An opportunity to see the legendary Victoria Falls and explore incredibly beautiful places – this is one of the reasons to visit Zimbabwe. You will fall in love with this country if you are interested in ethnic culture, enjoy exploring interesting archaeological sites, and are fond of sports activities. The country is very popular with fans of extreme sports because in Zimbabwe visitors can try rafting and rope jumping from one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the world.
Until the 11th century, tribes speaking Khoisan languages inhabited the territory of modern Zimbabwe. Later, the Kingdom of Mutapa emerged in this region. Zvongombe was the capital of the country. It is also important to mention the Kingdom of Zimbabwe and its prominent capital, Great Zimbabwe. The ruins of Great Zimbabwe have survived until our days. The powerful kingdom suffered from a decline in the 16th century and completely stopped existing in the 18th century. Inner tensions within the country made Mutapa an easy target for the Portuguese.
The official period of colonization of Zimbabwe started in 1888. The country became a protectorate of Great Britain together with other neighbor countries. Numerous rebellions and activities against the colonial regime started at the end of the 19th century. For decades, local people tried to become independent but their attempts failed. The colonial system started destroying only after the end of World War II. The country became independent from Great Britain only in 1980.
One of the most interesting historic areas in the country lies not far from Fort Victoria. There are ruins of numerous buildings constructed during the Mutapa Kingdom period. Archaeologists discovered more than 400 old buildings, the most notable of which being ruins of gorgeous temples and the acropolis. These are the ruins of Great Zimbabwe, the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Zimbabwe.
Harare is the capital and the most beautiful city in the country. Having visited this city at least once, you will quickly understand why the gorgeous capital of the country is often informally called “the city of flowers”. Thousands of flowers of different shades bloom on the streets and squares of Harare. When trees start blooming too, the capital looks simply incredible. Guests of the country enjoy walking to the top of the Kopje Hill that offers a truly spectacular panorama of the city. While still in the capital, don’t forget to visit Mbare Musika Market that is great for shopping for exotic fruits, souvenirs, healing herbs, and clothing.
Fans of outdoor activities love Lake Kariba. The size of this gorgeous manmade lake is more than 5,000 square meters. Tourists can participate in interesting excursions to the lake, during which they can admire the beauty of its shores and watch rare birds. The gorgeous lake attracts fishing enthusiasts as well. By the way, there is an annual fishing competition in Lake Kariba. Participants show their skills in catching tiger fish.
Are you fond of unusual excursions? In this case, don’t forget to include a visit to the mysterious Chinhoyi Caves into your vacation. This is a complex and large chain of ancient caves. The length of the biggest cave in the complex is more than 45 meters. The cave is very deep and is partially covered with water. It is possible to participate in not only walking excursions. The underground lake inside the cave has crystal clear water, so it attracts divers who want to explore it. If scuba diving in an underground cave doesn’t sound appealing, you can simply admire the beauty of this place and then make a picnic at one of the nearby picnic areas.
In Zimbabwe, tourists can visit a truly unique park, the Mutirikwe National Park that is named after Lake Mutirikwe situated in its territory. This park lies in an incredibly beautiful mountain area. It has become home to large populations of antelopes, giraffes, buffalos, and rare white hippos. The national park has a comfortable camping area, so tourists always can stay longer and spend several days in the wild.
Zimbabwe has frequent air connection with London. There are also regular flights from Zambia (Lusaka), Ethiopia (Addis Ababa), South Africa (Johannesburg), and Kenya (Nairobi). The neighboring country of Zambezi has a ferry connection with Zimbabwe using the Zambezi River. Travelers can reach the country by train from such nearby countries as Botswana, South Africa, and Mozambique. Zimbabwe has well-developed bus connection with South Africa – up to 10 buses depart from Johannesburg and head to the capital of Zimbabwe every day. Buses to Harare from Namibia (Windhoek) are less frequent.
Read further: Cities and sights of Zimbabwe