Lake Titicaca is probably the most famous high mountain lake in the world. The lake is located on the Altiplano high plateau, at the height of 3 812 meters above sea level. Lake Titicaca has formed as a result of active glacier melting. According to the approximate calculations at least 300 glacier flows flow into it. The maximum depth of the lake is 304 meters, Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake on the earth. The Indians of the Ketschua tribe have named the lake. Literally one can translate the name from the original language as 'Steinpuma'.
To understand the meaning of this name, you have to look at the lake from the bird's perspective. Its outlines really remind you of the silhouette of the puma. Titicaca has been attracting numerous explorers and explorers for several years. Many tourists visit this area to enjoy the unique nature. The others are drawn from the mysterious legends about the Inkashatz. According to ancient legends, Inkas have hidden more than 2 tons of gold on the lake floor. Until now, the researchers have found no material confirmation of the beautiful legend.
The scientists have found that the lake was part of the ocean millions of years ago. In the course of the tectonic changes a part of the ocean was literally lifted to the height of 3 750 meters. This theory of the formation of the high mountain lake gives the new reasons for further archaeological research. In 2000 the divers discovered a part of the ancient stone wall and the pavement, as well as the parts of the sculptures and the huge stone terrace on the lake floor. According to the preliminary version, these elements belonged to the mythical Vanaku city. Next - Chungara Lake
Gurudongmar Lake, India
Chungara Lake, Chile
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