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Sightseeing in Vitebsk - what to see. Complete travel guide

The first settlements on the territory of modern Vitebsk appeared in the Stone Age. Archaeologists have discovered ancient cities, barrows, as well as household items and tools of labor of the first settlers. The very first principality which arose on this territory is Polotsk. It was located in the basins of the Western Dvina; partially Neman and Berezina. Due to its favorable geographical position, the city actively developed. The center of the principality was at that time the city of Polotsk, and the first prince was Rogvolod, the founder of his family dynasty.
The historical and cultural heritage of the city is incredibly diverse and numerous. The most important historical symbol of Vitebsk is the Local Lore Museum, located in the building of the … Open
Vitebsk was founded in the year 974 by the Kiev princess Olga, but in the annals it is mentioned for the first time much later, in 1021. Vitebsk and Polotsk teams participated in many legendary historical battles. In the period of feudalization of the IX-XI centuries, individual cities grew and grew, new states were formed, among which the Grand Duchy of Russia, Lithuania and Zhemtoy. By the end of the 13th century, many Belarusian lands became part of it, including Vitebsk. In the 15th century it and Polotsk were important cultural and commercial centers. Trade was carried out not only between different areas of the Grand Duchy, but also with Czech Republic, Germany, Italy and many other states.
The unification of these lands played a very significant role in the development and formation of the Belarusian ethos. It was after it that an original culture began to form and the life of the indigenous population acquired its unique characteristics. In the 16th century, architecture developed actively, which was able to embody all the national peculiarities and traditions of the Belarusian people. During this period, powerful fortresses, beautiful palaces and castles were of great worth, and newly constructed temples began to be painted with frescoes. The population of Vitebsk province was mainly Orthodox. Vitebsk suffered severe trials during the war of 1812, and in the 19th century, numerous liberation movements were constantly influencing public life. During the Second World War, the city was inhabited by more than 100 thousand people; Vitebsk was considered one of the largest industrial cities in the Western Region. Now Vitebsk is a beautiful modern city, which is known for its unique cultural and spiritual traditions. It is very popular among tourists who are interested in history and prefer to rest in dynamically developing cities. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
Vitebsk - guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5
Reference information
Map of all castles
Survived castles around Vitebsk
♥   Castle 'Kopys' , 96.1 km from the center. On the map   Photo

Sightseeing in Belarus: things to see

The village of Khatyn is also worth attention of travellers. The tragic story of the village is well known around the world. In 1943 the village was burnt to ashes by the Fascists. All 149 people, who lived in Khatyn, were killed. In the memory of the dead, the great memorial complex named “the Unconquered Human” was built in the territory of the village. Other popular excursion routes in Belarus include such cities as Mogilev, Brest, Grodno, Bobruisk, and Vitebsk. … Open
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Sightseeing in regions nearby Vitebsk

All about Vitebsk, Belarus - sightseeings, attractions, touristic spots, architecture, history, culture and cuisine. Prepare your trip together with OrangeSmile.com - find out the 'must see' things in Vitebsk, which places to visit, which excursions to take, where the breathtaking views are waiting for you. Planning your trip with this travel guide will help your to get the most out of Vitebsk in few days.
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