One of the oldest buildings in Europe - the Hospital of Santa Maria della Scala – is situated in the city. It was founded in the 9th century, and more than a hundred years it served as a refuge for monks. In the 10th century the building was officially reformed into a hospital for orphans, lonely old people and pilgrims. Today, the historic building is home to the Archaeological Museum. The museum's collection includes thousands of priceless artifacts and is regularly updated since many scientists are working in the city.
In the center of city there is the Campo Square, the starting point for many sightseeing tours. The design of the square is very unusual; some interesting explanations about it would wait for travelers in the tour. One of the most unusual architectural monuments of the town is the Torre del Mangia, whose age is more than five hundred years. The central part of the tower is made of brick and jagged pace is constructed of a brittle limestone. Contemporary architects consider the project of the tower just fantastic and don’t cease to surprise with the endurance of this fragile structure.
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