The city of Jarmo is a unique settlement from the early Neolithic period. It was founded in the 7th Millennium BC. The archaeological district is located in the scenic foothill areas. Oak and pistachio forests cover a significant part of its territory today. According to rough estimates, the area of the ancient city was more than 12,000 square meters. The city existed until the beginning of the 5th Millennium BC. Adobe structures, as well as stone tools, were discovered during research.
Shell jewelry discovered during the excavations has become an important find for archaeologists. They indicate that the inhabitants of Jarmo maintained trade relations with neighboring tribes. Numerous products and tools made of bone also indicate a high level of development of the city's residents. They include buttons, spoons, and even needles. Fragments of pottery were found on the territory of the ancient city. They are considered the earliest in the Middle East.
Farming and ranching were the main occupations of the city's residents. Places, where barley, legumes, and wheat were cultivated for many years, were discovered on the territory of the city. Grazing was also carried out in these places. The ruins of square mud houses are considered the main attractions of the archaeological area today. Even the hearth survived in some of them. Recent radiocarbon dating suggests that some dwellings were founded in these areas more than 11.5 thousand years ago. Surprisingly, the city's population was relatively small at such an impressive scale. About 150 people lived there permanently. To the beginning - Moenjodaro
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