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Australia

Cultural sightseeing in Australia. What to visit - museums, temples, castles and palaces

Adelaide Street Australia is an extraordinary country, occupying a whole continent, including several islands. The largest and oldest city in the country is Sydney, standing on the shore of the Tasman Sea bay. Walking along it can take several days, which is not surprising: the city has the most famous and amazing tourist sites in Australia. Among them is the Sydney Opera House. This symbol of the country is the creation of the Danish architect Jorn Utzon. The Structure stands on stilts right in the water. Its massive roof, reminiscent of flying sails or giant shells, is supported by metal cables. The unusual design of this masterpiece of modern architecture symbolizes the frozen image of music.
Monuments and architectural objects, notable for the history and culture of the country. …
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In Sydney, is situated the national shrine of Australia – the Cathedral of the Virgin Mary. Its Neo-Gothic building was erected from golden sandstone in place of the former, destroyed by fire in the second half of the 19th century. The architecture of the Cathedral is characteristic of the English Gothic Renaissance. The interior is decorated with magnificent stained-glass windows, and masterpieces of painting. One of Australia’s most interesting attractions is Fort Denison, built on the site of a prison for dangerous criminals. Today, the fortress is part of the Sydney Harbor National Park complex. There is an artillery museum on its territory. One of the most unusual constructions of the country is the Sydney Tower. High-speed elevators bring tourists to the observation deck, located at an altitude of more than two hundred meters, from where amazing views of the metropolis with its skyscrapers, ships in the bay, and the azure ocean openings are seen.
The capital of Australia is Canberra, the largest city in the interior of the country. It is here that all the sights of national importance are located. One of them is the old house of Parliament on the Metropolitan Hill. In the building of architectural value, there is today the Museum of Political History of Australia. In the premises of the Parliamentary Library there is the Museum of Australian Democracy. In Acton, the suburbs of the capital, is located the National Museum of Australia, built in a postmodern style. Part of the Museum’s exposition is devoted to the culture of Aboriginal people, among them drawings on tree bark, and stone tools. Here you can also see the prototype of the first Australian car and the exhibits devoted to the Sydney Olympics in 2000. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
The best way to start exploration of Australia is to visit Sydney – the most beautiful and matchless city of the country. You will find old …
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Canberra is famous for its memorials, the most interesting of which is the Australian War Memorial. A strict monumental structure of light brick is crowned with an impressive bronze dome. On the walls of the memory hall and on the slabs behind the arches, are carved the names of the places where the Australian soldiers fell in battles, and the names of the dead. In other parts of the memorial are dioramas of battles, samples of military equipment, and battle paintings. Nearby you can see a Japanese submarine flooded off the coast of Australia. The memorial to Captain James Cook was built in honor of the bicentenary of the first voyage of the famous pioneer. It is a composition from a fountain and a huge globe with the trajectory of the Pacific voyage of Cook passing along it on the Australian shores.
Perth City Art enthusiasts should visit the Melbourne Arts Center – a grand complex consisting of several sites. One of them is the National Theater, where theatrical and opera performances are staged. Nearby are situated the Concert Hall “Hamer Hall”, and the open concert stage “Sydney Mayer Music Bowl”, where world famous music festivals are held. Sports fans can go to the Olympic Park, dedicated to the Summer Olympics in Melbourne in 1956. It is this event that made the city the sports center of Australia. The Park has preserved the atmosphere of the previous years. Today it unites arenas, swimming pools, tennis courts, and the “Melbourne Park” Sports Complex with the cricket stadium “Melbourne Cricket Ground”, basketball courts, and a skating rink.
The national cuisine of Australia is one of the most exotic and diverse culinary traditions, in which the taste preferences of many people of the …
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Melbourne is home to the large Anglican Cathedral of Saint Paul. This Majestic Building attracts tourists with its unusual decoration and beautiful architecture. One of the largest Organ of the 19th century is played in the cathedral. Traveling in Australia, it is worth taking a ride on the most scenic route of the world – the Great Ocean Road, stretching for more than two hundred miles along the coast of Victoria. Along the way, opens up a good overview of some natural attractions. On the beautiful island of Tasmania is located one of the sinister places of detention for convicts – the prison of Port Arthur. In the perfectly preserved building today is a museum that reliably reproduces the conditions of detention of prisoners. On its territory there is also a church and a chapel.
Australia guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Australia

