Top architectural sightseeing and landmarks of Krakow - ideas on city exploration routes
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Church at Skalka, Krakow
» The church is one of the most famous Polish sanctuaries.
» According to legend, the name of the church comes from the fact that here in 1079 the Archbishop of Krakow, Stanislaw Holy, was killed on the order of Polish King Boleslaw II.
» The crypt under the church is the national Pantheon, the burial place for some of the most prominent Poles. At the moment 13 Polish figures of culture are buried there.
» In 2005, Pope Benedict XVI conferred the small church the title of the Basilica.
Cloth Hall, Krakow
» Earlier this place was a major center of international trade. Trading hall was the source of a variety of exotic goods from the East, including spices, silk, leather and wax, while Krakow itself exported textiles, lead, and salt.
» Many famous people such as Charles, Prince of Wales, and Emperor Akihito of Japan have visited the Cloth Hall.
» At the top level there is the Gallery of the Polish art of the 19th century, which is a branch of the National Museum in Krakow.
» Barbican is a branch of the Krakow Historical Museum.
» Barbican was built in 1498 to protect Krakow against attacks of troops of Stephen the Great, the Ruler of the Moldavian principality.
» Walls of this structure are 3 meters thick.
» Currently indoor facilities include various museum exhibitions dedicated to Polish Championships in fencing, historical reconstructions and ballroom.
Kazimierz Town Hall, Krakow
» The Town Hall has been built in the 14th century and was reconstructed several times in the 15th century.
» The Town Hall Tower is the only extant part of the medieval Town Hall, which was destroyed in the early 19th century.
» Since 1947, the Town Hall has being housing the Krakow Ethnographic Museum.
» Currently, the museum has a collection of 8,000 objects related to Polish and European history.
Town Hall Tower, Krakow
» Originally it was a wooden building, and then a brick building was erected in 1414.
» For the past several centuries various disasters happened with the Town Hall. The dilapidated and abandoned building was dismantled, leaving a 70 meter tower. Until now, only fragments of the building in the basement and on the first floor have survived.
» In 1960, the city authorities carried out a restoration work, which turned the tower into a worthy and fascinating attraction. Nowadays, Ethnographic Museum is open here.
» The cellars of the old town hall are of the same historical value. In the past, it was used as a city prison, a tavern was also located inside.
» In 1931 the basement was added to the register of monuments of the Małopolska Voivodeship. Now a coffee house is located in the pile, and also there is a stage of the national theatre called "Scene under the Town Hall".
Stara Synagoga, Krakow
» The synagogue was built around 1407. One of the walls served as a protection for a small town. It had only two rooms and only men visited it.
» After a violent fire in 1570, the Italian architect Mateusz Guzzi helped to rebuild the synagogue. A spacious hall and a room for women were built then also.
» During the Second World War, when the Nazis liquidated the Jewish population, there was a warehouse in the synagogue, and all the rich furniture, a centuries-old library, archives were taken to Germany.
» And only in 1959 the city started restoration of the building. Nowadays, here is a museum of culture and history of Jews.
Facts: » Krakow Aquapark is one of the main attractions of the city. That’s the largest water park in Poland.
» Aquapark features a wide variety of open and closed slides, the longest of which is 202 meters.
» Sliding in a purple tube is accompanied by sound and light effects; tube length is 163 meters.
» Yellow (147 m long) and green (107 m long) waterslides are aimed at fans of high speeds.
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