Excursion tour in Budapest. Top architecture - monuments, castles, temples and palaces
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Buda Castle, Budapest
» The fortress has been rebuilt and restored for several times.
» The oldest part of the present castle was built in the 14th century.
» Gradually, the castle became a cultural center with museums of Budapest (the Hungarian National Gallery, the Budapest History Museum) and the National Library.
» The Buda Castle is decorated with the equestrian statue of Saint Stephen, who was canonized for Christianization of the Hungarians.
State Opera House, Budapest
» The State Opera House is also the main stage for the Hungarian National Ballet.
» The building of the Opera House has a horseshoe shape and occupies the third place on the acoustics in Europe after Milan's La Scala and the Paris Opera House.
» The theater building was constructed in neo-Renaissance style by architect Miklos Ybl and richly decorated by ornaments, sculptures and paintings in Baroque style. Paintings of Bertalan Szekely, Than Mor and Karol Lotz, which can be seen along the stairs inside the building and in the auditorium, are particularly notable.
Szechenyi thermal bath, Budapest
» Baths are supplied with thermal water from the St. Stephen Well Nr.2, which has been put into operation in 1938, and six smaller cold water wells.
» Different types of therapy are available at the bathhouse.
» Healing water of bath is recommended to those suffering from degenerative diseases of joints, as well as to complement the treatments of chronic and semi-chronic inflammation of joints, orthopedic therapy, and post-traumatic rehabilitation.
» Water from Szechenyi thermal bath is used by the Budapest Zoo for bathing hippos, because its chemical make-up is similar to the composition of Nile. Due to that water the hippo family living in the zoo annually gives offspring, although usually hippos aren’t breed in captivity.
Gresham Palace, Budapest
» Facade of the castle is decorated with numerous rounded elements, smooth crossings and floral ornaments.
» World War II and post-war Communist government of Hungary have brought Gresham Palace to ruins. Only in 1989, the palace was passed into the hands of a private owner of the professional management company, Roi, which raised $85 million for restoration of the monument and its conversion into a luxury hotel.
» Since 2004, the Palace Gresham houses the most expensive five-star hotel in Budapest, Seasons.
Museum of Applied Arts, Budapest
» The museum is located in a building constructed in style of Art Nouveau in the 1893-1896.
» Its exhibition features unique works by Hungarian and European art from the 16th century to the present day. The main exhibition of the museum consists of glass, ceramics of the Hungarian factory Zsolnay, textiles, clothing, china, musical instruments, jewelry, tableware, clocks, and family treasures of aristocratic Esterházy family.
» Terraces and balconies located around the perimeter of the huge museum under a glass dome and leading directly to the halls of the exhibition are of particular interest.
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Dohany Street Synagogue, Budapest
» The area of the synagogue is 1,200 m2.
» The height of towers of the buildings is 44 m.
» The synagogue can accommodate more than 3,000 worshipers.
» The synagogue is a 2-storey building with three naves of white and red brick decorated with colored ceramics, amazing cornice and rose-style window.
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