Reference information
Map of all art museums
Art galleries in Australia
♥   Art museum 'Art Gallery of New South Wales' Sydney. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Art Gallery of South Australia' Adelaide. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Art Gallery of Western Australia' Perth. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Ballarat Fine Art Gallery' Ballarat. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Geelong Art Gallery' Geelong. On the map   Photos
Map of all churches
Cathedrals and basilicas in Australia
♥   National Shrine of St Anthony, Hawthorn. On the map   Photos
♥   Church of St Francis, Melbourne. On the map   Photos
♥   St Patrick’s Cathedral, East Melbourne. On the map   Photos
♥   National Shrine of St Thérèse of Lisieux, Kew. On the map   Photos
♥   Sts Peter and Paul Ukrainian Catholic Cathedral, North Melbourne. On the map   Photos
♥   Cathedral of St. Alphonsa, Melbourne. On the map   Photos
♥   St Patrick’s Cathedral, Ballarat. On the map   Photos
Map of all palaces
Palaces in Australia
♥   Palace 'Admiralty House' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Government House' Darwin. On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Kirribilli House' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'The Lodge' . On the map   Photos

Extreme Guinness-type places in Australia

SS Ayrfield Wrecks

From the series “The Surviving Remains of Shipwrecks You Can Observe Yourself”
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Arnhem Land Plate

From the series “Famous Stables of Ancient People”
Arnhem Land Plateau is one of the most popular place from the archeological point of view in Australia. Now it is a part of a huge National Park. The Nawarla Gabarnmang is a rock shelter in southwestern Arnhem Land, where were found the traces of petroglyphs, which age goes up to 28 000 years. On these paintings the researchers have made out the huge birds, which looked like the real one, which lived on the planet 40 000 years ago. It says that the first petroglyph has appeared there much earlier that it was mentioned.

The main part of the paintings depicts typical animals – tortoises, lizards and crocodiles. Now Arnhem Land Plateau is a part of the enormous Kakadu National Park. As a long years ago, the territory of the plateau is populated only with the aborigine tribes. Their type … Read all
All unique sightseeing Australia
Country maps Maps of Australia
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Car rental in Australia
Map of cities Cities map of Australia
Map of sights Map of sights in Australia

Top Destinations for Sustainable Tourism

The winners are not surprising. It is not hard to find a sustainable hotel in Stockholm or Helsinki, and there is a reason for that. Sweden ranked as the most sustainable destination in the world, followed by Finland, Austria, Estonia, and Norway. Not only these countries strive to decrease the negative impact of tourism on the environment but also offer many interesting opportunities for guests. Read this

10.05.2021

Top cultural sites of Australia: monuments, theaters and churches

Art Gallery of NSW, Sydney

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Art Gallery of New South Wales is the largest public gallery in Sydney and the fourth largest in Australia.
» The Gallery was built in 1897 in the classical style. In the same year the first two exhibition halls have been open; two more opened two years later.
» Exterior of the building is decorated with bronze sculptures symbolizing the contribution of the four great civilizations, Roman, Greek, Assyrian and Egyptian, to art.
» You can see works by many Australian artists of the 19th and 20th centuries in the gallery. There are also works by Rubens, Canaletto, Picasso, Rodin, Monet, Cezanne and other renowned artists.
» You can visit exhibition halls with Australian, European and Asian art for free.

Brougham Place Church, Adelaide

Location on the map:   Interesting facts: » Brougham Place Uniting Church is a church in North Adelaide. The House of God is a local attraction.
»  The facade of the building faces the green recreation area. It is faced with light brown sandstone blocks. They attached to each other so tightly that make the construction monolithic.
»  The staircases lead to the entrance. They are separated with narrow rails. There are lanterns at the bottom of the stairs.
»  The main entrance of three doors is framed with small columns. Their tops have arched framing. There are round stained glass rose windows above them. There is a three-tiered tower above the central doorway.
»  The construction was projected by the architect Thomas Frost. The first stone was laid in the foundation on 15 May 1860. Eleven years later, the tower was added to the main building. It is crowned by a metal patterned spire.
»  The outer walls are blank. In the walls, there are small niches with columns inside.
»  The lecture hall appeared in 1878.
»  The organ was placed in the church only in 1871. It was quite strong at that time. The church is located on Brougham Place.
»  It had belonged to the Congregational Church before.

