles and Palaces Located on Water”
In the town of Örebro, on the Svarton river is the incredibly beautiful and interesting mysterious palace. Örebro is one of the most important castles in Sweden from a historical point of view. The exact date of its construction is however unknown. For the first time the castle on the great artificial island was mentioned in the 13th century. The founder of the castle is also unknown. According to one of the versions, the castle was founded by Jarl Birger, the ruler of Sweden and the founder of Stockholm.

The first owner of the castle, which greatly enlarged its size, was King Magnus Ericsson. On his orders, the new guard tower was built, which has been the highest construction of Örebro town for several centuries. Already in the 17th century, the mighty castle lost its strategic ... Read all
All unique sightseeing Sweden
Country maps Maps of Sweden
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Car rental in Sweden
Map of cities Cities map of Sweden
Map of sights Map of sights in Sweden
Map of relief Relief map of Sweden

Photogallery of famous places of Sweden

Electorate - mentality of people in Sweden regions

Stockholm
Goteborg
Tourists should have no problems with the language because basically everyone here speaks English. However, it would be appreciated if someone knows at least a few words in Swedish. The main products are fish and seafood. Gothenburg's must-try dishes include fresh oysters, boiled mussels, boiled shrimps, lobsters, … Read more
Malmo
This stunning event was born in the Middle Ages. In those times local people were allowed to fish crayfish only two months per year being August and September. All the year the experts of the fishing craft were getting ready for the crayfish hunting and when the period came the fishermen used the most incredible gears … Read more
Uppsala
Another beautiful holiday tradition of lighting large fires dates back to the late Middle Ages. In ancient times locals believed that this ritual allows to drive witches and evil spirits away from the town. The significant part of celebrations is held in Uppsala Castle (Slottet). During the daytime, local musicians … Read more
Norrkoping
Wandering around the city markets in summer, you can see a huge amount of fresh berries picked in local forests. In summer, berries can be tasted fresh, and for the rest of the year, they are preserved and used frozen. Wonderful cakes and buns, as well as other common desserts, are made with berries. Many of the … Read more
Kalmar
There is an interesting Swedish tradition called “Fika”. It is a meeting with friends or family members that implies drinking coffee and eating desserts. Remarkably, this tradition is typical only in Sweden. Local people love coffee (the country is the second biggest consumer of coffee in the world) and a good … Read more

Sweden: traditions in regions

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