The Old Town is also home to a large number of churches, such as the Church of St. Olav built in the XIII century. Several centuries ago this was the tallest church of the medieval Europe. In the XVI century the old city wall with its numerous bastions was one of the best defensive structures in Northern Europe. Toompea Hill is also home to one of the main symbols of Tallinn - the beautiful Russian Orthodox Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. St. Catherine's Passage , located between Vene and Muurivahe Streets is the best place to feel the medieval atmosphere of the Old Town. This is a perfect place for an unhurried walk. Tourists may also enjoy watching how craftsmen work.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is the biggest and the most beautiful domed cathedral in Tallinn. This luxuriously decorated Orthodox church features a combination of different historical styles. The cathedral was built in 1900 on Toompea Hill during the period when Estonia was ruled by Czarist Russia. Russian architect Mikhail Preobrazhensky, a representative of the St. Petersburg school, was the author of the project. The cathedral was named in honor of Alexander Nevsky, a Novgorod prince, who got the much needed victory in 1241 during the battle at Lake Peipus. During this event, known as the Battle of the Ice, Russian army defeated Livland Germans. Before the construction of the church, this place was occupied by a garden dedicated to Martin Luther. The cathedral’s bell tower with 11 bells, the largest of which weighs 15 tons, is the most powerful ensemble of bells in the city. The sound of the bells can be heard before each divine service. Do not forget to look at icons and mosaics of the cathedral.
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