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Slovakia sightseeing. Travel guide - attractions, sights, nature and touristic places

This small beautiful country is widely known for its magnificent alpine ski resorts and numerous natural and historic places of interest. The most famous historic landmarks are located in the capital of the country, the city of Bratislava. The oldest university in the country is also located here. This is Universitas Istropolitana that was open in 1465. Nowadays, only one faculty works in ancient buildings of the university - the faculty of scenic art. The Bratislava Castle is one more sight of the medieval period. First mentions of the castle belong to the 10th century. During its centuries-long history the castle was rebuilt several times and changed its design significantly, until it was completely destroyed by fire in 1811. The ruins remained untouched for more than a hundred years and restoration of the castle started only in the 20th century. These days, the castle provides space for treasury and the National Museum.
The central square of Bratislava is home to a famous landmark - Stará radnica. This is a whole complex of beautiful buildings constructed in different years. The main town hall building was constructed in the 14th century. Two more buildings were added after the reconstruction, which took place in 1599, so nowadays the complex features a beautiful combination of renaissance and baroque styles. The town hall was a witness to many important historic events. In the 19th century a cannon smashed into the wall of the town hall. The cannon has remained there till our days and keeps reminding visitors of the Napoleon wars.
Magnificent churches remain the most famous landmarks of Kosice. The central street of the city is the location of St. Elisabeth Cathedral - the largest church in the country. The height of the main tower, which was built in the 11th century, is 59 metres. Beautiful gothic altar decorated with skillfully made drawings remains one of the most precious artifacts of the church. In the 15th century, St. Michael's Chapel was built near the cathedral. Inner premises of the chapel are no less interesting than its outer design as there are beautiful drawings and frescos that depict important historic events. Until the middle of the 18th century, a graveyard was located near the chapel. Later the graveyard was turned into a park. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
Travellers should not forget to visit the ancient city of Trencin, which is mostly famous because of the Trencín Castle. The castle was built more than a thousand years ago during the reign of the Roman Empire. There is a small church in the territory of the castle, as well as several observation decks and spacious terraces.

History and Entertainment

The territory of Slovakia started to be inhabited in the 6th century, in the Migration Period. At that time, the present country became a part of the large commonwealth of Samo that was consequently renamed as the Nitrianske Princedom. The country flourished in the 9th century and was named Great Moravia at that time. In the late 11th century, the war with Hungary led to the country becoming its part and being under it until the 14th century.
Then, it was under Austria-Hungary but when it had been divided, the country united with Czech in 1918. Slovakia became an independent republic in 1938. During the Second World War, it was under Germany. After the end of the war, the country returned to the path of the socialist development. Since 1960, it had been a part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In 1993, as a result of the peaceful agreement, Slovakia seceded from the Union and became an independent country.
Today, besides unique historical monuments, the important value of the country is thermal springs. Near them, the first thermal resorts, the most popular of which is Dudince, are located. Adherents of the health tourism love visiting Bardejovské Kúpele. One of the most picturesque resorts is Piesťany. It is notable not only for its hot mineral springs, but also for precious deposits of healing muds.
Slovakia will definitely impress fans of event tourism. During the year, a lot of interesting festivals and holidays are held here. In autumn, the traditional Jazz Fest is held. The brightest summer holiday is the Coronation Day. It always goes hand in hand with festive parades, as well as musical and theatrical performances in the open air.
Every June, the interesting holiday is celebrated in Kezmarok. This charming historical town became a place where the biggest artisanal fair is always organized. In September, it is very interesting to have a vacation in Pezinka. At that time, the traditional festival of young wines is held. Slovakia also attracts a lot of travelers in winter, as there are several excellent ski resorts. The most famous one is Strbske Pleso where ski areas are equipped around the beautiful mountain lake.

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Slovakia

Reference information
Map of all castles
Castles of Slovakia
♥   Castle 'Bojnice Castle' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Branč Castle' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Bratislava Castle' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Brekov Castle' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Budatín Castle' . On the map   Photos
Map of all palaces
Palaces in Slovakia
♥   Palace 'Primate’s Palace' Bratislava. On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Pálffy Palace' Bratislava. On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Summer Archbishop’s Palace' Bratislava. On the map   Photos

Famous and uniques places in Slovakia from our review series

Tatra National Park

From the series “Largest nature reserves on Earth”
The picturesque Tatras are well-known to those travellers who have ever reached Poland or Slovakia. Here, on the territory of two States Tatra National Park stretches around the mountain range. The park was created in 1949 with an area of 738 square kilometres. Citizens in those countries became aware of the value of the exclusive territories in the 19th century, but their efforts to create a reserve ended in failure back then.

The main feature of the Tatra reserve are deep coniferous forests with a great number of rare species of plants. Silver fir, Siberian pine and European larch grow here. The National park contains numerous fauna species. More than 40 species of mammals and over 110 species of birds dwell in the Tatras. You can see wolves, wild boars, lynxes and bears in the dark … Read all
Country maps Maps of Slovakia
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Car rental in Slovakia

Sightseeing in popular cities of Slovakia

Bratislava
The most interesting architectural monument is the Grassalkovich Palace, which, from the time of its construction in the middle of the 18th century, bears the name of a famous Count's family. Count A. Grassalkovich arranged solemn receptions and balls in this palace, in the 18th century his palace was considered the most chic in Slovakia. A lot of interesting historical facts are associated with the beautiful palace, in 1772 an outstanding composer J. Haydn performed in its walls, and later it … Read more
Kosice
One of the most beautiful architectural monuments of the city is the building of the Old Town Hall. It was built in the late 18th century and represents a unique combination of two styles - Baroque and Classicism. Like many years ago, the building amazes with a beautiful finish of its facade; it retains skillful balustrades and columns in antique style. On the historic street of Hlavná is a symbolic monument – Plague Column. The epidemic of plague hit the city in 1709 and claimed the … Read more
Vysoke Tatry
Catchy ski routes and modern hotels are not the only peculiarities of the resort. Vysoké Tatry is known as a location of healing mineral springs. Each resort area of the region has its attractive features. Both fans of sports entertainments and admirers of the health tourism like spending time there. The youngest guests will also be delighted by this picturesque resort with many entertainments. Nowadays, almost 5 000 locals reside in the territory of the resort, and they are all engaged … Read more
Poprad
No less interesting is the Church of St. Egidius, which is considered to be one of the oldest religious monuments in the city. The very first church on its site was built in 1245, and it was a spectacular Gothic-style monument. Throughout the centuries, the church has been rebuilt several times. Today its appearance retains some unique Baroque features. The last major reconstruction of the church was completed in 1998. Despite numerous renovations, unique 15th-century frescoes are carefully … Read more
Trencin
A strong fire and war destroyed the majority of the city’s historical monuments. However, a few of them have survived, and today thousands of travelers come to Trencin to admire its beauty. In the center of city lies Mierove nam Square. In 1712 here was installed a monument named Plague Column. This monument is the reminder of the tragic events of the early 18th century, when hundreds of the city’s inhabitants have died from plague. A small alley starts in the western part of the park. The … Read more

Map of travel guides to Slovakia cities

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