Thanks to numerous baroque buildings, arcades of narrow medieval streets, hidden small squares, towers and castles, as well as a large number of Orthodox and Catholic churches, the Lithuanian capital that stands on the river Neris, is distinguished by a special, unique atmosphere. Vilnius is primarily known as a city of hundreds of churches. Here one will find some truly magnificent works of architectural art. The center of the city itself has more than 30 churches! No wonder that the historic part of the city with its unique charm is protected by UNESCO.
Restaurants of Vilnius will be certainly liked by fans of beer and meat dishes. Vegetarians will also find many delicious dishes here, and sweet tooth visitors will be truly delighted by local...
The magnificent Vilnius Cathedral (show on map
) (view photos )
is a spiritual and political center of Lithuania. The first Christian church on the site of the cathedral was built by King Mindaugas soon after his conversion to Christianity. The history of the modern building was started in the XV century. During its centuries long history the cathedral has survived in numerous fires and has undergone numerous reconstructions. The inner premises of the cathedral simply strike with their splendor – this is the place where you will find paintings, tombstones, sculptures of Lithuanian princes and kings of Poland, artworks of the XVI-XIX centuries, and even the museum, the exhibition of which is dedicated to the history of the cathedral starting from its construction to the present day. The Cathedral has also become the tomb of a number of important historical figures. Its underground tombs date back to the XII century. The 57 meter tall bell tower of the building that stands separately was built on the site of the former defense tower.
The Church of St. Anne.
The Church of St. Anne of the XIV century
is one of the most beautiful buildings in Vilnius. This is a true masterpiece of the late gothic period, and only several churches in the world can compare with its beauty. Many years ago a wooden church stood here. It was built in the XIV century by order of the wife of Vytautas, the prince of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Originally, the Church of St. Anne was a part of the defensive system of the city. This church is mostly known for an unprecedented number of luxuriously decorated tombs. According to a legend, the church impressed Napoleon so much, that he even wanted to move it to Paris.
If in the daytime excursions and walks through beautiful parks remain the main entertainment for the guests of Vilnius, when night comes to the city, visitors are attracted by numerous night clubs...
The university complex, built in 1579, is one of the most stunning buildings in Lithuania. Vilnius University
is the oldest university in Eastern Europe. It was founded by Stephen Báthory after he had become the king of the Polish-Lithuanian Principality in the XV century. During its long history of more than four centuries Vilnius University went through periods of prosperity and recession, it was closed and then got back to life again. Various buildings of the university complex occupy almost an entire block in the center of the city. The complex is also home to the Church of St. Jan and the oldest library in Lithuania. The library keeps approximately 180,000 rare books and journals, the oldest of which date back to the XV century. There books from Lithuania, Poland, Russia and other countries.
The Gate of Dawn.
The Gate of Dawn
was built in the XVI century. Originally, this was a part of the city walls. This is the only gate from the nine city gates of Vilnius that has survived till our days. The top of the gate is the location of a magnificent chapel built by Carmelites. This chapel hosts one of the most important religious objects of Lithuania - the miraculous icon of the Mother of God. The interior of the chapel, built in 1829, is made in the neoclassical style and it deserves a special attention. The Gate of Dawn attracts numerous Catholics from around the world who believe in the healing power of the Mother of God.
The Church of the Holy Spirit.
The center of Vilnius is the location of one of the city's main attractions - Cathedral Square. Near the square you can see beautiful historic buildings and the cathedral, which has become the symbol...
The Church of the Holy Spirit
is the most important Orthodox church in Lithuania. Here visitors will see great icons that originally belonged to the Order of the Dominicans. Later, the church was changed and some features of baroque and even rococo appeared in its design. The interior of the church, made mostly in the Baroque style, is characterized by a large number of gold and silver details and a beautiful green altar with the multicolor font. The Church of the Holy Spirit is the location of relics of the three Orthodox holy martyrs - Anthony, John and Eustace. In 1347, they were hanged by the Lithuanian pagans because they had refused to eat meat during Lent. The Church of St. Theresa
, built in 1650, is located right behind the Church of the Holy Spirit.
The City Hall.
In 1387, Vilnius received the city rights from the Grand Duke of Lithuania and the Polish king Jagiello. The building of the Town Hall was started a bit later. First mentions of the city hall appeared in 1432. The contemporary classical building appeared in the XVIII century. In 1845 – 1924, the complex housed a theater, and until 1991 the hall hosted the exhibition of the Museum of Art. In 1998, the building was given to the city, and today, by decision of the Vilnius government, the City Hall
is used for representative celebrations.
1. The streets of the city are quite safe even late at night, however, tourists should not forget about the elementary rules of caution. Do not take documents and valuables with you without any...
is a symbol not only of Vilnius, but also of the Lithuanian state. There is a beautiful story connected to it. According to a legend, the city of Vilnius was founded in 1320 by Grand Duke Gediminas after he had seen a dream on this site. The duke ordered to build a wall, towers, castles and houses on a hill. This is how Vilnius was founded. Only one tower and the ruins of the Upper Castle have survived till our days. First restoration works started here only in 1930. Nowadays, the Gediminas tower hosts a branch of the Lithuanian National Museum, the exhibition of which is dedicated to the history of the city. The modern funicular road will bring you to the top in just 30 seconds. There, on the observation deck of the tower, visitors will be able to enjoy breathtaking views of the city. It is also possible to get to the top on foot. In this case you will have to go up to the 78 stair steps.
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