Cathedral of St. Stephen, Brisbane

Location on the map:   Interesting facts: » The first stone of the future Cathedral of St Stephen was laid in late December 1863, on the Christian Great Martyr Remembrance Day.
»  The construction began in 1874 thanks to donations from laymen. The chapel standing nearby was designed by another architect. The cathedral was constructed in 1922.
»  Tuff, sandstone and porphyry were the foundation stones. Everything has signs of the modern Catholic style elements. It can be noticed in the spire on the turret as well.
»  The stained glass windows on the east side were once delivered from Munich. One of the windows is known as the "Mayne" window. It was made by an Irish craftsman.
»  On sunny days, the colourful glass windows create a fancy pattern on the stone floor tiles and walls.
»  The temple seems small from the outside, while the internal layout looks spacious because of huge ceilings. Following the best English traditions, the chants to the sounds of a unique organ can be heard in the holy place. They are performed by male choirs on Catholic holidays.
»  Numerous buildings were gradually erected on the territory of the cathedral: a school, a bishop's house, business premises for the Metropolis, a meeting hall. They are all different in architectural style.

Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The Museum of Contemporary Art is the leading venue in the country. The museum collects exhibits of contemporary art in Australia and other countries.
» Sydney Museum of Contemporary Art was opened in 1991. Earlier the walls of the building housed maritime radio services, and in 1989 the building was given to the museum.
» The museum building constructed in Art Deco style, recently was the object of reconstruction, due to which nowadays the museum has more exhibition space.
» Museum collection consists of a wide variety of trends in contemporary art, from painting and sculpture to new media. The venue regularly hosts exhibitions and retrospectives of artists, as well as personal exhibitions and works by young artists.
» The main exhibition can be viewed for free. However, special exhibitions of foreign and Australian artists have admission fee.

National Railway Museum, Adelaide

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The exhibition space of the museum impresses with its size. It is divided into two hangars. Some exhibits are displayed on the open platform but are not subjected to natural forces.
»  The museum is aimed at showing railway mechanisms and trains and at telling the history of the development of services in this field. Here, it is also interesting to learn about the facilities in carriages and conditions, in which people travel. You can not only see everything inside, but also touch exhibits. There is the replica of luxury compartments with leather furniture.
»  For tourists’ convenience, a small train with an open platform travels around the territory. It runs on coal.
»  Exhibitions stands are miniature but it is easy to understand what they mean.
»  More than 400 railway exhibits also include carriages and locomotives. The museum has a total area of 8 hectares.
»  Here, you can see such interesting exhibits, as the train traveling by the same route since 1862, the fastest locomotive running at a maximum speed of 202.7 kmh, and the compartment where queens traveled. Graphic pictures of the schedule, tickets, outfits of workers, and movable models of trains are not the full list of historical exhibits kept here.

South Australian Museum, Adelaide

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» In the city, there is a six-storey building that has a view of the life-sized skeleton of the cachalot. Here, you can see exhibits of the South Australian Museum.
»  The idea of building such a cultural institution was born in 1834. The exhibits in the museum will tell you about how the development of human beings.
»  3 thousand artifacts represent Papua New Guinea and Oceania. You can see the biodiversity of South Australia on the stands.
»  There is a special sector for cultural items of Australian aborigines. The other sector is dedicated to the cultural development of Ancient Egypt.
»  The gallery of the museum will acquaint you with the features of the region, its flora and fauna. You can learn about animals dwelling here at one time, for example, about the Tasmanian tiger.
»  On the shelves for the geological collection, you can see different minerals, fragments of meteorites, and fossils.
»  These exhibits have been found for 150 years. Scientific researches are also conducted here.
»  In the museum, there is also the department determining the origin of artifacts. Anyone can contact it to identify an ancient object and determine its value.

