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Slavic heritage. Top 15 UNESCO sites in Russia

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Old temples with skilful frescoes and impregnable medieval fortresses, impenetrable forests and unusual geological formations are not so surprising to modern tourists. Nevertheless, there are a number of historical, architectural and natural attractions that draw the attention of travellers from all over the world. These are sites that are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Each such object is unique, which allows it to carry a special status among others. In Russia, there are more than twenty World Heritage sites. We invite you to get acquainted with the most interesting of them.

Saint Petersburg Centre, Russia

The historical district of Saint Petersburg is a unique cultural and natural landscape. It was the first object in the country included in the World Heritage List. Beautiful palace and park ensembles, ancient churches and cathedrals, parks and ancient manors, as well as the beautiful Neva with its picturesque promenade and a drawbridge - these are the main historical sites that can be seen in St. Petersburg. It is important to note that the historical complex includes some suburban areas with their unique natural landscapes and historical monuments.

Saint Petersburg  Centre, Russia One of the most visited attractions of the complex is the palace and park ensemble of Peterhof. The status of the city, Peterhof acquired in 1762, it was founded in 1710 as an imperial residence. Today, the main value of the museum-reserve is represented by magnificent palaces and a landscape park with many incredibly beautiful sculptures and fountains, several interesting museums operate on the territory of the complex.

Travellers who want to get acquainted with the historical heritage of St. Petersburg, should definitely visit the old part of the city of Kronstadt, as well as see the forts preserved on its territory. The unique object is the Fortress of Oreshek, located on one of the islets in the source of the Neva, and the luxurious palaces of the city of Pushkin are rightly considered to be one of the most beautiful in the country. Many tourists prefer to finish their excursion day on the Neva embankment, admiring the drawbridge. Next - Kremlin and Red Square

Kremlin and Red Square, Russia

Kremlin and Red Square, Russia The Moscow Kremlin and the nearby Red Square are considered to be a single historical object. They are the main historical symbol of the country and its most famous landmark. The construction of the Kremlin took place between 1482 and 1495. The old fortress has 20 towers, the height of which is 80 meters. The scale of the building is amazing. The total length of the Kremlin walls is 2500 meters. Complete article

Novgorod Historic Monuments, Russia

Novgorod Historic Monuments, Russia Veliky Novgorod is also rich in outstanding medieval sights. In the complex of historical sites, one of the most famous and visited is the Znamensky cathedral. It was laid back in 1682 on the site of a dilapidated 14th century temple. Since the moment of foundation, one of the main religious shrines - the icon of the Mother of God - has been kept in the monastery. On the Red Field you can see another religious landmark - the Church of the Nativity of Christ, which is now converted into a museum. Built in the late 14th century, the church is famous for its beautiful frescoes, which today form the basis of the museum's exposition. Complete article

Baikal Lake, Russia

Baikal Lake, Russia Among the natural attractions of Russia, the most famous and amazing one is Lake Baikal. This lake of tectonic origin is located on the territory of Eastern Siberia and is the deepest and largest freshwater lake on the planet. The length of the lake is 636 km, and the width is 79.5 km, the total area of the reservoir reaches a record level of 31,772 square kilometers. As for the depth of the freshwater lake, its average is more than 744 meters, and the maximum reaches 1642 meters. Complete article

Kizhi Pogost, Russia

Kizhi Pogost, Russia In the Republic of Karelia, not far from Petrozavodsk, there is an amazing architectural ensemble of Kizhi, which is also known as the Kizhi Pogost. There is an architectural complex on the homonymous island of Lake Onega. It includes two churches and a bell tower, which were built in the 18th and 19th centuries. The ancient buildings, which can now be seen on the island, were made of tree, they differ in amazing design accuracy and proportionality. It is also worth noting that the complex of buildings in an amazing way is in harmony with the surrounding landscapes. Complete article

Solovetsky Islands Ensemble, Russia

Solovetsky Islands Ensemble, Russia Located among the waters of the White Sea, the Solovetsky Islands are also a centre of historical and architectural sights of world significance. The central place in the architectural complex is occupied by the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Solovetsky Monastery, which was founded in the 30s of the 15th century. The founder of the monastery is St. Philip, who was one of the largest farmers of the state. For a long history of existence the monastery suffered a lot of siege. From 16 to 20 century it was the location of political ecclesiastical prison. Complete article

