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Vatican sightseeing. Travel guide - attractions, sights, nature and touristic places

The smallest country in the world, the size of which is only 0.44 square kilometers, is a true depositary of wonderful religious and historic landmarks. It is situated right in the capital of Italy. Many guests of Rome visit the Vatican for excursions. However, one day is not enough to see all signature landmarks of this city-state. It is a good idea to stay longer in order to admire the beauty of old cathedrals and squares, see luxurious villas and palaces.
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The territory of modern Vatican City was settled during the antique period. Oldest archaeological findings date back to 3rd – 1st centuries BC. The city-state in its current borders was officially established in 1929 with the Lateran Treaty, but unofficially Vatican City has been in this area since the 8th century. The Papal State existed for more than a thousand years until it was liquidated by the Italian kingdom in 1870. Vatican City was proclaimed a sovereign state only by the government of Mussolini in 1929.
The complete territory of the city-state is a unique architectural landmark. The Sistine Chapel is recognized as one of the most prominent landmarks of Renaissance period. Built in the 15th century, this chapel is not distinguished by a luxurious outer look. The main treasure of the Sistine Chapel is hidden inside. There are precious frescoes by Michelangelo depicting scenes from the Old and New Testament. The great painter worked four years creating these frescoes, and his best and most talented students helped him. Copyright
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Art connoisseurs should also visit Vatican’s Pinacoteca (Pinacoteca dei Musei Vaticani) that exhibits more than 500 unique paintings. There are works of famous Byzantine and Italian painters. The large collection of the museum is divided into several thematic halls. One of them is dedicated to works of Giotto and his students. The hall with the works of Fra Angelico is one of the most interesting.
Vatican’s Library remains one of the most mysterious attractions of the city-state. Many believe that this library keeps many unique ancient books and manuscripts with crucial information about the birth of human civilization. Another legend suggests that a part of the unique Great Library of Alexandria is hidden in the winding halls of the library. Only the most famous and prominent scientists can visit the library. Tourists can only admire the beauty of the building from the outside.
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It takes more than one day to explore the grandiose residence of the Pope. This is a large complex of buildings. The large palace consisting of multiple buildings has more than a thousand rooms, many of which are open for guests. Museums occupy a part of the marvelous palace. There are interesting museums dedicated to history and Egyptian art, as well as several picture galleries. Finally, a beautiful landscaped garden with sculptures and flowerbeds is a true jewel in the crown of the gorgeous complex.
Saint Peter’s Square is a starting point of many excursions in Vatican. This square was built yet in the 17th century. There is an important historic landmark in the middle of this square – an Egyptian obelisk delivered to Rome by order of Caligula. Several beautiful fountains with antique sculptures decorate the square. Saint Peter’s Square is surrounded by magnificent old buildings of different epochs.
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Saint Peter’s Basilica is one of the most visited landmarks of Vatican City. The first small basilica was built on this site yet in the 4th century. It is believed that the basilica was erected near the tomb of Saint Peter. The building of the grandiose cathedral that tourists can see today started in the 16th century and was completely finished in 1626. Best architects and painters of Europe worked over this project. Inside, the basilica is decorated with frescoes by Raphael, Bernini, and Michelangelo.
Don’t forget to take a stroll in picturesque Vatican gardens and take a look at the artificially made Grotta di Lourdes. It was built at the beginning of the 20th century by order of Pope Pius IX. The beautiful cave, the entrance to which is covered by green plants, is a precise replica of the Lourdes Grotto in France.
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As Vatican is situated in Rome, it is possible to reach it by public transport from any neighborhood of the Italian capital. The small city-state has its own railway station, and so trains from different Italian cities arrive at it every day. Many streets in Vatican City are pedestrian-only, so it is not very comfortable to drive a car here.

Famous and uniques places in Vatican from our review series

Old Town of Rome

From the series “16 Most Fascinating Objects of Unesco in Italy”
The unique historical sightseeing of Rome and Vatican City are also in the list of the UNESCO Heritage Site. A great number of Roman historical sightseeing is known all over the world. Roman Forum, Colosseum, Pantheon and Emperors Forum are the most popular antique landmarks. Millions of tourists come to see them year by year.

Vatican City is a separate architectural and historical landmark. Basilica di S. Maria Maggiore is a place where most excursions begin. It attracts with its outstanding mosaic decoration and wonderful paintings of the 17th century. Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano is another interesting landmark of Vatican City. At first, it was mentioned at the beginning of the 4th century. This cathedral has a lot of historical facts.

Saint Petes Basilica is the most … Read all

St. Peter’s Basilica

From the series “ Survived Artifacts of Early Christian Civilization”
Vatican, which is the smallest state in the world, is a unique attraction itself. Its main landmark is the amazing St. Peter’s Basilica and a square of the same name in front of it. That’s an important monument not only in terms of religion; it’s also a stunning example of architecture and art. Walls of the cathedral hide priceless artistic masterpieces, including unique Pieta by Michelangelo.  At every step you can see the beautiful sculptures, elements of artistic painting and decoration items made of precious metals.

Tens of thousands of people annually visits the St. Peter’s Basilica. Those are not only pilgrims but also ordinary tourists who want to admire amazing murals, which were created many hundreds of years ago, altars, and incredible sculptures. Today, St. Peter’s … Read all

Basilica di San Pietro

From the series “The Most Iconic Temples in the World”
The Vatican has been associated with religious ceremonies and Catholic traditions for several centuries. The landmark of the sovereign state city is a wonderful St. Peter's Basilica. The construction site of the cathedral was not chosen by chance. In ancient times there were the circus gardens of Neron, where according to the legend of the Apostles Peter found the martyrdom. The first religious building was erected on the cathedral site in the period of Emperor Constantine. The first temple existed for more than a thousand years.

The construction of the cathedral, which can be seen today, was finished in 1626. The majestic St. Peter's Basilica is a unique complex with the large square of the same name, and is the largest construction in Vatican. The Cathedral can receive 60,000 … Read all
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