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Cultural sightseeing in Myanmar-Burma. What to visit - museums, temples, castles and palaces

Myanmar (ex-Burma) keeps many ancient historic landmarks in its territory. These attractions are connected with old crafts and emergence of the nationhood, erection of great cult buildings, rich cities, and periods of large-scale plundering. Proofs of prosperity and recession peacefully coexist and tourists are welcome to explore them. Old Bagan is an ancient city that once was the capital of the ancient Pagan Kingdom. Bagan was the most prosperous in the period from the 9th to 13th century. The city was destroyed by Mongols and it was decided not to rebuild it.
The history of Myanmar started several thousand years ago. The country was colonized by the British in the 19th century. The country had another name, …
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Pagodas and monasteries that were marvelously beautiful many centuries ago now stand is a desolation and covered in lush flora. There are hundreds of these beautiful buildings in Bagan. The ancient city has survived like this until our days. For fans of archaeology, this is like a park museum full of mysteries of the past. It is so easy to spend many hours here, admiring the area. Moreover, visitors can come close and even touch these fabulous landmarks. It is also not prohibited to go to the top of tall pagodas – they offer stunning panoramic views of surroundings.
The period of British colonization was not only the time of plundering but also the period of building complex engineering structures. The Goteik viaduct is definitely one of them. This is a railway trestle that is a bridge above a 102-meter-deep canyon. The first train ran on the viaduct yet in 1900. In order to see this old road, tourists need to take a ride between the towns of Pyin Oo Lwin and Lashio. Inle Lake is one more wondrous landmark that attracts numerous guests. The region near this lake is the location of the Jumping Cat Monastery. There are only six monks in this small monastery, and their main occupation is to teach cats to do different circus-type tricks. It is really interesting to watch these performances. Copyright
Even though active recreation is not popular in Myanmar, tourists can still find activities to fit their taste. Ngapali is a fantastic destination for …
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Monywa is the largest city and the capital of Sagaing Region, so it is very interesting to visit it. It takes 6 hours to reach it by train from Mandalay, and a bus ride will take 5 hours. That is why it is better to stay in Monywa overnight. Here, tourists can visit the Thanboddhay Pagoda that has an unusual design for the traditional architecture. Inside the pagoda, there are gorgeous statues of sitting Buddha. There are several thousand statues along the walls of the pagoda, and the whole complex is a combination of two main colors – golden and burgundy. The nearby complex of two Buddha, which is built on the nearby hill, also deserves the attention of guests. One of the statues is lying and the other one is standing, amazing everyone with its 30 floors built inside the statue. It is safe to call this statue a skyscraper – the gorgeous monument is clearly visible for many kilometers. Inside the lying statue, there is a temple. The standing statue hosts a gallery dedicated to Buddhism.
When visiting Yangon, don’t forget to take an excursion to the most famous pagoda - the Shwedagon Pagoda. This Buddhist temple has been accepting pilgrims for more than two thousand years. The outer part of the temple is covered to gold. The decoration of the spire is even more impressive – more than 5,000 diamonds and more than 2,000 rubies, sapphires, and topazes. A giant and precious emerald is like a crown of the spire. In Mon State, on Mount Kyaiktiyo, there is a giant boulder that is several times higher than a human. The boulder stands at the edge of a cliff but it doesn’t fall down. Covered with gold leaves, this landmark attracts thousands of tourists and pilgrims. There is a legend that the boulder can fall down if a woman pushes it, but no man is ever able to do the same. That is why women are not allowed to come to the boulder closer than 10 meters.
1. Tourists can visit some cities and territories in Myanmar only together with a guide. Before heading somewhere, it is better to ask at the hotel …
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Amarapura is a royal city that was the capital of the country twice, but each time it was then decided to move the capital to another city. Amarapura is home to the largest book in the world that has 729 pages made from stone slabs. Nowadays, Amarapura is an immediate suburb of another popular city, Mandalay, which, by the way, was also unlucky enough to become a capital. Why do tourists visit Mandalay? The city was founded in 1857 as a capital. Burmese king Mindon decided to move the capital from Amarapura to a new city. First buildings of the new capital appeared on Mandalay Hill. This area of four square kilometers was separated by a thick brick wall.
This was the location of the royal palace with treasury, library, buildings for nobles and servants, gardens, water reservoirs, and the city itself. At that time, the city had many wooden buildings decorated with skillful carving. The young city was growing fast, and its population exceeded 200,000 people by Mandalay’s 60th anniversary. A couple of decades later, British colonizers invaded the city. They plundered the treasury, burned a part of the city, and made their headquarters in the royal palace. The palace survived until the Japanese occupation, which took place during World War II. Unfortunately, the palace was destroyed in bombing attacks but it was rebuilt later.
Is Myanmar (former Burma) suitable for vacationers with children? Yes, family tourists can go to Myanmar and do not worry that their kids will feel …
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Nowadays, Mandalay is one of the largest centers in Myanmar. This is a modern megalopolis with hotels and restaurants, but it doesn’t have many historic landmarks. The majority of attractions are located on the perimeter of the historic center. These are traditional artisan workshops that work with stone, bone, wood, and precious metals; cult landmarks – pagodas and monasteries – there are more than 700 of them. Foreign tourists do not have Mandalay as their top priority, but there are people who love this city and want to visit it again and again. Myanmar is rich in ancient cities with unique landmarks, and these cities, naturally, attract more visitors.
Myanmar-Burma guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Myanmar-Burma

