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Sightseeing in Damascus - what to see. Complete travel guide

Damascus is a city with ancient history. This is one of the oldest cities in the world and the capital of Syria. First mentions of it are found in XII century BC during the times of Ramses II. Since that time many nations conquered Damascus until it was added to Roman Empire in 85 AD. Old center of Damascus is a unique place with pre-antique planning and houses that survived through centuries from those ancient times. On the territory of Damascus are located several dozens of interesting architectural and historical facilities that are definitely worth visiting. For many years Damascus is famous for its goods made of steel, fabrics and glass. Syria got independence only in 1920 and Damascus was proclaimed its capital.
Many hotels in Damascus are created for a romantic getaway. All the conditions to ensure you have an unforgettable vacation with your partner are offered by the fashionable Oriental Hotel … Open
The main place of interest of the city is Umayyad Mosque built in 715 by Caliph Al Walid. Currently this is one of the most highly valued mosques in the Muslim world. Near the mosque there is a separated place that keeps the head of Hussein and a hair from the beard of the Prophet Muhammad. Umayyad Mosque has a composition of unique mosaics made of gold smalt.
Damascus is included in the list of world’s heritage by UNESCO. In this city you will find ancient medieval merese and markets, Bab Kisan tower, underground church of St. Ananias, one of the best examples of late Islamic architecture - Qasr al-Azem, a former medical academy and hospital Bimaristan that is now used as a museum of medicine with large number of rare exhibits, and a burial vault of XII century where are located the ashes of the legendary sultan Salah al-Din, who started revealing the Arabian East from the Crusades. Copyright
One of the most popular shopping places in Damascus is Al-Hamidiyah market. It is a large covered gallery, located on a beautiful historic street. Here, you can purchase a lot of unique … Open
Among walking fans, is very popular Mount Qasioun, whose height is 456 meters. At the top of this mountain is located a magnificent observation deck with which the magnificent panorama of the city opens. Experienced travelers recommend visiting this observation deck in the dark or at sunset; at this time it is especially interesting to admire the city. Mount Qasioun is also known for the fact that, on one of its slopes is an amazing cave. If you believe the ancient traditions, it is in this cave which is called Maqam al Arba’in, that Cain killed Abel.
Umayyad moskee in Damascus Among the numerous religious sights of Damascus, Chapel of Saint Ananias should be noted. This underground Christian temple was built during the antiquity era. Up to now, the crypt has kept a set of unique elements for decoration and also unique religious artifacts. In antique times, the people professing Christianity suffered awful persecution. Therefore, many temples during this period were built underground. Only a few of them have survived until now. The Chapel of Saint Ananias is a pilgrimage of world-class importance.
Every year Syrian cuisine becomes more and more popular and attracts many new fans. The best way to enjoy delicious national dishes is to visit one of numerous restaurants in Damascus. … Open
Guests of Damascus will have an opportunity to admire the beauty of many majestic palaces; one of the most picturesque is the Qasr al-Azem. Its construction was completed at the beginning of the 18th century, the beautiful palace served as the residence of the governor. This palace was built according to all cultural traditions; its area is divided into men's and female’s halves. On the territory of the palace, there is an ancient bath complex, which impresses with its beauty. In the palace, the atmosphere of previous centuries was recreated, and to make an excursion in this place is even more interesting. In various rooms, the wax figures of people dressed in national clothes was installed.
Bab Touma (Gate of Thomas) Damascus Azm Palace is equally beautiful and interesting. Externally it looks quite modest, but its elegant interior design is capable of surprising even the most experienced travelers. When decorating the palace in the 18th century, precious metals were used. For this purpose, locals actively bought up jewelries. Today, within the walls of the palace, stylish decoration elements of gold and precious stones have been preserved. There is also an inner courtyard with ancient fountains.
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City tours, excursions and tickets in Damascus and surroundings

Reference information
Map of all castles
Survived castles around Damascus
♥   Castle 'Citadel of Damascus' , 1.3 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Castle 'Nimrod Fortress' , 61.1 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Castle 'Moussa Castle' , 70 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Castle 'Beaufort Castle' Lebanon, 73.9 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Castle 'Toron' , 89.1 km from the center. On the map   Photo
Map of all parks
National and city parks around Damascus
♥   National Park 'Qaraoun Lake' , 56.6 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   National Park 'Barouk Cedar Forest' , 59.9 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   National Park 'Mashgara' , 83.9 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   National Park 'Hazor' , 86.7 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   National Park 'Hamat teverya' , 107.3 km from the center. On the map   Photo
Map of all art museums
Art galleries in Damascus and around
♥   Art museum 'National Museum of Damascus' Damascus, 1.6 km from the center. On the map   Photo

Sights around Damascus from our guide 'Extreme places on Earth'

The Temple of Jupiter

From the series “The Most Mysterious Constructions of the Planet”
In the attempt to imagine the process of temple building, one gets a series of unexplained questions. The huge rock platforms, whose weight reaches 1 000 tons, has been raised up to 7 meters. Even with the use of today's modern technology, this task is not so simple. Not far from the temple is the quarry on which the huge monoliths were carved out of the rocks. A monolith remained in the quarry. Its size is equally impressive - the monolith length is 21 meters, the height - 4.2 meters and the width - about 5 meters. As a legend was told, the unique temple was built thousands of years ago on the orders of King Solomon. … Read further


From the series “15 Historical Monuments, with Riddles not yet Solved”
One more outstanding artefact that was found on the territory of the ancient town is the "Southern stone". This huge monolith weights about one thousand tons and is the hugest worked stone is the world. Its length is about 23 meters, width 5,3 meters and height 4,55 meters. Who made such unbelievable building in the ancient town and what was the purpose is still a secret. Many independent researchers claim that all these buildings belong to the “hand” of the inhuman creatures. … Read further

Sightseeing in Syria: things to see

Krak des Chevaliers Fortress, which is located not far away from Homs, is a very interesting landmark of the medieval time. The complex was constructed by the Hospitaller knights and originally it was surrounded by a tall stone wall with protective towers. Only a part of that wall has survived, but the fortress itself is in great condition. During an excursion in this place, you will learn many interesting facts about Krak des Chevaliers. It was considered the most impenetrable fortress in the country and only Sultan Baibars I managed to conquer the fortress by stratagem. … Open
Car rental on Rentals in Damascus

Saudi Arabia to Open 38 Hotels in Diriyah

Diriyah is one of the first mega projects in Saudi Arabia. Hotels and other infrastructure will start opening next year, and all works are expected to end in 2026. The first 18 restaurants in Bujairi Terrace will start operating already in early 2022. Read this


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Sightseeing in regions nearby Damascus

All about Damascus, Syria - sightseeings, attractions, touristic spots, architecture, history, culture and cuisine. Prepare your trip together with - find out the 'must see' things in Damascus, which places to visit, which excursions to take, where the breathtaking views are waiting for you. Planning your trip with this travel guide will help your to get the most out of Damascus in few days. - online travel reservation expert providing reliable car rental and hotel booking services. We feature more than 25.000 destinations with 12.000 rental offices and 200.000 hotels worldwide.
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