Top architectural sightseeing and landmarks of Budapest - ideas on city exploration routes
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Hungarian Parliament, Budapest
» Construction of the parliament building was conceived after the unification of Buda (the western part of the Hungarian capital situated on the right bank of the Danube) and Pest (the eastern part of the Hungarian capital separated from Buda by the Danube) in 1873.
» The Hungarian Parliament Building is the largest in the country. It consists of 691 rooms, 29 staircases and 10 courtyards.
» The building is very symbolic for the people of the country. Even the height of the central dome (96 meters) is tied to the 896, the date of the conquest of the territory by the Hungarians.
» The Parliament is decorated with dozens of sculptures of heroes of Hungary, including soldiers and great generals, as well as princes of Transylvania.
» About 40 kilograms of gold were used to decorate halls within the building.
Matthias Church, Budapest
» The bell tower of the Matthias Church is 80 meters high, so that’s the tallest building of Buda Castle.
» Almost the entire interior of the church was created in the late 19th century, when the church has undergone a massive rehabilitation and reconstruction.
» One of the interesting interior solutions is using beautiful stained-glass windows.
» The gallery of the church, which leads to the underground crypt, houses the museum of religious art.
St. Stephen Basilica, Budapest
» The height of the cathedral is 96 meters. The building of the St. Stephen Basilica, along with the parliament building, is the tallest building in Budapest.
» The St. Stephen Basilica is one of three largest and most beautiful churches in the country.
» Interior of the church is richly decorated with mosaics made by the best Hungarian artists.
» The altar space houses the statue of St. Stephen. Around the statue of the saint there are five bronze bas-reliefs depicting scenes from his life.
Vajdahunyad Castle, Budapest
» The castle has being built in the period from 1896 to 1908 by architect Ignatz Alpari. The castle has been originally built of wood, and was later rebuilt in stone.
» The Vajdahunyad Castle was built during celebrations of the millennium of Hungary to showcase the elements of the 21 famous buildings of the country.
» Since the castle gathered the parts of buildings from different eras, it reflects various architectural styles: Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque.
» Currently, Vajdahunyad Agricultural Museum is situated in the castle.
National Theatre, Budapest
» The modern building of the National Theatre was opened in 2002.
» The main hall of the National Theatre accommodates 619 spectators.
» The stage of the main hall has dimensions of 24x18 meters and a height of 28 meters.
» The park around the building of the theater is an open stage housing sculptures on the theatrical theme.
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Ethnographic Museum, Budapest
» The museum is dedicated to the culture of Hungarian people, as well as other European and non-European folks from primitive society to the civilized one.
» In total, the museum's collection consists of nearly 200 thousand exhibits, including artwork, photography, clothing, accessories and jewelry from different eras.
» The museum collection embraces the hunting, beekeeping, fisheries, livestock and pastoral labor, agriculture, crafts, food and kitchen utensils, folk costumes and textiles, housing, customs, religion, games, musical instruments and so on.
» Permanent exhibitions are called The Traditional Culture of the Hungarian People from Primitive Communities to Civilization, Hungarian Folk Art and Culture and Life of the People of Africa, Indonesia and Asia.
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest
» The museum was built in 1896 in neo-classical style by the architect Albert Schickedanz and Fulop Herzog.
» Main exhibition of the Museum of Fine Arts consists of six departments: Department of Ancient Egypt, Department of Ancient Art, a collection of old sculpture from Austria and Germany, department of drawings and prints, gallery of new artists (Delacroix, Rodin, Monet, Manet and Cezanne), and old Masters Picture Gallery.
» The Museum of Fine Arts organizes temporary exhibitions, where such famous museums as the Louvre represent their collections.
Kunsthalle Budapest, Budapest
Facts: » Kunsthalle Budapest is the art gallery in Budapest.
» Its exhibition hall has the largest number of exhibitions in the country.
» The exhibition hall was done in the classical style with six columns and bright mosaic on the front; it was opened in 1895.
» Unlike many other galleries, Kunsthalle Budapest doesn’t have its permanent collection, but modern Hungarian and European artists and the art community systematically represent their works there.
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