Before we start our brief description of Salzburg sights, it is worth mentioning that this city has been completely rebuilt by order of Archbishop Wolf Dietrich, who was by his nature a braggart and a fan of luxury. Therefore, he built many monasteries, parks, churches, and Salzburg Cathedral. Not only the archbishop himself, but also his followers were very, very rich. They ended up acquiring all the salt mines of the Salzburg land. They also were the owners of numerous large farms. However, Wolf Dietrich was, without a doubt, the richest. When the number of children of the archbishop reached 12, he ordered to build the Mirabell Palace for them. After this the Pope decided that this was too much. Wolf Dietrich spent his last years in prison in the Hohensalzburg Fortress. Without several generations of rich archbishops Salzburg would have never looked the way it looks now.
1. The best time to visit the city is during warm months of a year. It’s quite cold in Salzburg in winter, and this fact can prevent you from enjoying various excursions and entertainments. 2. ...
The Cathedral (show on map
) was constructed by order of the aforementioned Archbishop Wolf Dietrich, who had ordered to build this monumental structure on the site of the old cathedral. However, his original plans have not become the reality - during the construction of the cathedral its size was slightly reduced. Despite this fact, today this is still a very large church that can accommodate up to 10,000 people. The grand opening of the cathedral took place in 1628. Today this is one of the most beautiful sights of Salzburg. The decoration of the cathedral can be seen in a separate museum.
The Church and Churchyard of St. Peter.
While in Salzburg, do not forget to visit the Church of St. Peter
and the cemetery near it. At one time the church was completely rebuilt and luxuriously designed, but comparing to the cathedral this is a small and a cozy church. Many years ago the church was owned by the Benedictine abbey of St. Rupert. St. Rupert himself has been buried in the churchyard, the younger brother of the famous composer Haydn is also buried there. The oldest cemetery in Salzburg is located next to the church. This place has often become the venue for “on location” filming of various movies. This is the place where you will see catacombs carved in the rock. The catacombs are open on certain hours.
Getreidegasse – Pferdeschwemme Street.
Salzburg conquers the hearts of travelers by its unusual national celebrations. January is the time for the holiday known as "Perchten Procession" - a solemn procession. Absolutely everyone can...
If you cross the city bridge and go to the other bank of the river, you will come directly to Getreidegasse Street
. This narrow and very beautiful street with numerous shops is the place where the birthplace house of Mozart
is located. Walk towards Mönchsberg, and not far from the same named tunnel you will see a beautiful fountain. Many years ago Pferdeschwemme
was the bathing place for 120 horses of Archbishop Wolf Dietrich, who had ordered to build new stables on this site (now this place is called the Festspielhaus).
Residenzplatz Square - Mozart Square (Mozartplatz) - Kapittel Square (Kapittelplatz).
These squares are connected and can, therefore, confuse any tourist wandering there. Kapittel Square
is home to a wonderful fountain and Residenzplatz
has a fountain located right in its center. Previously, this place was home to a cemetery and a residential area, but by order of Archbishop Wolf Dietrich the area was demolished and released for the beautiful square and the Residence Palace. The palace can be visited with a guide. This beautiful building will give an idea of the luxury in which archbishops lived. There is also a museum in the palace. Mozart Square
is decorated with the statue of Mozart right in the center. Here visitors will be certainly attracted by the church of St. Michaels and Café Glockenspiel.
The Franziskaner Church and the Collegium Church.
Salzburg is a real finding for fans of outdoor activities. The city features incredibly huge number of parks, gardens and pedestrian streets, so there’s no wonder why walks and cycling remain the...
Both the churches are located close to each other, and both are definitely worth visiting. The Collegium Church is a university church, so its main altar is mostly decorated with science related motives. This is a beautiful church made in the baroque style in contrast to somewhat formless Franziscaner Church built in the XIII century and rebuilt several times. During some time the Franziscaner Church was the cathedral one, but then the building of the cathedral was finished.
The Hohensalzburg Fortress
can be reached by funicular that rides along Festungsgasse Street in the old town. One more way to reach it is to walk up on the same street. The fortress was built in the XI century and was designed primarily as a hiding place for the archbishop. Its present form is the result of numerous renovations, which lasted for centuries. The fortress had many functions, and in the end it turned into a small village of with a dozen of houses. Currently, visitors of Hohensalzburg are welcome to make a walk to this place and visit the museum together with a guide.
The House of Nature.
Besides restaurants devoted to national cuisine Salzburg will offer travelers widest choice of cafes, bars and pizzerias, which will surely become a great place of rest for a large company. Thus,...
The Nature House
is a museum, located near the end of the old town, in Muzeumplatts. This is a big museum that exhibits a collection of items that tell about the nature of Salzburg and its surroundings in a pleasant and lively manner. The exposition of the museum is very diverse and covers a variety of topics that can attract the attention of both adults and children.
Salzburg guide pages:
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