Excursion tour in Warsaw. Top architecture - monuments, castles, temples and palaces
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Palace of Culture and Science, Warsaw
» The building was constructed using the model of Soviet Stalinist skyscrapers as a gift of the Soviet Union to the Polish people.
» Nowadays, the Palace of Culture and Science is one of the ten highest skyscrapers of the European Union.
» The height of this 42-storey skyscraper is almost 168 meters, or 237 meters with a spire. The building has 3,288 rooms.
» Today the skyscraper serves as the office building and the exhibition center; the headquarters of a number of companies and government agencies are situated there. The Palace of Culture and Science houses cinemas, museums, bookstores, academic institutions, pools, theater and the largest conference room in Poland serving up to 3,000 people.
» The 30th floor of the building at a height of 114 meters has an observation deck offering panorama of the city.
Holy Cross Church, Warsaw
» Columns of the temple house the urn with the hearts of Frederic Chopin and Wladyslaw Reymont.
» In 1944, during the Warsaw Uprising, the church was severely damaged; the facade of the building was destroyed along with arches and the altar, The Lord's Supper and The Crucifixion were damaged too.
» After the uprising the church was blown up by the Germans in January 1945.
» In the period from 1945 to 1953, the church was restored, but interior has undergone some changes, neither baroque nor frescoes have survived. The main altar was restored between 1960 and 1972.
» In 2002, Pope John Paul II has given the status of the minor basilica to the Church of the Holy Cross.
Grand Theatre, Warsaw
» The Grand Theatre in Warsaw is officially one of the largest theaters in Europe.
» Operas, ballets, concerts, as well as celebrations and other events are held in the halls of the theater.
» The theatre has two rooms, a large hall of 1,841 seats and small of 200 seats, where performances are held too.
» During World War II, the theater was completely destroyed by the Germans, but by 1965 the building was restored.
St. John Archcathedral, Warsaw
» The St. John Archcathedral was built in 12-14th centuries; during World War II it was blown up and razed to the ground. Now the building is fully restored.
» The temple was built in the style of brick Gothic; its unusual silhouette is clearly visible from the Castle Square. Interior of the cathedral attracts attention with the vaulted ceiling, the altar of sophisticated work and the chapel of the Immaculate Conception in Rococo style.
» The St. John Archcathedral has always served as a spiritual and national center of Poland. This is where the most important contracts were signed, monarchs were crowned and the most famous people in the country found repose.
» In the temple you can see tombstones and sarcophagi of princes Mazowiecki, the last Polish king Stanislaw Poniatowski, writer Henryk Sienkiewicz and others. Tombstones decorated with sculptures and fine workmanship are of considerable artistic value.
St. Alexander Church, Warsaw
» The church was erected in 1818 - 1825 to commemorate the visit of the Russian Emperor Alexander I.
» The Church is a building in classical style based on the image of the Roman Pantheon.
» During the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, the building of the church was largely destroyed. The lower surviving part of the temple was given to the congregation in winter of 1945.
» In 50-ies of 20th century it was decided to restore the church in miniature, similar to the original form.
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