The Old city is pedestrian; the Domplatz is considered to be its center. Mariendom, the cathedral church and a symbol of Erfurt, is located there. Together with Severikirche it forms an amazing architectural complex.
There are lots of interesting facts about every historical building in the city. Martin Luther has lived at Augustinerkloster monastery early in the 16th century after he had completed course at one of Erfurt's universities. Kufmannskirche is famous for its unique architecture as much as the fact it was wedding place of parents of Johann Sebastian Bach.
The Statthalterei palace is an impressive Renaissance landmark. A lot of famous people visited it over time and lots of historical events happened there. Nowadays it's the residence of the President of Thuringia. Next to Domplatz there is the Petersberg Citadel. It's one of the very few fortifications survived until today in its original form.
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