The Jewish quarter.
The Jewish quarter is an absolutely special place. In the 13th century Old New Synagogue was built there. It is the oldest one in Europe. At those times the only source of money for the Jewish was commerce, so this nation was absolutely out of political life of the country. Only in 1848 they got civil rights, and two years later the quarter officially became a part of Prague. It became the fifth area, named Josefov. By 1900 most of the houses in the Jewish quarter were pulled down, because of the bad condition. Only the city hall, 6 synagogues and the cemetery were left untouched. Nowadays these objects form the National Jewish Museum. The cemetery leaves unforgettable impressions. Till the 15th century the Jewish were forbidden to bury their relatives out of town. Because of the lack of ground, all the burials took place at the small cemetery. There at about twelve thousands of headstones, more than 10 thousands of people are buried there one over the other (at some places there are 12 rows).
The Fortress of Prague.
From Chares Bridge one can enjoy a wonderful view on the fortress and Prague Castle. It's one of the most popular places in Prague. From the fortress there is also a marvelous view on the city. The building works started in 880 and its architecture has various styles. St. Vitus Cathedral belongs to the fortress. They started its construction in 1344, but everything was finished only in 1929. In the cathedral they keep the largest bell of the Czech Republic (its weight is 17 000 kg). The castle cathedral, triforium, buildings and gardens – all these takes great territory. But it doesn't mean that you are to visit all of them at once: the entrance ticket is valid for three days.
: guide to Prague with maps, photos and weather conditions
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