The Pantheon is one of the main temples of the city. It is located on Piazza della Rotonda. The Pantheon was built in 27 BC, destroyed by fire, and then rebuilt in 125 AD. In the XVII century, Pope Boniface IV decided to place a church in the Pantheon. This is the main reason why the classical circular building with a colonnade in front of it managed to survive, unlike the majority of pagan temples. This place is also the location of graves of two famous Italians - Raphael and Victor Emmanuel II. The word "pantheon" means "dedicated to all gods".
The Sistine Chapel.
The Sistine Chapel was built between 1475 and 1483 by order of Pope Sixtus IV. It is located in the Vatican Museum. The Sistine Chapel is famous all over the world because of two reasons. Firstly, the chapel is the location of the famous frescoes by Michelangelo, The Last Judgment and The Creation of Adam (the famous two hands, which are about to touch each other). Secondly, by order of Pope Sixtus IV starting from the XV century the chapel hosts conclaves - secret meetings, during which cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church elect a new pope. When white smoke rises from the chimney of the chapel, this means that the choice is made.
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