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Switzerland

Politics, constitution and administrative structure of Switzerland

Zurich Waterfront Politically, Switzerland is considered the Federal Republic. The Constitution in the country was adopted in 1848, and, 26 years later, some improvements were made.The central power in the country is rather poorly developed. The main reins of government are in the hands of the regional governments in cantons. The democracy of Switzerland can not be considered either presidential or parliamentary. The general political system consists of a bicameral parliament and the Federal Council. The Council includes 7 members or federal advisers, who are appointed for a period of 4 years. The parliament elects them.
The Swiss are very attentive to everything that represents the cultural value for the country, including the old buildings that quite often house …
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A council is being formed on the basis of the five largest parties. At the same time, ministers are prohibited from further propaganda of political concepts of their own party. All of them should act exclusively for the benefit of Switzerland, putting this goal above party principles and posts. Each year, one of the seven members of the Federal Council holds the post of president of the country. According to the current Constitution of Switzerland, all seven Ministers of the Federal Council are absolutely equal and must make decisions on the basis of collegial meetings. In this case, the position of the President is only a formality. There are 7 federal ministries in the country, and the activities of each minister are oriented towards the relevant ministry. Abroad, every minister has the right to represent the whole country independently.
The country's parliament consists of two chambers. The first is called the National Council and it embodies the entire Swiss people. The second chamber is the Cantonal Council that represents the cantons as a whole. The first large chamber includes 200 deputies. They are elected every 4 years by the people in every canton. The small chamber of the cantons includes 46 members. There are two representatives from each canton, and one from the half canton, which is a full-fledged subject of the federation. According to the basic rules of the majority system, the people of each canton elect representatives of the region to the Cantonal Council. Both chambers of the Government are engaged in approving federal laws and strict control over the actions of the Federal Council, including the President. The peculiarity of the political structure of Switzerland is the relative equality of both chambers of Parliament, so that large cantons are not able to press on small areas. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
There is an incredible number of holidays in Switzerland. Festivals and events held in each canton are added to the nationwide ones. The Swiss …
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The Federal Supreme Court is located in Lausanne. At the same time, its authority does not include the recognition of federal laws as unconstitutional. Its members are elected by the Federal Assembly for a period of six years. Traditionally, in Switzerland there is a militia system. All armed forces of the country were formed precisely on the basis of active citizens. Therefore, to date, there are practically no professional soldiers in Switzerland. All men liable for military service are urged to take courses annually, which allow citizens to combine professional activities with military service.
The practice of direct democracy allows citizens to influence on certain political decisions. Such democratic principles are considered to be among the most developed in the world. Swiss citizens can even propose a bill - it is necessary to collect 100 000 signatures for that - or protest against any law adopted by Parliament. The second form of democracy is the Referendum. And if citizens can collect 50 000 signatures in 100 days, after the adoption of a specific law, it can be challenged after voting on the Referendum. That is why, even in the case of the slightest disapproval from the citizens, the Government is trying to reform the legislation in order to avoid dissatisfaction of the population. The Swiss foreign policy is extremely loyal, which allowed to avoid various destructive wars. This gave an incredibly strong impetus for the development of a stable and reliable economic system.
Switzerland guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Switzerland

Places in Switzerland famous worldwide

Schloss Hallwyl

From the series “Impressive Castles and Palaces Located on Water”
In the 12th century on the Aabach river, which flows into the Hallwilersee, the majestic castle was built. Its founder was Count Hallwyl, whose order on the river had created the great artificial island for the castle. In 1380 the building was heavily damaged by fire. For the first time the castle was reconstructed in the 15th century. Since then Hallwyl Castle has hardly changed. In the 16th century the legendary scientist Burkhard von Hallwyl lived. He opened the pharmacy in the castle and preserved a valuable collection of more than 2,5 thousand recipes.

The castle was opened in 1925 for a free visit. In most of his rooms and rooms the museum was furnished. In the halls the unique collection of the portraits of all members of the Hallwyl family is preserved. Part of the most valuable ... Read all
All unique sightseeing Switzerland
Country maps Maps of Switzerland
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Photogallery of famous places of Switzerland

Electorate - mentality of people in Switzerland regions

Zurich
Zurich is the most important administrative center of Switzerland and the financial capital of Europe. The very name of a metropolis is associated exclusively with the word "quality", and not without reason. Zurich has headed various prestigious ratings, which almost every year awarded it the status of a city with the … Read more
Geneva
Escalade, which is celebrated each December, is one of most famous and colorful national holidays. A large historical procession is the culmination of the festival. The townspeople dress up in medieval costumes and walk on main city streets with an orchestra consisting of flute and drum players. Hot red wine is … Read more
Luzern
The main events of the festival are grand marches or mask parades. Traditionally there are two parades during the Carnival. The first one is considered to be official and austere. The representatives of different non-governmental organizations and guilds are commonly participating in the march. Tourists are commonly … Read more
Interlaken
Festivals in Interlaken are always fantastic and unforgettable events that you will definitely not want to miss. At the beginning of June, vacationers will find it very interesting to visit the event named Greenfield. It lasts three days. This is the time when the festival’s venue (namely, Flugplatz military base) … Read more
Basel
The end of October is the time for a large gastronomic fair, on which the local companies show off their products. Travellers really enjoy purchasing delicious Swiss cheese, dairy products and sweets from street vendors at very competitive rates. If you’re an art lover, the best time to visit Basel is June, when the … Read more
Lugano
The history of the festival is rather engaging. Few decades ago a company of local music fans arranged a small scale event. Annually the event engaged more and more of participants. Today it has developed in an upscale world class festival. In October Lugano is visited by numerous gourmands. The reason is that in … Read more

Switzerland: traditions in regions

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