Vladimir-Suzdal White Monuments, Russia

Vladimir-Suzdal White Monuments, Russia The white-stone monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1992. The complex of eight architectural and historical monuments of the two most ancient cities of Russia was united for the sole reason - all of its architectural sites are monuments of white stone architecture. The complex of monuments includes the church of Boris and Gleb, located in the village of Kidesha. It was built in the second half of the 12th century. Nowadays, the main treasures are preserved fragments of pristine frescoes in the church. Complete article

Trinity Sergius Lavra, Russia

Trinity Sergius Lavra, Russia The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is the largest and most important monastery in Russia. It was founded in the first half of the 14th century. The monastery was given the status of the monastery by the Empress Elizaveta Petrovna, a significant event took place in 1742. For hundreds of years pilgrimage trips have been made from Moscow to the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, in which both ordinary people and representatives of the imperial family took part. Complete article

Ascension Church, Russia

Ascension Church, Russia In the village of Kolomenskoye, Moscow Region, there is the Church of the Ascension of the Lord - an incredibly beautiful religious monument of the 16th century. The founder of the temple is the Moscow prince Vasily III. With the construction of the church many beautiful legends are associated. According to one of them, the prince ordered to begin the construction of the temple after the birth of the long-awaited successor - Prince Ivan the Terrible. The church was laid in 1528. 4 years had been spent on its construction. The place of erection of the church was chosen not accidentally. It was built on a steep bank, not far from a natural key, the water from which, according to locals, was miraculous. Complete article

Virgin Komi Forests, Russia

Virgin Komi Forests, Russia A lot of pleasant surprises await nature lovers in Russia. The most picturesque and remarkable natural areas in the country are the Virgin Komi forests, located on the territory of the Republic of the same name, to north of the Ural Mountains. The area of ​​Europe’s largest untouched forests is 32600 sq. km. The forest has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1995. Complete article

Golden Mountains of Altai, Russia

Golden Mountains of Altai, Russia No less interesting natural object are the Golden Altai Mountains - a nature reserve, which includes three particularly attractive sites of the Altai Mountains. The natural site includes the Altai Reserve itself, the Katunsky Reserve, as well as the Ukok Plateau. The total area of the territory, which is under the protection of UNESCO, is 16178 square kilometers. On the territory of the protected area there are many known geographical objects, including Teletskoye Lake and Belukha Mountain. Complete article

Volcanoes of Kamchatka, Russia

Volcanoes of Kamchatka, Russia The Kamchatka Peninsula is a location of the complex of amazing natural attractions. We are talking about the incredibly beautiful and powerful volcanoes of Kamchatka, whose appearance makes thousands of inquisitive tourists freeze in admiration. Surprisingly, after many years of research, it is still impossible to accurately determine the number of volcanoes located on the peninsula. According to some studies, there are more than a thousand of them. Volcanoes differ in form and size, and in the type of formation. Complete article

Uvs Nuur Basin, Russia

Uvs Nuur Basin, Russia On the border of Russia and Mongolia is the Ubsunur Hollow, the largest closed water basin in Central Asia. From north to south, the extent of the basin is 160 km, and from the west to the east is 600 km, respectively. Today, the amazing Ubsu-Nur basin is a part of the reserve of the same name, the main distinguishing feature of which is the most complex mixture of different ecosystems. Complete article

Curonian Spit, Russia

Curonian Spit, Russia Another amazing sight is to be found on the border of Russia and Lithuania. This is the Curonian Spit, a narrow and long sandy belt of land that originates in the territory of the city of Zelenogradsk in Russia and ends in the territory of Klaipeda in Lithuania. The land strip is a distinctive dividing element between the Curonian Lagoon and the Baltic Sea. The length of the sand spit is about 98 km, and the width varies from 400 to 3800 meters. Complete article

Lena Pillars Nature Park, Russia

Lena Pillars Nature Park, Russia Among the unique natural attractions of Russia, Lena Pillars were especially highlighted. They represent a unique geological formation, which has been formed on the banks of the Lena River. Vertically stretched rocks stretch along the bank of the river for many kilometers, the height of some rock formations reaches 220 meters. According to scientists, the formation of the Pillars began more than 400 thousand years ago. The rocks from which the pillars consist are formed much earlier, about 500 million years ago. Complete article
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Top 15 UNESCO sites in Russia - interactive map

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