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Kremlin and Red Square, Russia

From series “Top 15 Unesco Sites in Russia”
Year: 1495.

The Moscow Kremlin and the nearby Red Square are considered to be a single historical object. They are the main historical symbol of the country and its most famous landmark. The construction of the Kremlin took place between 1482 and 1495. The old fortress has 20 towers, the height of which is 80 meters. The scale of the building is amazing. The total length of the Kremlin walls is 2500 meters.

Kremlin and Red Square, Russia The Kremlin is the oldest historical part of Moscow. Many elements of the building have survived to our days in an unchanged form. Today, in the territory of the ancient fortress there are a number of outstanding sights, including the Assumption and Annunciation Cathedrals, the Grand Kremlin Palace itself and the Granite Chamber. In the Kremlin there are two unique Russian monuments - the Tsar Cannon and the Tsar Bell. The Kremlin is a current residence of the President of the Russian Federation, which allows us to consider it the largest surviving current fortress in Europe.

The Red Square is worth separate mentioning. It is the main square of the capital and is a witness of a number of important historical events. The area strikes its scale, its length is 330 meters, and the width is 75 meters, respectively. Around the square there are many important sights, including the Lenin Mausoleum, the Historical Museum and the Kazan Cathedral. For many years, the Red Square has been the venue for important social events, for more than 20 years it has regularly held grandiose concerts, and since 2006 every winter the largest ice rink in the country has been poured into the square. Next - Novgorod Historic Monuments

Saint Petersburg  Centre, Russia Saint Petersburg Centre, Russia
  Saint Petersburg  Centre, Russia   Novgorod Historic Monuments, Russia  
Novgorod Historic Monuments, Russia Novgorod Historic Monuments, Russia

Kremlin and Red Square - interactive map

Useful staff nearby

ATM bankomat: 'Petrokommerts' located in 0.41 km ( check the route on the map).
Car rental office: 'Black & White Cars' is located in 0.47 km ( on the map).
Fuel station: 'TNK' in 1.56 km
Supermarket: 'Гастроном N1' in 0.38 km
Parking: 'Stayling Tsentr' in 0.39 km
Apotheek: '36'6 Set' Aptek' in 0.38 km
Police station: 'UVD TsAO, Kitay-gorod' in 0.55 km
Cafe/restaurant: '1 Red Square' in 0.36 km
Railway station: 'Moskovskiy Metrostroy' in 2.23 km

Nearest airports:
 »  Vnukovo Airport VKO - in 25 km
 »  Sheremetyevo Airport SVO - in 26 km
 »  Domodedovo Airport DME - in 41 km
 »  Migalovo Airport KLD - in 165 km
 »  Yaroslavl Airport IAR - in 254 km
 Cities nearby

Best hotels near Kremlin and Red Square


Located in 0 km from Kremlin and Red Square
Route on the map:
Rooms: 4
The bright hostel rooms offer colourful décor. Some rooms have air conditioning, and the shared bathroom facilities are in the hallway. Guests can … More: photo, rates and booking
Hostel Wind

Located in 1 km from Kremlin and Red Square
Route on the map:
Rooms: 6
The simply furnished dormitories come with air conditioning. Guests use shared bathroom facilities. A shared kitchen is located on site. A wide … More: photo, rates and booking
Wafers Hostel

Located in 2 km from Kremlin and Red Square
Route on the map:
Rooms: 4
The simple rooms feature air conditioning or a fan. Bathrooms are shared. The hostel has a fully equipped shared kitchen and lounge area. Various … More: photo, rates and booking
World hostel

Located in 3 km from Kremlin and Red Square
Route on the map:
Rooms: 8
The bright dormitory rooms offer wooden bunk beds and light-coloured décor. The shared bathrooms are in the hallway. Guests can cook their meals in … More: photo, rates and booking

Nearest unique sightseeing spots to visit

St Basil Cathedral
0 km - St Basil Cathedral
A wonderful St. Basil Cathedral has placed at the Red Square in Moscow. It is one of the main religious and architectural landmarks of Russia. This splendid cathedral has been built for 6 years and the first believers visit it in the 1561 year. This cathedral …
Monument to Peter I
1 km - Monument to Peter I
In 1997, Russia hosted a large military celebration of the 300th anniversary of the Russian Navy base. This important event coincided with an opening of the new monument in Moscow. It was the magnificent statue of Peter the Great, which is regarded as one of the …
Bulgakov House-Museum
2 km - Bulgakov House-Museum
In Moscow, in House № 10 on Bolshaya Sadovaya street, there is a 'monstrous apartment' - the apartment, where the well-known writer MABulgakov lived since 1921. Apartment № 50 is considered a 'monstrous', because it served as a prototype of the …
Evolution Tower
4 km - Evolution Tower
In Moscow is an interesting twisted skyscraper - the Tower of Evolution. Its twisting form slightly resembles a structure of a DNA molecule. The total area of ​​the 54-story skyscraper is 154000 square meters. Within its walls are various office buildings, as well …
Friendship Cheese Monument
6 km - Friendship Cheese Monument
The monument to the processed cheese 'Druzhba' (Friendship), which is located at the entrance to the Moscow factory of processed cheese 'Karat', is a good confirmation that the strange and peculiar sculptures can be dedicated not only to the sublime …
Ostankino Tower
7 km - Ostankino Tower
You can admire panoramic views of Moscow from the observation platform of the Ostankino TV tower, which is located at an altitude of 340 meters. The tower was completed in 1967. By the end of construction works, it was the tallest building in the world. Currently, two …

Top destination around Kremlin and Red Square - Moscow

The Moscow Kremlin and the Red Square remain the main symbols of the Russian capital. The Kremlin building was constructed in the 12th century and served as the main defensive structure. For several hundred years, it was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt, while the Red Square witnessed a number of important historical events. Since the construction of the Kremlin, important public gatherings, fairs, and celebrations have been held here. Today the capital's main square is a favorite walking place among local residents and guests of Moscow.

The capital is famous for its modern architectural monuments, including the famous "Moscow City" Business Center. It is a complex of skyscrapers featuring the original futuristic design. The height of the main building reaches 235 meters. It's nice to admire the high-rise buildings on a sunny day when their mirror facades reflect the sun's rays.

One of the capital's most recognizable religious sights is the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. It was built at the beginning of the 19th century soon after the end of the Patriotic War of 1812. The construction of the temple lasted more than forty years. In the post-revolutionary period, the cathedral was completely destroyed, and it was decided to erect the Palace of Soviets on its site. The city authorities began the reconstruction of the religious monument in 1994, and in three years the cathedral was finally open to the public.
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