St John Cathedral, Brisbane

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The cathedral rises in the centre of the business district. The third bishop of Brisbane appealed to citizens asking them to help with the construction of the church.
»  The facade is made of stone. The pointed turrets, narrow lancet stained-glass windows, granite and basalt columns propping up the dome are characteristic of the neo-gothic European style.
»  The architectural plan was presented at the end of the 19th century. A son of the architect made a design change in 1947. The construction itself lasted for as long as a century. (1887-2009)
»  The temple was consecrated in the presence of 1,500 people. St. John's Cathedral was built on the site of the oldest All Saints Anglican Church (1862) with a wooden tower.
»  Helidon sandstone, which is a mixture of different minerals, was used for cladding the cathedral. It collects embroidered items and things carved from wood, glass and stone, made by local craftsmen. The collection of four hundred pillows depicts local flora and fauna.
»  Tourists can climb a narrow spiral staircase to get to the bell tower. The modern belfry was opened about 10 years ago and occupies 2 floors. 12 bells are hung on the upper floor. They still traditionally chime.

St Paul Cathedral, Melbourne

Location on the map:     Interesting facts:
» The St. Paul Cathedral is the largest Anglican cathedral situated in the heart of Melbourne.
» The St. Paul Cathedral was built in the Gothic style; the famous English architect William Butterfield was the author of the project.
» The stone in the foundation of the cathedral was laid in 1880. The cathedral was consecrated on 22 January 1891. The majestic tower and the spire of the cathedral still weren’t ready till 1926.
» One of the main attractions of the church is the pipe organ imported from England; it’s regarded as one of the largest organs built in the 19th century. It’s considered one of the best surviving works of famous master T. Lewis.
» The spire of St. Paul Cathedral in Melbourne is the second tallest in the world of the Anglican Communion, second only to the cathedral in Salisbury.

Culture and monuments in popular cities of Australia

Sydney
Next to it there is another important symbol of the city - Harbor Bridge - which is called ‘hanger’ among locals. The Harbor is one of the largest arch bridges in the world. It was completed in 1932. The construction took eight years; in the erection of a bridge over one and a half thousand workers were employed. Today, Harbor is not only among the most important sights of Sydney, but it is also the most recognizable landmark of the continent. There is also the tallest building in the … Read more
Melbourne
The most famous cultural establishment of the city is considered to be The Victorian Art Centre being an established place for holding most various events. Opera concerts and dramatic performances, theatrical productions and ballet company performances are a few types of events one can find in the center’s poster advertisement. The city has preserved numerous historical buildings many of which survived in the long course of history unharmed and today appear in their initial look. Among … Read more
Brisbane
Art Gallery is known as one of the most prestigious exhibition venues of the country. Here are best artists of Australia show off their works. In addition numerous exhibitions that are conducted here all the time the gallery features a permanent exhibition devoted to the works by the Australian Aborigines. We should definitely note that the entrance to the gallery is completely free. You will also find Contemporary Art Gallery nearby. This gallery was opened in 2006. The spacious halls of the … Read more
Perth
In the heart of the city is the Western Australian Museum founded in 1891. The museum's halls present an interesting collection of natural science exhibits: collections of butterflies and replicas of prehistoric animals, an extensive collection of meteorites, as well as countless unique archaeological exhibits. The Western Australian Museum is one of the largest in the Southern Hemisphere. Part of its space is allocated for holding all kind of exhibitions and cultural events. The museum … Read more
Adelaide
Connoisseurs of art are recommended to visit Lion Center, which has become the permanent venue of Fringe Festival. In you will find several exhibition galleries, a large cinema and a theater in the Arts Center. Fans of theatre art will be interested in visiting Festival Center. This is a unique Art Nouveau building, which was built in 1977. Its magnificent theater can simultaneously accommodate up to two thousand visitors. This is also the largest theater in the country. Museum of Immigration … Read more
Canberra
Continue your acquaintance with history and culture of the city in National Museum of Australia, which was opened in 1980. The exhibition of the museum is devoted to indigenous people of Australia, their culture and social problems of the society. Among the exhibits visitors will find a collection of old photographs and historical documents, ceremonial clothing and jewelry, and even a collection of cars and household items. The most famous and beautiful architectural monument of Canberra is … Read more
Tasmania
Coal mines, where convicts once worked, have survived too. Today they have tourist value only; a fascinating tour to mines would tell visitors about the island's colonial past. There are also old factories in Tasmania, the most famous and attractive among which is the Cascades Female Factory. One of the five most important attractions, the Probation Station, is in Darlington. The most famous monument of colonial culture is Brickendon and Woolmers Estates. Travelers who want to experience the … Read more

Australia map of cultural and historical sites

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