Reference information
Map of all churches
Cathedrals and basilicas in Myanmar-Burma
♥   Cathedral of the Sacred Heart, Taungoo. On the map   Photos
♥   Christ the King Cathedral, Loikaw. On the map   Photos
♥   St. Joseph’s Cathedral, Taunggyi. On the map   Photos
♥   Sacred Heart Cathedral, Mandalay. On the map   Photos
♥   Cathedral of St. Mary, Kalaymyo. On the map   Photos
♥   Cathedral of St. Patrick, Bhamo. On the map   Photos
♥   St. Columban’s Cathedral, Myitkyina. On the map   Photos

Extreme Guinness-type places in Myanmar-Burma

Laykyun Setkyar

From the series “The Most Grandiose Statues and Monuments”
Another sculpture that is able to impress with its size, is situated in Khatakan Taung. The monument of Laykyun Sekkya is dedicated to Buddha. The structure is 116 meters high and the pedestal is 13.4 meters. Construction of the monument began in 1996 and lasted for 12 years. It was officially opened in February 2008.

Travelers treat this huge sculpture as a an attractive visual object. However, locals refer to Laykyun Sekkya as a sacred embodiment and a place of worship. While looking at the statue, you can make sure that each element is precisely detailed. The sculpture is painted yellow. This color is considered a symbol of wisdom in Buddhism. The statue shows the image of Buddha Shakyamuni, the spiritual master, who is considered the founder of Buddhism. It is noteworthy that the … Read all

Kyaut Sae Cave

From the series “Fantastic and Colorful Caves Inside the Earth”
Kyaut SAE Cave, located in Myanmar, is known all over the world. The majestic cave holds a Buddhist temple inside its depths. This fact does not diminish the natural splendour of the cave at all. Through the small openings in the ceiling, daylight penetrates the cave. At certain times of the day the cave is flooded with orange or blue glow.

The cave is situated near the city of Burna and is known only to a narrow circle of people. It is quite small, and, therefore, practically not interesting to researchers. The main visitors to the cave are pilgrims. The temple located there remains one of the most important in the country. Right in the cave grow trees and shrubs, which make the atmosphere in it even more fabulous. The number of pilgrims visiting the cave is really very large, so in … Read all
All unique sightseeing Myanmar-Burma
Country maps Maps of Myanmar-Burma
Car rental on Car rental in Myanmar-Burma

Hilton builds third luxury hotel in Kyoto

It will welcome its first guests in 2024. 313 rooms of various categories will be available, the interior of rooms and hotel spaces will become one of the main features of the high-class hotel. When decorating the rooms, it is planned to use local textiles, which are famous for their high quality and are considered to be one of the best in the world. Read this


Famous sites of culture and history of Myanmar-Burma in photoset

Culture and monuments in popular cities of Myanmar-Burma

Dahmmayan Gyi Phaya Temple is of great interest too. Its was built in the second half of the 12th century by the order of King Narathu. The legends have it that the king has committed many deadly sins throughout his life. To atone for them, he decided to build a truly huge temple. Since then, Dahmmayan Gyi Phaya has remained one of the largest architectural complexes in the region. The king did not live to see the end of its construction. Because of that, some of its elements have never been … Read more
According to legend, Gautama Buddha gave two hairs to two local merchants and they decided to build a small stupa to preserve the unique relic. Later, a splendid pagoda appeared on the site of the stupa. It was rebuilt many times throughout its existence. The latest major restructuring took place after the end of the Second World War In 1930, the pagoda was completely destroyed by an earthquake. It is now striking with its gorgeous design. Gilding and other precious materials were used to … Read more

Myanmar-Burma map of cultural and historical sites

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