Smog instead of oxygen. Top 14 most polluted cities of the planet
The smog, which reduces visibility down to a few meters, the permanent smell of the exhaust gases and the black snow in winter - the inhabitants of the metropolises know these unpleasant and terrible characteristics of the corrupted environment very well. What threatens the corrupt environment? With the chronic diseases and the essential lifetime shortening, or even with the terrible mutations and the full extinction of mankind. For the people who live in the comfortable offices and apartments, such prospects seem very remote and unlikely. Its reality can test the brave travelers who visit the most polluted cities on earth. Even a day spent in such a city can ruin health, at least mental health.
The city of Ahvaz, which is the capital of the Huzestan province, has been considered one of the most polluted cities on earth. The large industrial city, whose population makes over a million human beings, literally suffocates from the thick smog. In 2013, Ahvaz was at the top of the rating system put together by the World Health Organization. The assessment index of air pollution has reached 372 points. The dangerous limit is 300 points.
The reason for the bad ecological conditions in the city are the large petroleum-winning companies and steel foundries. Ahvaz is the country's top rider after the oil recovery level. 'The industrial wealth' of the city now has to pay the city's inhabitants. Most city dwellers constantly wear respirators. The walk through the city without any protective means is extremely unpleasant and dangerous. Today one can hardly imagine it, but a hundred years ago this industrial city, covered with thick smog, was a thriving trading center with its splendid architecture and lush vegetation.
On the streets where today the ugly business buildings are located were once the large storage rooms - here the sweetest sugar was preserved in Western Asia. The drought and hot climate makes the bad ecological situation much more difficult. In the period from May to September the daily air temperature often rises above 40 degrees. Few rains, glutheiss heat and dangerous concentration of the dust in the air - such an environment is a real destiny for the locals. Next - Ulaanbaatar
The list of the most polluted city-dwellers in the world contains the capital of Mongolia - the city with the proud name of Ulan-Bator, which can be literally translated as 'the Red Reckon'. The population of the large city is more than 1.2 million people. The town is located in the wonderfully beautiful mountainous region, in the valley of the Tuul river. The active development of the industry has totally destroyed the ecology of the picturesque city in less than 50 years. At present, almost half of the country's industrial complexes are located in the city center. Complete article
Ludhiana is one of the most densely populated cities in India. Over the past 10 years, the number of their population has increased more than twice, and is now about 3.5 million people. Ludhiana is one of the largest industrial centers in India, although there are no really large establishments here. The number of small industrial centers is simply huge. There is probably no type of product which is not produced here. Complete article
The capital of Botswana - Gaborone, whose population is about 227 thousand people, is at the doorstep of the ecological disaster. Despite the high air pollution level, which is the reason for the numerous industrial companies, Gaborone is still regarded as the popular tourist center. The large industrial city is a location for stock exchanges and banks, car dealers and business centers. The numerous business travelers visit the capital of Botswana every year. Complete article
One of the polluted cities of the world is Agbogbloshi. It is incredibly dangerous to live in this city. It was not always the case, however, that the ecology of one of the largest cities in Ghana had spoiled itself in just a few years, when the garbage heap of electronics was organized in the muddy semi-desert terrain. This is where the largest developed countries produce millions of tonnes of 'digital' waste each year. At present, the landfill at Agbogbloshi is the largest landfill on the planet. Complete article
The air in Dzerzhinsk has the increased concentration of toxic pollutants that threaten the locals. Even more than 50 years ago, this city was the huge center of the chemical industry. Dzerzhinsk has maintained this important industrial status to this day. In Dzerzhinsk not only household chemicals, but also chemical weapons are produced. In the surroundings of the city is one of the largest landfill of industrial waste in the world. The ecologists from the different countries know the unsuccessful Igumnovo district. Complete article
Kabwe city, located in Zambia, has serious ecological problems. The city was founded about a century ago. At present, about 220 thousand people live on the city terrarium. In the beginning of the 20th century, the large zinc deposits were discovered in central Zambia. The development of industry has contributed to the formation of the new large city. The extraction of lead and zinc has been stopped in local mines more than 20 years ago. However, the results of soiling of the soil and the air with the heavy metals are still detectable up to now. Complete article
Nuclear disaster, which happened in 1986 on the Chernobyl plant, is considered one of the greatest ecological catastrophes in human history. Their consequences for the once flourishing industrial city became irreparable. Today Chernobyl is the empty ghost town, which is absolutely unsuitable for life. The huge emission of radioactive pollutants in the explosion became the largest in the whole history of atomic energy. Even today, it is very dangerous to visit the city, as the radiation level is still high. Complete article
Hazaribagh city had got the status of the large tannery center many centuries ago. In recent years, the extent of production has become much greater, although the tanning methods on some establishments have remained constant for several hundred years. There are about 300 leather factories in Bangladesh. More than 90% of this is located in Hazaribagh. The technologies that are used on some companies are not only outdated, but also incredibly dangerous to the environment. Complete article
Norilsk is a large industrial center whose ecology is considered the worst in the country. The development of the mining industry has led to the construction of the huge factories in Norilsk, which have added irreparable damage to their ecology in just a few years. Hydrogen sulphide, heavy metal salts, sulfuric acid, chlorine, and fluorine-containing hydrogen are only a part of the exhaustive list of pollutants emitted by plants into the atmosphere every day. Complete article
The city of Linfen, which is located in the central part of China, is a major center of the coal industry. In addition to the large factories involved in the processing of coal, there are a number of companies producing foodstuffs in the town district. The result of developed industry is the increased content of carbon, lead and chemical substances of organic origin in the air. Complete article
From the ecological point of view, the cities of the world are worth mentioning the Azerbaijani city Sumgait - the great center of the chemical industry. According to 2012, about 285 thousand people live in the city, many of which work in the industrial sector. Gradually, the chemical industry was not the main industry of the city; In Sumgait, today there are large machine builders, food processing companies, as well as the major centers that produce the building materials. Complete article
La Oroya, Peru
A really tragic situation prevails in the Peruvian city of La Oroya. In 1922, Doe Run Corporation from the United States opened the Great Ironworks, which destroyed the flora and fauna of the region in less than one hundred years and brought thousands of people into danger of death. La Oroya is one of the few places in the world where the acid energies have been active for several years. Complete article