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Sightseeing in Rome - Cultural Sights 'Must Visit' & 'Must See'

Architecture, Museums, Cathedrals & Monuments


Rome is a city with long history, so there’s no wonder why so many monuments of past epochs have survived here. The famous Arch of Constantine, the first mention of which relates to 315 AD, is one of the most striking monuments of past centuries. The height of the arch estimates 21 meters. Today it is decorated with beautiful bas-reliefs and statues left over from other historic sites. The castle of St. Angel is a grand architectural structure. Originally the site of the building was the location of the Mausoleum of Hadrian. The castle was built approximately in the early 2nd century AD. During the Middle Ages the castle was the papal fortress, then a prison, and then one of major defensive fortifications. Visitors of the castle will find much interesting in the armory room. Don’t forget to go to the castle’s courtyard walk through the spacious terrace, which offers a magnificent panoramic view.
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The western part of the city is the location of a beautiful Cathedral of St. Peter. This is a unique religious monument, the halls of which hold priceless relics. The construction of the cathedral was completed in the beginning of the 16th century and lasted more than a hundred of years. The cathedral has witnessed many important historical events. Vatican City is located just nearby. Guests of the city are surely recommended to visit the most miniature state in the world. Trevi Fountain, which was opened in 1762, is an interesting destination for excursions. This place is one of the most romantic ones in the city. It is believed that if you throw several coins into the fountain and make a wish, it will certainly come true.
Square of Spain is an excellent place for walking. You can hear many interesting superstitions and legends connected with this attraction. Locals believe that if you visit the square in the evening, you get a chance to meet a ghost of Lorenza Felichini – a beloved person of the famous magician Cagliostro. However, the opportunity to see a ghost along the way does not stop numerous tourists who love to relax on the square and enjoy the silent atmosphere of evenings. In addition to the earth-based attractions, there are also some underground sites in Rome. We should definitely mention St. Callista catacombs among other sights. A complex maze of caves, which has been keeping the most valuable historical artifacts for centuries, is visited annually by thousands of travelers. You can see various ancient sculptures and paintings in the caves. The majority of drawings were made more than five centuries ago.
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Sightseeing in cities near Rome:


Lazio - 50 km
Lazio is home to unique attractions; Rome alone is full of interesting excursion sites. The most visited cultural institution is Pinacoteca Vaticana; this large-scale art museum was founded in 1908...
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Perugia - 133.7 km
One of the most symbolic and significant landmarks of the city of Perugia is the Saint Peter’s Basilica (Basilica di San Pietro). The first reference to this religious building dates back to 1002....
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Siena - 182.8 km
The most recognizable symbol of Siena is its beautiful cathedral. Construction of the church has begun in 1179 and lasted for several hundred years. The Cathedral impresses with its elegant...
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Cityguide on OrangeSmile.com - fascinating sightseeing in Rome, Italy. The spots and sights 'must visit' and 'must see' once you are in Rome: temples, museums, architectural and historical monuments. Recommendations (with addresses, phone numbers and links) on the popular places of Rome.