The Sistine Chapel.
The Sistine Chapel was built between 1475 and 1483 by order of Pope Sixtus IV. It is located in the Vatican Museum. The Sistine Chapel is famous all over the world because of two reasons. Firstly, the chapel is the location of the famous frescoes by Michelangelo, The Last Judgment and The Creation of Adam (the famous two hands, which are about to touch each other). Secondly, by order of Pope Sixtus IV starting from the XV century the chapel hosts conclaves - secret meetings, during which cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church elect a new pope. When white smoke rises from the chimney of the chapel, this means that the choice is made.
Santa Maria Maggiore.
The Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore is one of the largest and most significant churches of Rome. The basilica is located in Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore. The church was founded in 431 AD by order of Pope Sixtus III. It is primarily famous for its luxurious carved wooden ceiling, during the construction of which was used gold that had been allegedly brought from America by Columbus. Visitors should also not forget to pay attention to beautiful mosaic pictures that depict various biblical scenes, as well as panels and the floor of the basilica.
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