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Rome

Culture of Rome. Places to visit - old town, temples, theaters, museums and palaces

Rome Rome is a city with long history, so there’s no wonder why so many monuments of past epochs have survived here. The famous Arch of Constantine, the first mention of which relates to 315 AD, is one of the most striking monuments of past centuries. The height of the arch estimates 21 meters. Today it is decorated with beautiful bas-reliefs and statues left over from other historic sites. The castle of St. Angel is a grand architectural structure. Originally the site of the building was the location of the Mausoleum of Hadrian. The castle was built approximately in the early 2nd century AD. During the Middle Ages the castle was the papal fortress, then a prison, and then one of major defensive fortifications. Visitors of the castle will find much interesting in the armory room. Don’t forget to go to the castle’s courtyard walk through the spacious terrace, which offers a magnificent panoramic view.
In Rome you will find restaurants either for most hard-to-please gourmets, or for people who prefer simple and modest meals. Agata e Romeo is one of the most famous restaurants in the city. … Open
The western part of the city is the location of a beautiful Cathedral of St. Peter. This is a unique religious monument, the halls of which hold priceless relics. The construction of the cathedral was completed in the beginning of the 16th century and lasted more than a hundred of years. The cathedral has witnessed many important historical events. Vatican City is located just nearby. Guests of the city are surely recommended to visit the most miniature state in the world. Trevi Fountain, which was opened in 1762, is an interesting destination for excursions. This place is one of the most romantic ones in the city. It is believed that if you throw several coins into the fountain and make a wish, it will certainly come true.
Square of Spain is an excellent place for walking. You can hear many interesting superstitions and legends connected with this attraction. Locals believe that if you visit the square in the evening, you get a chance to meet a ghost of Lorenza Felichini – a beloved person of the famous magician Cagliostro. However, the opportunity to see a ghost along the way does not stop numerous tourists who love to relax on the square and enjoy the silent atmosphere of evenings. In addition to the earth-based attractions, there are also some underground sites in Rome. We should definitely mention St. Callista catacombs among other sights. A complex maze of caves, which has been keeping the most valuable historical artifacts for centuries, is visited annually by thousands of travelers. You can see various ancient sculptures and paintings in the caves. The majority of drawings were made more than five centuries ago. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
In the section below, you can get one of our excursion tickets or city discovery tours over Rome and surroundings. Our website offers 10-30% lower ticket prices, when compared to the offline purchase on the spot.

City tours, excursions and tickets in Rome and surroundings

Plan your own excursion through Rome: churches, museums and castles

Saint Peter Basilica, Rome

» Saint Peter Basilica is the Catholic Cathedral, the largest building of the Vatican and the largest Christian church in the world.
» The tomb of the Apostle is situated under the altar of the cathedral.
» The statue of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul towers at the entrance. Peter holds the keys of the kingdom of heaven, handed to him by the Lord.
» The cathedral has five doors. Last on the right side is the Holy Door, and it’s opened only in the Holy Year.
» Around the perimeter of the cathedral there is a string of chapels, where there are outstanding works of art, precious relics of Christianity, and numerous tombs of popes, kings and emperors.
» Almost all the major architects of Italy participated in designing and construction of Saint Peter Basilica.

Sant Agnese in Agone, Rome

» Sant Agnese in Agone is the church built in honor of an early Christian martyr, St. Agnes of Rome.
» According to the legend, 13-year-old Christian woman was naked put at the arena of the stadium before a crowd of pagans. There was a miracle, when suddenly grown hair covered the future saint from head to toe.
» The crypt of the church contains the most valuable Christian relic, the head of Saint Agnes.
» The temple played the role of the court church, because it was near the palace of Pamphili family that gave birth to the Pope Innocent X. Above the entrance, lie the remains of Pope Innocent X.
» The church has a form a Greek cross, in which each segment is interconnected. This is due to the location, sandwiched by Piazza Navona and the street behind the church.

St. John Lateran Basilica, Rome

» This is the first church in Rome and one of the oldest Christian churches.
» In the Catholic hierarchy, this church stands above all other temples in the world, and that’s affirmed with inscription over the entrance – ‘The Most Holy Lateran Church, Mother and head of all the churches of the City and the world.’
»  The main temple preserves the Holy Steps, a ladder, brought by St. Helen from Jerusalem. According to church tradition, it was the ladder that Christ used to ascend to the tribunal, which preceded the crucifixion.
» The robe of the Basilica of the Virgin and the sponge with traces of blood, of which, according to legend, Jesus Christ drunk vinegar at the crucifixion, are among local relics.
» In antiquity, there was the estate of a noble family of the Lateran on the site of the Basilica.
» The temple was decorated with precious gifts of emperors, thus it got the name Golden Basilica; all of them were lost in the sack of Rome by vandals in the 5th century.

Castel Sant Angelo, Rome

» This is where emperors were buried, popes lived, artists and scientists were imprisoned.
» The castle owes its name to the legend about Archangel Michael appearing at the top of the mausoleum and sheathing his sword as a sign that the plague that has tortured Rome was ended.
» The famous jeweler, Benvenuto Cellini, was in this castle as a prisoner. He was accused of embezzling gems of the papal tiara. Soon he managed to escape, and then he was re-arrested and imprisoned in the dungeon.
» The most valuable item in the museum is the painting of the risen Christ on the wall of the chamber, where Cellini was imprisoned.
» Castel Sant'Angelo was the custody of the famous Count Cagliostro. Holy Inquisition accused him of heresy, necromancy and organization of secret societies.
» The most vivid and dramatic event in the history of the castle is a nine-month siege of Rome by lance knights. Citizens used heads of marble statues, which adorned the mausoleum, as missiles to hit the siege.

Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome

» This is the main cathedral of all, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, and the fourth of the largest cathedrals in Rome.
» The cathedral has retained its original form and is the only cathedral of its type.
» The interesting legend is associated with foundation of Santa Maria Maggiore. Once, in the summer night, Madonna appeared to Pope Liberius and rich Roman Giovanni Patrizio in a dream. She ordered them to build the church at the place, where snow would fall the next day. The next morning the site, where now stands the basilica, was covered with snow.
» Main relics of the church are the image of the Virgin Mary and the silver shrine of the sacred manger, where Son of God was placed after birth.
» Under a triumphal arch stands a large canopy, behind which there is the main altar including the sarcophagus, in which the relics of St. Matthew are kept.
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What to visit during two-day excursion in Rome

Fontana di Trevi
Where: Piazza di Trevi, Rome;
Pantheon
Where: Piazza della Rotonda, Rome;
Forum Romanum
Where: Via dei Fori Imperiali, Rome;
Galleria Borghese
Where: Villa Borghese park, Rome;
Piazza Navona
Where: Piazza Navona, Rome;
Domus Aurea – Nero’s Golden House
Where: Via della Domus Aurea, Rome; Telephone: +39 06 3996 7700;
Santa Costanza
Where: Via di Santa Costanza, Rome;
Botanical Gardens
Where: Largo Cristina di Svezia 24, Rome; Telephone: +39 06 4991 7107;
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Rentals in Rome

Photogallery of cultural heritage of Rome

Landmarks of culture on Rome map: art-galleries, monuments, palaces, etc

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Excursions over cultural sights of neighbours of Rome

Culture guide to Rome. Which fascinating sights to visit once you are in Rome: temples, museums, churches, museums, theaters and castles. Recommendations (with addresses, phone numbers and links) on the places 'must visit' in Rome. Plan your own city excursion by using this page info!
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